Our Bailey Heritage


Part 2









1                                                                 A BRIEF HISTORY OF ENGLAND




Many interesting books have been written on the history of England. 

Despite the chapter title above, this work does not intend to recount that

history here, but only to give the briefest overview of the movements and

makeup of her people.  This may, in part, help us to understand our earliest

known origins.  What we think of as the "English" people is really a mixture

of many races.


There were people on "English" soil several thousand years ago when it

became separated from continental Europe.  Little is known of these

earliest inhabitants but they occupied these islands before recorded history.


Beginning in about 900 BC a wave of Celtic peoples, who had been moving

westward, across Europe, began settling in the British Isles.  Another wave

of Celtic tribes followed in 750 BC and still more followed them in about 500

BC.  The Celtic tribes were not united.  They fought with other Celts as

readily as they did with the prior occupants.  Many of these new inhabitants

settled along the southern coast and on the Salisbury plains of south central

England.  From there they spread throughout the islands.


Much of the British Isles was covered by thick forests.  Making roads into

the interior was very difficult so most settlements were along the coasts and

rivers.


In 55 BC Julius Caesar invaded England but was repulsed by the Celts. 

Though he tried again the next year he was not successful.  Thereafter, he

returned to Rome to become the Emperor.  It was a century later before the

Romans returned to begin a conquest of the islands under the Emperor,

Claudius.  Landing in Kent, at the southeast corner of the island, they

spread their control until they eventually occupied most of what we now call

England.  The Celtic tribes were pushed to the north (Scotland), to the west

(Wales) and to the southwest peninsula (Cornwall and Devon).  This last

group of Celts were called Britons by the Romans and hence the name of

Great Britain.  As the Romans continued to pressure these ancient tribes a

large migration of Britons left the island and sailed across the channel to the

south, where they made a new home in what is now northwestern France. 

Even today, this area is known as Brittany.


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Although they were invaders, the Romans did much to help this island

kingdom.  They built the city of Londonium on the Thames River where

today, the remains of the old Roman wall can still be seen near the present

Tower of London.  The Romans built villas and towns complete with

mineral baths, temples and amphitheaters.  They brought a new form of

civilization to the ancient agrarian Celtic way of life.


They also built a system of roads that criss-crossed England in order to

move their troops as needed.  The future Emperor, Hadrian, also built a

wall across northern England in the year 123 AD to keep the invading Scots

out of the Roman domain.


In the fourth century, Rome also brought Christianity to Britain.  By then it

was the religion of the Roman Empire.  This too was spread throughout the

British Kingdom wherever Rome dominated.


However, shortly thereafter the Roman Empire began to crumble.  In the

year 410 the Emperor Honorius told the Britons that in the future they would

have to defend themselves.  The Roman legions then began to be

withdrawn and the Empire itself began to decline.


During the Roman occupation histories were kept and much is still known of

this period.  After their withdrawal Britain again fell into a dark-age period

where little was recorded of its history or daily life.  The Scots and the

Welch began raiding the interior, of what is now called England, to claims

lands left behind by the Romans.  To defend themselves from these

armies, the local inhabitants called upon the Germanic tribes along the

North Sea coast to come and help fight off the aggressive Celtic tribes. 

The Saxons, Jutes and Angles were only too happy to come but soon

turned on their hosts and conquered the same area they were supposed to

defend.  This was not a one-time invasion but a series of immigrating

waves which continued until they achieved total domination.  This occurred

between the years 455-600.


The Saxons were from the area of north central Germany between the Elbe

and Weser Rivers.  Their friends and allies, the Angles (who lived along the

North Sea coast) and the Jutes (who lived on what is now the Danish

peninsula) saw their opportunity to acquire land and extend their domains

too.  The Saxons attacked primarily along the southern coast of England

and occupied the lands generally south of the Thames River.  The Jutes

settled mostly in Kent, on the Southeast corner of England and on the Isle of

Wight. The Angles landed on the eastern coast and moved inland

conquering the lands north of the Thames in what is now central England. 

It is from the Angles that the word "England" is derived.


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It was during this period of Anglo-Saxon incursions, that King Arthur is

supposed to have lived.  He claimed to be a descendant of both Roman

and Celtic parentage and led his army against the invasion of these

Germanic tribes.


The Saxons were pagans and with their victory Christianity was lost for a

time.  In 597, Pope Gregory again sent missionaries to return the Britons to

Christianity.  They landed in Kent where they converted the local King. 

He gave them an old building at Canterbury that was left from the Roman

Christian era.  Canterbury then became the seat of Christianity in modern

England.


The next major addition to the "English" make-up began in 865 with the

invasion of the Danish Vikings all along the eastern coast.  These new

invaders had great success and conquered much of the territory occupied

by the Angles.  However, in the year 870 they tried to push into the Saxon's

lands and met the army of Alfred the Great, King of the West Saxons.  Here

they met their first real defeat and had to retreat to their newly founded

kingdom along the eastern coast of England.  The area occupied by the

Danes became known as the "Danelaw".


While Alfred the Great never occupied all of England, and wars continued

between the Anglo-Saxons and the Danes throughout his life, still, Alfred is

considered to be the first real "King of England".  Prior to his time the Island

was just a collection of smaller kingdoms.  Under his leadership, most of

the non-Danish kingdoms formed a united coalition of "English" against the

threat of the Vikings.


Viking raids continued for many years all around the British Isles but

especially, for England, along the eastern coast.  Most of these were

Danish with some Norwegian Vikings from time to time.  In 1016 a Dane by

the name of Canute invaded England.  His timing was perfect as the prior

King, Ethelred, had just died.  Canute overcame the English opposition

and became King of England.  He was a strong and capable ruler but after

his death in 1035 the Kingdom was left with weak leaders and disputes

about the rightful heir.  This went on for 31 years until the argument

involved William, Duke of Normandy.


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The Normans were Viking descendants who, years before, during the

Viking raids on Europe, had invaded the northern coast of France.  In an

attempt to appease these terrible Norsemen, the King of France granted

them the coastal lands and the title of Duke in exchange for supporting the

French King as his vassal subject.  Still, there was an uneasy relationship

between King and Duke.  Although the Normans adopted the French

language, or at least a corrupted form of it, they were still a rebellious and

independent thorn in the side of the French.


In 1066, claiming to have been selected as heir to the dying English King

but rebuffed by a rival claimant, William, Duke of Normandy, amassed a

large army and prepared to attack England.  The English knew he was

coming but waited all summer for an attack that was delayed.  Eventually,

fighting broke out in the north of England with unhappy dissenters.  The

King had to respond and rushed his army to the troubled spot.  Here he

quickly ended the trouble but with some loss to his own army and to his

people.


It was at that time that William made his invasion.  He landed on the

southern coast and waited for the English army to return.  After making a

forced march back to the southern coast the army was tired as they went

into battle at Hastings.  The battle was well fought on both sides but in the

end Harold, King of England, lay dead on the battle field and William, Duke

of Normandy, was the "Conqueror".


William fought with an army of about 7000 and after his victory he had even

more friends from the continent come over to help him establish his

domination of his new Kingdom.  Norman rule was feudal in nature and

much different than that known in England before.  In a relatively short

time, William was able to take his army across England subjugating all of 

its people to his rule.  As he did so, he created Earls to oversee great

portions of the land with their own armies.  Each Earl reigned over his

lands as he chose, as long as he kept the peace, paid his taxes and

supported William with armies when called upon to do so.


Prior conquerors generally treated their subjects like they would their own

people and in a short span of time often became part of the English society

themselves.  The Normans however, did not mix with the English (or

Saxons as they were often still called).  They considered themselves far

superior and treated the English very roughly.  The Normans built strong

castles to defend themselves from their new subjects.  They spoke

Norman-French and created an elite class distinction to set themselves

apart from the lowly Saxons.


The Norman invasion of 1066 was the last great successful conquest of

England by a foreign power.  Although it took many years, eventually these

Norman rulers and their allies also became "English".  The English people

of today then, are primarily a mixture of Celts, Romans, Anglo-Saxons,

Danes, Vikings and Normans along with the descendants of those who

occupied the islands even before the Celts.


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The people we will discuss in this book lived primarily along the southern

coast of England in the Counties of Sussex and Hampshire.  Hampshire is

part of what was once the ancient Kingdom of Wessex (West Saxons) while

Sussex derives its name from the South Saxons.  This area, along with

Kent, the County to the East, was often the location where invading armies

were met in battle and a lot of blood has soaked into these lands.


About ten miles inland from the southern coast of England, a line runs from

Hampshire County, eastward into mid-Sussex County. This line is marked

by a sudden drop in elevation from a plateau down to the coastal plains, or

the "South Downs" as they are known.  The towns that our ancestors

inhabited lie along the coast on the South Downs.  Most of these towns in

Sussex are small fishing villages but in Hampshire there are great harbor

towns such as Southampton and Portsmouth.







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9




In west Sussex, on the Arun River, not far from the villages of our ancestors,

lies the Castle of Arundel.  It was commissioned shortly after the invasion

of William the Conqueror and built by Roger Montgomery, Earl of

Shrewsbury.  Later, it became the home of the Duke of Norfolk, Earl

Marshall of England.  It has been enlarged through the years to its current

size.  This Castle, and its occupants, would have overlooked much of the

area where our ancestors lived.  No doubt, the humble peasants in the

surrounding towns dreaded the appearance of the overlords of the castle. 

These powerful barons levied heavy taxes on the people, took their sons to

be soldiers, at times could be cruel to the peasantry and gave them nothing

in return.  The best the commoners could hope for was long periods of time

without seeing their overlords.


In the County of Sussex we find the Saxon names of Duffeld (or Duffield)

and Staker; but we also find the French name of Boniface.  These and

others have mixed together within our ancestry and have been passed

down to make us what we are today.


In the middle ages records were not kept of the common people.  Even the

ancestry of the great nobles was poorly maintained.  What records were

kept were in an effort to trace one's lineage back to a King in an attempt to

merit a better marriage, lands and titles.  With such a selfish motive, the

accuracy of even those records is questionable.


It was not until the reign of King Henry VIII that the Church of England

began keeping records of the christenings, marriages and burials of its

parishioners.  These records were not for ecclesiastical purposes but

rather so King Henry could raise taxes.  Not trusting his political Barons to

turn over the monies to which he felt he was entitled, he asked the Church

to keep records of all christenings, burials and marriages so he could keep a

census and levy the proper tax within each County.


Parish records began in the mid-1500's in most areas.  Without linking up

to royalty, we are not likely to push our family research back earlier than

this.  Some parishes were slow to start, others lost some, or all, of their

early records and most are difficult to read as the writing style of the time

was much different than we are used to today.  It was at this point in time

that our language was changing from late Middle-English to early

Modern-English.  Many of the old records have been damaged by water or

smoke through the years and are now quite difficult to read.  However, two

examples of early parish records will be shown here to give the reader an

idea of what these records look like today.  Although they may appear

unclear at first, these are actually fairly clear.


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2                                               DUFFIELD

[Pedigree charts #11, 14 & 15]



Felpham is a small village on the Sussex coast about eight miles southeast

of Chichester.  Today, this small hamlet lies enclosed within the larger

town of Middleton-on-Sea.  It was in Felpham where our earliest known

Duffield ancestors lived.  At that time this name was still spelled in the

germanic fashion as Duffeld.  The name may have been derived from the

"forest floor".


John Duffeld was born about 1550.  We're not sure where but probably

in Felpham before the parish record began.  The first knowledge we have

of him was on 8 June 1572 when he married Jone (Joan) Gawine in the

Felpham parish [GS: 919,107].  Jone also seems to have been from

Felpham but we don't know the names of either of their parents.  There

were a number of Gawne (Gawine) family members in the parish, so much

so that without a definite statement of relationship, we are unable to

determine to which family she belonged.


Some of the very earliest records of the Felpham parish include a burial for:


     John Duffeld              30 May 1588

     Katherina Duffeld      25 Dec 1589


We don't know who these people were for sure but since there seems to be

only one Duffeld (Duffield) family in Felpham after those dates (our John

and Joan Duffeld) it seems very likely that these were the parents of our

John.  No relationship was stated in the record but if they were our

ancestors, it seems likely that they were both born about 1520-30 in

Felpham.


John and Jone spent their whole lives in Felpham. John was buried there on

5 Oct. 1593 and Jone (Joan) on 6 Mar. 1606.  They had six children

christened in the Felpham parish:



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      John          Duffeld             21 Dec 1572

*  Roberte Duffeld    29 Jan 1575

      Joane        Duffeld            25 Oct 1578

      Thomas     Duffeld              4 Sep 1580

      William      Duffeld              4 Sep 1580

      Dorothe     Duffeld            26 Sep 1585


The twins, Thomas and William, were both buried in Felpham on the day

after their birth.  The two oldest sons, although they each married away

from Felpham, returned here to raise their own families.


The town of Walberton is about five miles north of Felpham.  Here lived the

family of John Peter and Joan Sebage.  The fifth of their ten children was a

daughter named Joan Peter.  She was christened on 13 Apr 1575 in

Walberton [GS: 992,178].


By 1599 Roberte Duffeld had arrived in Walberton where he met the

Peter family and he and Joan Peter were married there on 9 July 1599. 

After their marriage, this couple returned to Felpham to make their home. 

We know of only three children for this couple and all three were christened

in the Felpham parish:


*  Robert  Duffield Jr. 24 Aug 1600

      Thomas    Duffeld                 23 Jan 1602

      John         Duffeilde               28 Sep 1606


The mother, Joan (Peter) Duffeld (Duffeild) was buried in Felpham on 28

Dec. 1608.  This was just about two years after the birth of her youngest

child and seems to indicate the likelihood that she died in childbirth with her

fourth child.  No baptism nor burial record was made for the infant

however.


We have neither a marriage nor a death record for Thomas but both Robert

and John grew to manhood and married in Felpham parish.  John married

Rebecca Baldwin on 24 Apr 1628.


Robert Jr., our ancestor, married Marye Gawne (Gawine--perhaps a

cousin) in Felpham on 15 June 1628.  Young Robert Duffield and his wife,

Marye Gawne, had only three children that we have found.  Their

christenings were also recorded in the Felpham parish records:



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*  William Duffield  13 July 1630

      John  Duffill                     22  Jan. 1631/2

      Edward Duffield              25  Nov. 1635


No burial record has been found for either parent.  It is possible they

moved to another parish.  Robert probably had at least one or two

subsequent marriages.  The Felpham parish records the following burials

that were probably part of Robert's family but again, we can't be certain:


Margaret Duffield, the wife of Robert   23 Mar. 1643/4

Edward Duffield, the son of Robert & Margaret 26 Apr 1644

Elizabeth Duffield, dau. of Robert & Alice  9 Oct 1646


William Duffield (son of Robert and Marye Duffeld--1630) did not

remain in Felpham.  We're not sure where he met and married his wife. 

Her name was Frances __________.  They moved to Binsted where they

had two children christened.  Binsted is about five miles northeast of

Felpham and about half a mile east of Walberton.  The following children

were christened in Binsted parish [GS: 918,481]:


     Mary  Duffeild         15 June 1657

* John Duffield  15 Dec 1659


The parish register says that Mary was born on 17 May 1657 but lived only

two months and was buried there on 26 July, 1657.  Frances, the mother of

these children, died young, perhaps in child birth sometime between

1659-1664.  William then married a second time to Alce (Alice)

___________.  They had one son christened in Binsted parish:


      Thomas Duffeild    12 Oct  1664


John Duffield (born 1659) married a girl by the name of Anne

___________ sometime before 1679.  We do not know her maiden name

nor where they were married.  They moved to Oving, a town about six

miles northwest of Felpham and about two miles due east of Chichester. 

The Oving parish lists the christening of their two children [GS: 918,463]: 


      Richard Duffield                  13 July 1679

*    Elizabeth Duffield     15 Aug 1682


The oldest boy, Richard, lived only about ten days and was buried there on

25 July 1679.  Little Elizabeth was probably born about January 1682. 

Her mother, Anne, died as a result of the birth and was buried in Oving on


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15 Jan. 1682.  With the grief in the household and perhaps with disease as

well, John didn't take Elizabeth to the church to be christened until she was

about eight months old, which was not an uncommon occurrence at that

time.


John needed some help in raising his tiny daughter.  He soon found that

help when he married Ann Pink in Oving on 2 June 1683.  At that time, little

Elizabeth was about one and a half years old.  They were married 36 years

but had no known children.  Sometime after 1700, they moved into the city

of Chichester where Ann Pink Duffield died in 1719.  Her husband brought

her back to Oving for burial on 7 July 1719.  He however, continued to

reside in Chichester for two and a half more years.  He too was brought

back to Oving for burial next to his two wives on 8 Jan. 1722. 


Elizabeth Duffield was born and raised in Oving and it was there that

she married Henry Staker on 29 Oct. 1700 when she was 18 years old. 

This couple had ten children.  The first six were born while they still lived in

Oving.  Sometime between 1712-16 they moved to Binsted where their last

four children were born.  Their youngest child was born there in 1721, just

shortly before the death of Elizabeth's father back in Chichester.  More will

be given on this family in the Staker genealogy in Chapter 3.

















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3                                                                                                    STAKER

[Pedigree charts #5, 10 & 13]



The Staker family is featured in the historical time line shown in Appendix A,

at the end of this book.  This family resided primarily in the village of

Yapton.  This small hamlet lies about two miles south of Binsted and about

three miles inland from the sea.  It is primarily an agricultural area.


Richard Staker was our earliest known ancestor in this family.  He was

probably born about 1530-40.  We don't know where he was born but it

was probably at, or near, Yapton.  We don't know who or when he married.  


The parish record began in the mid-1500's but the pages of this book are

very worn, water stained, torn and generally difficult to read.  One of the

first "easy-to-read" pages is for the "Baptizings" of 1562-64 and was given

above on page 11 of this book.  The baptism of our ancestor, Edward Staker,

is the last entry in 1563.  Notice too that the years ran from April 1 to March

31 and not as they do now, from Jan. - Dec.  Although we are generally not

accustom to that writing style, the penmanship in this record is much clearer

than most old parish registers and so is shown here as a good example. 

The entry is marked by an arrow and says: "Edward the sone of Richard

Staker was baptized the 2nd day of March."


The earliest entries for our family were for the christenings of Richard's

children.  (His wife's name was not given, as was often the case in early

records.) [GS: 919,118]:


      girl  Staker                about  1559                   Yapton

      Anne Staker             1 Nov 1560                    Yapton

      Johanne Staker      13 Mar 1561/62               Yapton

*  Edward Staker  2 Mar 1563/64     Yapton

      Adam  Staker          16 Apr 1567                    Yapton

      Thomas Staker        19 Jul 1569                     Yapton


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The burial records of Yapton contain the following early entries for Stakers:


     Thomas Staker                            22 July 1569

     Johana dau. of Richard Staker        June 1573

     Rich'd Staker                              22 June 1599

     Mary  Staker                                             1614


It's obvious who the Richard and Johana listed above are and we're

confident that Thomas was the infant son of Richard, but we don't know of

any Mary Staker.  She could have been Richard's wife but that is pure

speculation without the necessary support to prove it.


Edward Staker remained in Yapton most of his life.  He was married in

Westbourne parish on 21 July 1587 to Anne Mylle.  Together, they had

either four or five children christened:


*   Henry Staker     14 July 1588  Yapton

        son  Staker                   14 Mar      1589     Yapton

        Thomas Staker                              1589     Walberton

        Margaret Staker            20 Mar      1591     Yapton

        Richard Staker              12 Sep      1596     Yapton


It's not clear whether child #2 and #3 are the same child or perhaps twin

brothers.  One (name not known) was christened in Yapton on 14 Mar

1589; while Thomas Staker was christened at about the same time (date

not specific) in the neighboring parish of Walberton.  The town of

Walberton was about two miles from Yapton but they were adjoining

parishes.


The Mother of this family, Anne Mylle, passed away shortly after the birth of

the last child shown above, sometime between 1596-1603.  She may have

died in child birth or it may have been due to some terrible illness.


In 1603 England was again devastated by the "Black Death" or Bubonic

Plague.  This was a horrible sickness that was usually fatal.  The Plague

was carried by rats and transmitted to people by flea bites.  An infected

person would begin to hemorrhage internally causing their bodies to

develop large "black spots" much like internal bruises.  Their lymph nodes

would also swell with the poison from the disease.  It was a painful way to

die and was the cause of much fear and anxiety in England at that time.


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We don't know the cause of her death but, our Grandmother, Anne Mylle,

died sometime prior to 1603.  Edward then married his second wife, Alice

Marwicke, on 19 May 1604 in Yapton,.  Their three children were

christened in the Yapton parish:  


     Edward   Staker               1604  Yapton

     Sarah     Staker                1609  Yapton

     Grace     Staker   26 Apr  1612  Yapton


Henry Staker (born 1588 to Edward Staker and Anne Mylle) was married

to Ann Patching on 22 July 1616 in West Chiltington, Sussex County. 

They made their home in Walberton where the christenings of three children

were recorded [GS: 992,178]:


*  Edward  Staker  14 Dec 1617   Walberton

       Ann          Staker         16 Sep 1622        Walberton

       Margarett Staker         27 Mar 1628        Walberton


We know of no other children for this family but the dates are such that there

could easily have been other children.


Edward Staker spent most of his life in Walberton, probably as a farmer. 

However, as young men often think the "other pasture is always greener",

Edward left Walberton and went back to the home of his ancestors in

Yapton to find a wife.  He was married there on 14 Jan. 1639 to Susanna

"Susan" Ameares.  We can't find any information about Susanna's parents

nor her birth.  After their wedding, they returned to Walberton where they

had five children christened:


*  Henry Staker   14 Jan 1640  Walberton

      Edward Staker         28 Jan 1642        Walberton 

      Susanna Staker         7 Sep 1645        Walberton

      William Staker         17 Jun 1648         Walberton

      Thomas Staker        28 May 1650        Walberton


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Henry Staker seems to have spent almost all of his life in Walberton.  He

lived to be 72 years old and died in the neighboring village of Binsted about

half a mile from his birth place.  Henry was 28 years old when he married

Joane Nash on 21 Feb 1668 in Walberton.  All nine of their children were

christened there:


     Edward Staker        12 Dec 1669       Walberton

     Mary  Staker            21 Mar 1670/1   Walberton

     Anne  Staker           13 Sep 1672       Walberton

     Susan Staker          16 Jan 1673/4     Walberton

* Henry Staker    1 Apr 1675  Walberton   

     Richard Staker        23 Aug 1676       Walberton

     William Staker        14 Apr 1678        Walberton

     Thomas Staker       12 Feb 1681       Walberton

     John  Staker           21 Jan 1683        Walberton


Many of this family seem to have moved westward to villages nearer

Chichester.  We find that three of these children were married in

Aldingbourne and one in Oving.  The oldest son, however, was married in

Tortington, which is just east of Binsted and Walberton.  The parents,

Henry and Joane (Nash) Staker, eventually settled in Binsted.


In those days there were a lot of diseases and plagues in England that took

a heavy toll in the days of primitive medicine.  There must have been such

an epidemic in the summer of 1712 as we find that Henry and his wife,

Joane, were both buried on the same day, 21 Aug. 1712 in the Binsted

parish.


Young Henry Staker (born 1675) grew up in Walberton but by the time he

was 25 years old he was in Oving.  There he met and married Elizabeth

Duffield on 29 Oct. 1700 (Elizabeth's ancestry was discussed in Chapter 2).


Henry and Elizabeth had ten children.  Their first six were born in Oving

between 1703 and 1712.  In that year Henry's parents both died in Binsted. 

Henry may have inherited some land there as he moved his family to

Binsted sometime between 1712 and 1715.  The christening records for

their last four children were found in the Binsted parish between the years

1716-1723 [GS: 918,463 & 918,481]:


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         Name              Christening                Parish


    John  Staker              1 Apr 1703           Oving

    Anne  Staker           15 May 1705          Oving

    Joan  Staker              4 Sep 1707          Oving

    Elizabeth Staker       23 Aug 1709         Oving

* Jane Staker    25 Jan 1710/1 Oving

    Susannah Staker      15 Dec 1712         Oving

    Anne  Staker              3 Apr 1716          Binsted

    Edward Staker           4 May 1718         Binsted

    Susanna Staker         4 May 1721         Binsted

    Grace Staker            14 Feb 1722/3      Binsted


The Oving records also contain the burial of "Ann", the daughter of Henry

and Elizabeth Staker on 22 July 1711.  Their second child listed above

would have been six years old at the time of her death.  The fact that they

named two daughters Susanna or Susannah would indicate that the older 

of these two girls also died young, sometime before 1721.  At the most, she

would have been about eight years old when she died.  We have not found

a record of the burial for the older Susannah.  It may have been the deaths

of these two young daughters that help Henry and Elizabeth decide to move

away from their sad home in Oving and start a new life in Binsted.  


Henry Staker was buried on 2 Dec. 1726 in Binsted.  At that time he was

only 51 years old and his youngest daughter, Grace was almost five.  A

year and a half later, his widow, Elizabeth Duffield Staker, married for the

second time on 18 July 1728 in Binsted.  Her new husband was Richard

Groome of Arundel.  She was 46 at the time of her second marriage and

we are currently unaware of any children by this marriage.


Jane Staker (born 1711) would have been less than five years old when

her family moved to Binsted.  She was married there on 19 Oct. 1731 to

Edward Boniface.  They had seven children christened in Binsted but it

appears that two of these died young.  (More will be given on this family in

Chapter 4 in connection with the Boniface family.)


21








4                                                                                   BONIFACE

[Pedigree charts #5, 9 & 12]



The name: Boniface, is of French origin.  It is not common in England and

most of the people of that name lived in Sussex County near the southern

England shore.  The earliest record found for any Boniface in that general

area is of the marriage of a John Boniface and Ann Martyn in the parish of

Bolney in 1544.  This is a very early date as most parishes didn't begin

keeping records until after 1550 and many not until 1600.


Bolney is a small parish just about in the middle of Sussex County.  It is

about twenty five miles east of Chichester and about ten miles north of

Brighton.  We can't trace our ancestry back to this couple.  In fact, we

can't even find the christening records for any of their children.  They may

have moved to a neighboring parish that had not yet started keeping

records.  Most Boniface families lived very close to this area though, and

were probably closely related.


The next record found for someone of the same name, was about a

generation later when a John Boniface had his two children christened in

Ditchling.  Ditchling is a small parish about five miles southeast of Bolney. 

Their mother's name was not mentioned but the following christenings were

recorded:


    Joan Boniface            4 Oct 1576               Ditchling

* John Boniface  25 Mar 1579/80  Ditchling 


This young John Boniface (1580), we believe, was our direct ancestor.  We

know our, John Boniface, was born at about that time.  However, we

cannot prove that these are the same man.


Our earliest known Boniface ancestors, was John Boniface of Albourne,

Sussex County.  Albourne parish is about three miles south of Bolney and

about four miles west of Ditchling (see the parish map at the beginning of

this book).  This was certainly close enough, geographically, to be

confident that this was all part of the same family.


22




Albourne is also about 25-30 miles east of Walberton.  That distance is

great enough that we would normally not be able to connect such a family to

our Boniface ancestors in Walberton.  However, there are several

indications that this was, indeed, the same family.


John Boniface of Albourne was born about 1579/80.  We don't know his

wife's name for sure.  In Albourne parish he had four children christened

[GS: 919,107]:


    William Boniface          6 Sep 1607      Father:  John

    Mary  Boniface           26 Nov 1611            “      John

    Thomas Boniface       15 Dec 1615            “      John

* Edward Boniface 27 May 1618    “   Jo


This family appears to have moved from Albourne to Walberton sometime

between 1618 and 1630.  No other Boniface's appear in the Walberton

parish before 1630.  We know that a William Boniface married "Alce

Eagles" on 29 May 1632 in Walberton and raised his family near there, in

Aldingbourne.


A Thomas Boniface married Margaret ________ and had two children

buried in Walberton as infants in 1640 and 1641 and another child

christened there in 1642.


Our ancestor was Edward Boniface of Walberton.  We believe he was

probably the same as that shown above as a son of John Boniface of

Albourne and that the William and Thomas, listed in the Walberton parish,

were his brothers.


As further support, the Walberton parish record lists the following burial

record [GS: 992,178]:


     7 Dec 1639 John Boniface


We can't prove that this was the father of our Edward Boniface but both the

time and place seem to indicate that it is a likely prospect.  John Boniface's

wife was named Mary.  In the neighboring parish of Eastergate, we find the

following burial record believed to be that of the wife of John, and the

mother of our Edward Boniface [GS: 992,172]:


     23 Oct. 1637 Mary, the wife of John Boniface of Walberton


23




Edward Boniface of Walberton, as discussed above, is believed to be the

son of John and Mary Boniface and was christened in Albourne on 27 May

1618.  His wife's name was not recorded.  We know of only two children

for this family, both christened in the Walberton parish [GS: 992,178]:


     Henry Boniface          21  Aug  1647         Walberton

* John Boniface   17 Sep 1649    Walberton


The oldest son, Henry, died at birth and was buried on 24 Aug. 1647.  The

fact that the second son was named John, also hints at the possible

relationship with the Boniface family in Albourne.  It must however, be

admitted that "John" is a fairly common name and does not prove the

relationship.


John Boniface (born 1649) grew up in Walberton.  We don't know where

or when he married Elizabeth ___________ but it was probably about

1670-72.  Their first child is believed to have been born in Aldingbourne. 

This was also the town where his uncle, William Boniface, moved and

raised his family.  Aldingbourne is a little village and parish about three

miles west of Walberton.  Later the family moved to Eastergate (the parish

between Aldingbourne and Walberton) where their next two children were

christened [GS: 918,246 & 992,172]:


     Anna  Boniface                     15 July 1673             Aldingbourne

* John  Boniface Jr.    8 Apr. 1675    Eastergate

     Elizabeth Boniface               18 Apr. 1681              Eastergate


The family seems to have remained in Eastergate although no record has

been found there for the burial of John Boniface Sr.  The following burial

record does appear in the Eastergate parish [GS: 992,172]:


     24 Oct 1701 Elizabeth, wife of John Boniface


John Boniface II (born 1675 in Eastergate) seems to have spent his

entire life in Eastergate although he may have travelled to a neighboring

parish to find a wife.  There is no record of his marriage in the Eastergate

parish.


24



It was common at that time for a young man to venture into the surrounding

towns to seek his fortune and his wife.  The marriage was almost always

performed in the bride's parish but then the couple returned home to the

parish of the new husband to make their home and raise their children.  So

also with young John and Mary __________ Boniface.  They were married

sometime around 1700-02 but we do not know where.


Eastergate parish contains the record of the baptisms for the following

children of John and Mary Boniface [GS: 992,172]:


     Name             Christening              Spouse                Married at


    Elizabeth         20 Sep 1703      Henry Binsted           Eastergate

    John  III           23 Dec 1704      Eliz. Treagoss           Aldingbrne

    Mary                23 Aug 1707      Fran. Whitcomb        Eastergate

* Edward     10 Mar 1709 Jane Staker     Binsted

    Thomas           18 Sep 1712

    George             7 May 1715      Eliz. Treagoos           Aldingbrne

    Anne                 4 Nov 1717

    William              8 May 1721      Jane        ?


John Boniface II was buried in Eastergate parish on 2 Sep. 1727.  A Mary

Boniface (probably his widow) was buried there less than a year later on 4

July 1728.  At the time of Mary's death, their oldest child would not yet have

been 25 years old and the youngest was only seven.


The two oldest children in this family were already married by the time of

their mother's death.  There was a marriage performed in Eastergate

parish of a Mary Boniface and a Francis Whitcombe on the same day as the

burial of Mary Boniface, the mother of this family.  We have thought that

this was the marriage of Mary, the daughter listed above, however, Mary is

a common name and we wonder if a daughter would go ahead with her

marriage plans on the same day as her Mother's burial.  We are now

uncertain as to who the Mary was who married on that date but it may have

been some distant relative.

  

The younger children may have gone to live with one of the older siblings

who had recently married.  Being orphaned so young would have been a

terrible thing for these children.


25



Our ancestor, Edward Boniface, was the 4th child in the family.  He was

19 years old when his mother passed away.  Three years later he married

Jane Staker on 19 Oct 1731 in Binsted parish [GS: 918,481].  (See

Chapter 3 for more on the Staker family). 


All seven of Edward and Jane Boniface's children were born in Binsted. 

The french name of Boniface was unclear to some early English scribes. 

When the family first moved to Binsted, where this was not a common

name, the parish priest heard the name and it sounded like "Bonnyface" to

him.  And, he often recorded it as such in his records. 


The first of their children was a set of twins: Elizabeth and John.  Young

John, however, did not live long and was buried six days later.  Their next

child, Jane, also died as a young child.  The christenings for their first

seven children in Binsted were as follows:


     Name                Christened                Spouse                  Married at


* Elizabeth  2 Jun 1732   John Wheatley    Chichester

    John                 2 Jun 1732

    Jane               15 Nov 1733

    Edward           28 Mar 1735          Agnes Allen                   Treyford

    John                  8 Jul 1736

    Jane                  9 Jul 1738            John Tuff                      Treyford

    Ann                   6 Mar 1739          James Hunt                   Treyford


Sometime shortly after 1739 this family appears to have moved to the

parish of Treyford-Didling.  This is actually two parishes that combined

their registers for both the village of Treyford and of Didling.  They are

located about two miles north of Chichester on the uplands overlooking the

South Downs.  In this parish record, there is an interesting entry.  It was

not recorded in the same handwriting as the original record but was added

later in a different handwriting.  These christening entries are as follows

and we don't know if this is part of our family or not [GS: 1,041,569]:


     9 Feb 1741     John,  son of Edward Bonny, laborer

     3 Jul  1744     James, son of Edward Bonny, laborer


26



Surely the ages are such that this could be two more children of the same

family.  Back in Binsted their name was recorded as Bonnyface and

someone could have made a further error in their new community.  We

know that this family moved to this parish sometime around 1740.  There

were no other records found for a "Bonny" family.  We searched for the

death record in either parish for the second son named "John".  It seems

unlikely they would have named a third son John unless the first and second

one died.  We were unable to find such a burial record. The Mother's name

was not given for these two boys.  We will not include them in our family

group sheet, primarily because of the spelling of their last name but we

recognize they could have been part of our family.


We think Jane Staker Boniface (the Mother of this family) lived to be about

54 years old and was buried in Eastergate parish in Sussex County.  There

is no record in Binsted parish nor in Treyford-Didling of her burial but in the

Eastergate record [GS: 992,172] there is an entry dated 14 Oct. 1765 for the

burial of "Edward Boniface's wife".  There could have been other Edward

Boniface's but this could also refer to our Jane  Staker Boniface.  After

burying his wife, Edward Boniface returned to Treyford-Didling, where

several of his children were living.  He died and was buried there on 3 Dec.

1767 at the age of 58.  His oldest daughter, Elizabeth Boniface

(Bonnyface) married John Wheatley on 29 Sep 1750 in All Saints Parish in

Chichester.  (See Chapter 6 for more information on the Wheatley family).















27








5                                                                                                   GREGG

[Pedigree charts #5 & 8]



Boxgrove is a small hamlet about three miles northeast of Chichester. 

Some of its earliest records show that a family by the name of Grygg, or

Grigge, lived there.  The record begins about 1575 with the marriage of

Stephen Grygg and Joan Sherington.  That is followed two years later by

the marriage of Elizabeth Grigg, the daughter of John Grigg and Thomas

Star (Baker).  Then we find the christenings of their children, along with the

children of a John Grygg Jr. and a Henry Grygge.  It seems most likely that

these individuals were brothers and sister.  At least John Jr. and Elizabeth,

were children of a prior John Grigg and we suspect that Stephen and Henry

were also his sons.


Henry had only one child in Boxgrove and then may have moved away. 

John and Stephen both raised their families here.  


Stephen Grygg and Joan Sherington would have been born about 1550-55

and probably in Boxgrove before the records began.  They had the

following eight children baptized in Boxgrove [GS: 992,172]:


    Elizabeth Grygg            8 Oct  1576

    Richard Grygge          20 Sep  1578

    Agnes Grigg                     Apr  1580

    Marryan Grygge               Oct  1582

    Joan Grigge                20 Sep  1584

    John Grigge                   9 Apr  1587

    Mary Grygge               25 Apr  1589

    Anne Grigge                  1 Oct  1591


From this generation, again there were only two sons, Richard and John. 

We can identify their families as they were baptized in the local parish. 

Richard married Eleanor Norris on 24 Nov. 1606 in Boxgrove.  She was the

daughter of John Norrys and Anges Gennyns (Jennings). 


28




Eleanor (Elinor) was christened in Boxgrove on 1 Nov. 1581.  She and Richard

Grygge had the following children christened in Boxgrove:


    Scibbele  (Syble)   Grige     20 Sep 1607

    Charity    Gaige or Grige     26 Mar 1609

    Joan                      Grigge    27 Jan 1610/11

    Sarah     Gaige or  Grige     15 Dec 1611

    Daniel                    Grigg     18 Jul 1613

    Steeven ( twin)       Grig       1 Nov 1615 

    Agnis      (twin)       Grig       1 Nov 1615

    Ralph      (twin)       Grigge   30 Mar 1619

    Mary       (twin)       Grigge   30 Mar 1619

    Elizabeth                Grigg     29 Jun 1623


Again, there weren't many sons in this family to carry on the name but there

were three, Daniel, Steeven and Ralph.  Then it appears that most of the

Griggs moved away from this parish.  There are no entries at all for any

Griggs for the next 20 years.  Then there are only a few entries in the

1650-60 period and then nothing till 1703.


We don't know where this family went but we believe these were our

ancestors.  We say that because of the name "Ralph Grigge" as shown

above.  Ralph was not a common name at that time and helps us to trace

our family back to Boxgrove.


The only other mention we have found for someone with a name like that in

this area was the marriage of a Ralph Greige and Mabell Upfold on 30 Sep.

1655 in Tangmere, which is adjacent to, and on the south side of Boxgrove. 

Ralph, the son of Richard (shown above) would have been about 36 years

old at that time.  That seems older than we would expect but it could still be

the same man.  He may have married late or this could be a second

marriage for him.  We cannot connect this Ralph to the above Richard with

certainty; neither can we connect him to our own ancestor, Ralph Gregg.


Sometime around 1655-65, our ancestor, Ralph Grigg or Gregg, was

born somewhere in Sussex County.  He could have been a late son, or

early grandson of one of the above Grigges.  We have not found any

record of his birth but feel certain that he was tied to the above family in

some manner.  We find him first when, as a young man (age not known) he

strolled into the town of Pagham in Sussex County before 1686.


29



This is the first we have encountered the village of Pagham (pronounced

like "Bag um" would be if we changed the B for P).  If we had to designate

one town as the Bailey family homeland, it would certainly be Pagham.  In

this tiny hamlet most of our ancestral lines came together to form our family.


Pagham lies about four miles south of Chichester and about half a mile

inland from the sea on Pagham Harbor.  Originally, it was primarily a

fishing village but today the harbor is mostly used for recreational boating. 

This is a scenic area with temperate climate and good farm land.


It was in Pagham were Ralph (Ralfe) Gregg married Mary Collins on

24 Oct 1686.  Mary was the daughter of John Collins and was christened

on 24 Dec 1661 in Eastergate.  We don't know her Mother's name but it

may have been "Ann".


Ralph and Mary made their first home in Pagham where their first eight

children were christened [GS: 416,708].  They then moved to Boxgrove

(the ancestral home of the Grigge's) where their last two children were

christened [GS: 504,433]:


    John Gregg                    20 Feb 1687         Pagham

    Mary Gregg                    22 Apr 1690          Pagham

    Ralph Gregg                    1 Sep 1691          Pagham

    Mary Gregg                    10 Nov 1692         Pagham

    Richard Gregg                22 Mar 1695         Pagham

    William Grigge                  9 Apr 1697          Pagham

    Elizabeth Gregg              23 May 1699        Pagham

* Susannah Gregg    13 Oct 1700   Pagham

    Ralph Grigge                  28 Sep 1703          Boxgrove

    Stephen Gregge             13 May 1705         Boxgrove


In Pagham their name was usually spelled "Gregg" but when they moved

back to Boxgrove, the local parish priest knew them as "Grigge".  We

suspect that Ralph spent some time in this area as a youth and that this

move was a return to his old home town.


30



While still living in Pagham their third child, Ralph, died and was buried on 6

Nov. 1691.  No record of the burial of their oldest daughter, Mary, was

found but with the next daughter also being named Mary, it seems likely that

the older daughter also died young.  We have not found a record for the

burials of either parent.  They may have moved again to another location,

perhaps to settle closer to one of their married children and their

grandchildren.


As an additional tie of our Ralph Gregg of Pagham and Boxgrove to the

earlier Grygg family of Boxgrove, compare the names of Ralph's sons with

those men we believe to be his direct ancestors:


               Grygg ancestors                  Ralph Gregg's sons


                        John                                      John

                        Stephen                                Ralph

                        Richard                                 Richard

                        Ralph                                    William

                                                                     Ralph

                                                                     Stephen


Susannah Gregg, the youngest daughter of Ralph and Mary (Collins)

Gregg, was born in Pagham and christened there on 13 Oct. 1700.  She

was just a child, less than three years old, when the family moved to

Boxgrove.  Here she grew to young womanhood in this farming community

within walking distance of the large city of Chichester.


At the age of 23, Susannah was married in St. Andrews parish in Chichester

to John Wheatley on 23 Apr. 1724 [GS: 504,430].  After the wedding, they

made their home in Pagham.  This was John's hometown as well as

Susannah's birthplace.  Here they had their five children christened

between 1725-33.


John Wheatley died and was buried in Pagham parish on 14 May 1741 and

Susannah Gregg Wheatley was buried there on 11 Apr. 1755 [GS:

918,478].  (More on this family will be given in Chapter 6 with the Wheatley

genealogy.)


31







 

6                                                                                  WHEATLEY

[Pedigree chart #5]



We're not sure where our Wheatley ancestry lived before coming to

Pagham.  Our earliest known parents in this line were John Sr. and

Susanna Wheatley.  They would have been born sometime before 1660

(probably 1650-60).  Neither do we know when or where they married but it

would have been sometime prior to 1680.


John Wheatley Sr.'s father might also have been another "John Wheatley". 

There are some gaps of missing information in the Pagham parish register. 

However, in 1662 (when we think our John Wheatley Sr. was just a young

lad) there is a record for the burial of [GS: 1,041,596]: 


        Annie, the daughter of Jo. Wheatley     22 Nov 1662


This Annie may well have been a sister to our John Wheatley Sr. but we

can't prove that at this point.  "Jo." was used as a standard abbreviation for

the name John.


Our John Sr. and his wife Susanna could have had older children

somewhere other than in Pagham.  The first record however, that we have

been able to find of them is for the christening of their daughter, Jane. 

They had five children christened in Pagham parish [GS: 538,661]:


     Name              Christening


    Jane                25 Mar 1680

    Mary                20 Feb 1683

    John                12 Oct 1690

* John Jr.   abt 1692-98

    Hannah             2 Sep 1699


32




The information on this family is obviously sketchy and there were, no

doubt, other children not listed above.  The gaps between them certainly

allow sufficient time for other children to be born.  We were not able to find

a christening date for the John Jr. listed above.  However, the parish record

indicates that both Mary (1683) and John (1690) died young.  We have

later parish records for the christening of the children of a John Wheatley

(our ancestor--John Jr.) in Pagham.  We know of no other Wheatley family

in Pagham at that time.  Since we know that the first child named John, in

this family, died young, we "suspect" they named another child John, as

was often done in those days, especially when he was the namesake of his

father.


We also know that our John Wheatley Jr. was specifically known as "John

Jr." which is a sure indication that his father was also named John.  We feel

confident that he belongs to this family although we lack specific proof due

to the gaps in the parish register.


The parish record also lists the burial of a James Wheatley in Pagham on 9

May 1722.  We don't know the age nor relationship of this James to our

Wheatley family.  He may have been a son of John Sr. and Susanna but

we have not listed him as such as we have no other knowledge of him.


Susanna was buried in Pagham on 22 Nov 1713.  At that time her oldest

known child would have been about 33 and the youngest was about 14.


John Sr. married again on 10 May 1715 in Pagham.  His new wife was

Anne Madley.  They had one daughter [GS: 136,163]:


      30 July 1715 Anne, daughter of John Sr. & Anne his wife

  

John Sr. would have been at least 55-65 years old at that time.  This

daughter was not quite four years old when her father died.  He was buried

in Pagham on 21 May 1719.


33




John wheatley Jr., as mentioned above, was surely a son of John Sr.

and Susanna, although we have no proof of it other than his name

containing "Jr.".  He was probably born between 1692-98 in Pagham.  He

married first, Sarah Bound, on 16 Apr. 1715 in Pagham.  John Jr. and

Sarah had one child christened in Pagham [GS: 1,364,163]:


       20 Feb 1715/6 John, son of John Wheatley and Sarah


This same son was buried there on 3 March 1715/6.  No other christenings

were found for this family.  Sarah died young, perhaps in childbirth, but if so

the child also died without being christened.  She was buried on 20 May

1722.


John Wheatley Jr. was now alone again with no children nor wife for the

next two years.  He then married his second wife, Susanna Gregg (see

Chapter 5) on 23 April 1724 in Pagham.  This couple had five children

christened in the local parish:  


     Susannah  Wheatley                  30 Apr 1725

* John     Wheatley III   31 Jan 1726/7

     Mary           Wheatley                  2 May 1728

     James        Wheatley                 20 Oct 1730

     James        Wheatley                 23 Jul 1733


The first James Wheatley (1730) died before his second birthday and was

buried in Pagham on 25 June 1732.  The younger James grew up and

married twice.  First to Anne _________ about 1752.  They had one

daughter named Ruth in 1753.  His wife Anne then died and he married

Betty Bridger on 9 Oct. 1756.  They had three daughters in Pagham: Betty,

Mary and Susanna.  This family then moved to Elsted, Sussex County

where they had five more daughters and one son, named John, who died as

a baby and was brought back to Pagham for burial on 10 June 1771. 

James died in Elsted in July 1789.  His body was also brought home to

Pagham for burial on 10 July 1789.


The father of this family, John Wheatley Jr., remained in Pagham until his death. 

He was buried there on 14 May 1741.  His wife, Susannah Gregg Wheatley,

was buried near him 14 years later on 11 Apr. 1755.


34




John Wheatley III was born about January 1727 in Pagham to John

Wheatley Jr. and Susannah Gregg.  He married Elizabeth Boniface (see

Chapter 4) on 29 Sep. 1750 in All Saints parish in Chichester.  They

returned to Pagham where their three children were christened:


* Elizabeth Wheatley 30 Jul 1751 [GS: 539,019]

    Susannah     Wheatley     13 Dec 1752       [GS: 538,661]

    Ann               Wheatley     13 Jan 1755/6    [GS: 918,478]


We think this family also moved to Elsted in Sussex County sometime after

1756.  Elsted is about ten miles north of Chichester and just to the west of

Treyford-Didling.  (His brother, James, moved to Elsted about 1763.)

 

John III was buried in Pagham on 17 June 1777.  He would have been

almost 50 years old at that time.  His widow, Elizabeth Boniface Wheatley,

eventually moved to Ford on the Arun River, about three miles south of the

castle.  Here she died at age 86 after living alone as a widow for 41 years. 


She was brought back to Pagham to be buried near her husband on 27

June 1818 [GS: 918,478].


Elizabeth Wheatley (1751) was the oldest daughter of John Wheatley

III and Elizabeth Boniface.  She was raised primarily in Pagham but may

have spent several years in Elsted.  She married Jacob Wyer (Wier or

Wire) in Pagham on 16 Oct. 1770.  (More will be given on this family in

Chapter 7.)












35







 

7                                                                                                 WIER

[Pedigree chart #5]



Jacob Wyer (Wier or Wire) was born about 1739.  We do not know where

he was born but the Pagham parish register stated he was 78 years old at

his burial on 25 Sep. 1817 [GS: 918,478].


Jacob was probably a farmer as he lived in the little farming community of

Nytimber (or Nyetimber) just north of Pagham.  Our Bailey ancestors

farmed in this same area.


He came to Pagham as a young single man.  Here he met Elizabeth

Wheatley (see Chapter 6) and they were married in the local parish on 16

Oct. 1770.  They had nine children, all christened in Pagham [GS:

918,478]:


      Name                     Christened              Spouse                     Married at    


      Elizabeth Wier     10 Sep 1771         Thomas Baker                Pagham

      Jacob Wier Jr.       4 Mar 1773          Amy

      Jane Wire            15 May 1774

      Maria Wire            29 Jun 1777         Richard Prior                  Pagham

      Joseph Wiear       14 Mar 1778         Maria Viney                   S. Bersted

      John Wiar             19 Nov 1780

      Sarah Wiear           8 Jun 1783

      Ann Wire              29 May 1785

*  Grace Wier   22 Jul 1787   William Horner    Pagham


Little Sarah Wiear lived only half a year and was buried in Pagham on 20

Dec 1783.  The next daughter, Ann, had a sad and short life.  At the age of

19, she had a baby out of wedlock.  This child was given the name of Jane

Wier and christened in Pagham on 4 Nov. 1804.  However, the baby did

not survive and was buried there on 12 Nov. 1804.  Evidently, the young

mother also contracted an infection or some other complication and she too

was buried there two months later on 5 Jan. 1805.


36




There is not a lot of consistency in the spelling of the family surname but we

have listed the children as their names appear in the parish record.


The family continued to farm in Nytimber and attended the Pagham parish. 

Jacob "Wier" Sr. lived to be 78 years old and was buried in Pagham on 25

Sep. 1817.  His widow, Elizabeth (Wheatley) Wier was buried there on 21

Nov. 1821, in her 71st year.


Grace Wier was the youngest child of Jacob Wier Sr. and Elizabeth

Wheatley.  She spent her entire life in the Nytimber area just north of

Pagham.  Here she met and married her husband, William Horner, on 3

Oct. 1805.  He too was from Pagham and probably farmed in the Nytimber

area.


Grace and William had nine children christened in Pagham.  Each of these

was about two years apart.  She died in 1824, about two years after the

ninth baby was christened.  This probably means she died in childbirth with

a tenth baby who did not survive long enough to be christened.  


Grace was only 37 years old at her death.  Her nine children ranged in age

from 2 to 18.  (More will be given on this family in Chapter 9 with the Horner

genealogy.)














37







 

8                                                                                             LOCKYER

[Pedigree chart #4]



Two small parishes, Birdham and West Wittering, occupy most of the shore

line along the southeast side of Chichester Harbour.  The tiny hamlet of

Birdham lies about four miles southwest of the city of Chichester.  This is a

favorite spot for yachting and landscape painting.  The old parish church

dates back to 1545.  It has a low and narrow door and according to legend,

the Devil was kicked out and the door was blocked off so as to prevent his

reentry.


West Wittering is a very small village on the east side of the mouth to

Chichester Harbour and about three miles southwest of Birdham. 

Originally, this was a fishing village which evolved into a residential and

holiday resort community.  This was once the location of the palace of the

Bishop of Chichester.


Not much is currently known of our Lockyer (Lockier) family.  They resided

in both of these communities at different times.  Our earliest known parents

there were William Lockyer and Anne (or An) Aps.  They were

married in Birdham on 17 May 1704 and had the following children

christened in the Birdham parish [GS: 1,238,825]:


      Wm.  Lockyer             22 Sep 1706            Birdham

      Ann Lockyer               26 Sep 1708            Birdham

*  Wm. Lockyer     24 Jun 1711    Birdham


The first child, William, died as an infant.  His next brother, the man

believed to be our ancestor, was given his name, as well as the name of

their father.


We feel this younger William was the same man who married a Sarah

_________ about 1728.  He would have been only 17 or 18 years old at

that time.  We find no other William Lockyers in the area.


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William and Sarah Lockyer lived in the neighboring parish of West

Wittering.  Here they had two children christened  [GS: 416,742]:


*   Ann Lockyer      1 Dec 1728   West Wittering

    Susanna Lockier          26 Apr 1730         West Wittering


Nothing else in known of either of the first two generations of Lockyers. 

Ann Lockyer grew up in this area and was married in Birdham parish to

Willm. (William) Horner on 27 June 1748 [GS: 919,118].  (More will be

given on this family in Chapter 9 on the Horner family.)























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9                                                HORNER

[Pedigree charts #1 & 4]



Our Horner family history begins with the wedding of Willm Horner and

Ann Lockyer in Birdham parish on 27 June 1748 [GS: 919,118].  Birdham

was the hometown of our Lockyer ancestry (as previously discussed in

Chapter 8).  This couple did not remain here long.  Instead, they moved to

West Wittering where their first two sons were christened [GS: 416,742],

and then back to Birdham where their third son was christened [GS:

1,238,825]:


* John        22 Oct 1749     West Wittering

    Richard              24 Sep 1752              West Wittering    

    Wm. (William)    27 Apr 1755               Birdham 


At this point we know nothing further of William or Ann (Lockyer) Horner.  If

they had other children we don't know who they were nor when or where

they were born.


Sometime around 1777, John Horner, the son of William and Ann

Horner, married Sarah ______________.  We don't know where they

married but they settled in Pagham to raise their family of nine children. 

The parish record has some gaps and does not contain the christenings of

the three oldest children but we believe they too were born and christened

in the Pagham parish.


The oldest child, William, died in 1855.  In the 1851 census, he was 73

years old and still living in Pagham.  He told the census taker that he was

born in Pagham.  Since we know that he, as oldest child, as well as the six

youngest children, were all born in Pagham, we feel confident that the other

two children were probably born in Pagham also.


The parish record only contains the christenings of the six youngest

children [GS: 416,742]: 


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        Name          Christened            Spouse                Married or Buried


*     William                1778       Grace Wier    3 Oct 1805  Pagham

      Sarah                abt 1780                                      buried  25 Nov 1797 (age 17)

      Richard             abt 1782    Susan Chessel (or Chapel)                  Pagham

      Jenny           24 Apr 1785

      Ruth             14 Oct 1787

      Mary            11 Oct 1789                                       buried  11 Feb 1796

      Henry          21 Apr 1791                                       buried  14 Apr 1803 (12)

      John            15 Sep 1793

      James         20 Sep 1795


A few months after the birth of the last child, another epidemic swept

through the area.  Six year old Mary died and was buried on 11 Feb. 1796. 

The father, John Horner, was buried just a month later on 16 Mar. 1796. 

Seventeen year old Sarah, died a year and a half later and was buried on 25

Nov. 1797.  Five years later, Henry was buried on 14 Apr. 1803.


William Horner (born 1778 in Pagham) seems to be the oldest child in

that family.  He lived his entire life in Pagham.  He was about 27 years old

when he married Grace Wier on 3 Oct. 1805 in Pagham.  They had the

following nine children, all born in Pagham [GS: 918,478]:


     Name                             Christened                   Married                         Place


* Sarah "Sally"    15 Mar 1806    Thomas Binstead     Pagham

     Mary                             27 May 1807           Charles Fogden                 Pagham

     William                         20 May 1809           Charlotte Grenaway           Pagham

     Eliza                             19 Apr 1811            William Edwards                Pagham

     John                             28 Nov 1813

     Frederic                        21 Mar 1817             buried 7 Apr 1817

     Henry                           11 mar 1818

     Jane                             29 Jul 1820

     James                          20 Oct 1822


The Mother, Grace (Wier) Horner, was buried in Pagham on 14 July 1824. 

Since that was just two years after the birth of the youngest child, she may

have died in childbirth.  If so, that baby did not survive long enough to be

christened.  It's hard to imagine the transition from the emotional joy and

anticipation of another baby, to the sudden realization that neither Mother

nor child would be returning home.


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When Grace died, she left a large family for William to manage on his own

with children ranging from age 18 to 2.  We have no record of William

Horner ever marrying again.  He was 46 years old when his wife died.  He

lived to be 77.  In the 1851 census, he was a "lodger" boarding with a

family in Nytimber, a farming community near Pagham.  At that time he

was listed as a 73 year old widower, a pauper and Ag (farm) laborer.  


There was no such thing as Social Security or pensions  to help take care

of an old man, other than the generosity of his children.  William had

worked for others on their farms and in his old age was still trying to care for

his own needs although it seems this was a difficult task.  William died in

Nytimber and was buried in the Pagham parish on 19 Apr. 1855.


Sarah "Sally" Horner was the oldest child in her parent's family.  She

was 18 years old when her Mother passed away.  That must have been an

agonizing time for the whole family but Sally was in the midst of her own

wedding plans.  The wedding may have been delayed for a time but she

was married in Pagham a month after her Mother's passing, on 10 Aug.

1824.  Her husband's name was Thomas Binstead.  They couldn't delay

the wedding too long as their first child was born shortly thereafter.  Tom

and Sally (Horner) Binstead had five children christened in Pagham parish

[GS: 918,478]:


    Thomas                28 Nov 1824

    William                  14 Apr 1826

    Frances "Fanny"     2 Dec 1827

    Harriett                  24 Sep 1829

    Henry                      2 Jul 1831


About six months after the birth of the youngest child, there must have been

an epidemic in the area.  Sally's husband, Thomas Binstead, succumbed

and was buried in Pagham on 11 Jan. 1832.  Six months later, her

youngest child, Henry, also died and was buried there on 8 July 1832.  We

think her youngest daughter, Harriett, also died young although we don't

have a date for her burial.  We're not sure what became of the oldest boy,

Thomas.  We know that William survived and raised a family in Pagham. 

"Fanny" (age 13) was the only child, from this marriage, still living with Sally

in the 1841 census.


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1832 and 1833 were terribly lonely years for Sally Horner Binstead.  She

was still a young woman but had experienced some of the hardest trials in

life.  She found a friend in a young man named Joseph Bailey Jr.  He too

had lived all his life in the Pagham area and he had also just lost his Mother. 

Joseph and Sally probably knew each other from their youth.  Joseph

however, was eight years younger than Sally.  They began a courtship

which culminated in their marriage on 7 Dec. 1833.  Sally was 27 years old

and Joseph Bailey was 19.


At the age of 19 it would not have been easy for young Joseph to assume

the responsibilities of manhood in taking care of a wife and at least two or

more of her children.  In addition, they had another child, Benjamin Bailey,

christened on 29 June 1834 and another child about every two years

thereafter for a total of eight children of Joseph Bailey's.  This brought the

total number of live births for Sally Horner to 13.


The family continued to farm in Nytimber and were members of the Pagham

parish.  On 8 June 1841, they were still living there when the first English

census was conducted [Sussex Co., Pagham parish, Enumeration Dist #9,

page 12; GS: 474,674].  Two months later, another epidemic ravaged the

countryside.  This time Sally and Joseph lost their two oldest boys. 

Benjamin (age 7) was buried on 24 Aug 1841 and his younger brother,

Joseph III, (age 3) was buried just five days later, on 29 Aug 1841.  It is

possible that Sally may have lost her daughter Fanny Binstead at this time

also as we find no more mention of this young girl after that date.


Joseph and Sally were left with just two of their children: Helen "Ellen" (age

5) and Daniel (our ancestor, age 1).  The old home now contained too

many unhappy memories and Joseph and Sally decided to make a new

start in another area.  They moved to Selsey, the southern-most point of

land in Sussex County and about four miles southwest of Pagham.  Here,

two more children were christened into their family before they moved

again.  This time they travelled about five miles north to Sidlesham where

they had at least one more child.  Joseph and Sally remained in Sidlesham

for the rest of their lives.  Sally died there sometime between 1881-85. 

Joseph was buried there on 1 Oct. 1885.  (More will be given on this family

in the Bailey genealogy in Chapter 10.)


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                                       Old photo of the village of Pagham, Sussex, England

                                                      The old windmill is still standing.


                            photos provided by Roy Ballard, a distant Bailey cousin in England









































                                     Modern photo of the old windmill in Pagham today.







                              Church of England -- Parish church -- St. Thomas A’Beckett

                                                         Pagham, Sussex, England