Our Bailey Heritage

Part 3

10                                                BAILEY

[Pedigree charts #1, 2 & 3]

To follow our Bailey family, we must temporarily leave Sussex County. 

Our story begins somewhere in Hampshire County, on the western boarder

of Sussex.  Before the Norman conquest of England, Hampshire was part

of the Kingdom of Wessex.  Alfred the Great's court was at Winchester, a

city which is located about ten miles north of Southampton, the County's

largest.  The "New Forest" just west of Southampton, was a favorite

hunting ground of Kings in the early history of England.  It was here that

King William II, the son of William the Conqueror, was shot by an arrow

while hunting, which led to the reign of his younger Brother, King Henry I.

About half way between Southampton and Chichester lies Portsmouth

Harbour.  This is a major port and over the years has become primarily a

military harbor.  Today the Royal Navy Gunnery School, a Submarine base

and a torpedo training area all surround Portsmouth Harbour.  In addition,

Admiral Lord Nelson's flagship, HMS Victory, is permanently moored here.

On the north side of Portsmouth Harbour lies the town of Portchester where

King Henry II built a castle inside some ancient Roman ruins.  The entire

Hampshire coastline has been the scene of a great deal of military history

right down to, and including, the Second World War.  This area was badly

damaged by bombs during the War.  It was also the area from which the

Normandy Invasion was launched on D-day in 1944.

Our Baileys had their roots in the general area around Portsmouth.  There

were so many Baileys within the southeast corner of Hampshire County that

we have a difficult time tracing our family back very far.

William Bailey was our earliest identifiable ancestor.  He was born

about 1744-48 somewhere near Portsmouth.  Several William Baileys

were born around the same time and area making it virtually impossible to

identify which one was our William.


Our William Bailey married Mary ________ sometime around 1780.  Their

oldest son was also named William and was born about 1781.  In the 1841

census William Jr. was living with his Mother, Mary Bailey, in Pagham.  His

age was rounded off to 60, but that seems to be fairly close to his real age. 

His Mother's age was also rounded off to 80 but we believe she was born

sometime around 1757 (according to her burial record).

William and Mary Bailey moved to Wymering, Hampshire County and had a

son named Joseph in early 1783.  They took this baby to St. Andrew's

parish at Farlington, Hampshire to be christened on 16 Mar. 1783. 

Farlington was only a couple miles from Wymering and they may have gone

there since Joel, Joseph, Elizabeth and Sarah Bailey lived in that parish. 

We think these individuals may have been brothers and sisters of our

William Bailey.


This little boy, Joseph Bailey, was our ancestor.  In his later life he told the

1861 census taker that he was born in Wymering, Hampshire County. 

Wymering is a very small parish on the north side of Portsmouth

Harbour and just east of Portchester.  Farlington, the parish where young

Joseph was christened, is due north of Portsmouth and about two miles

east of Wymering.  The Bailey family remained in this area for a short time

but long enough to have their next son, Charles, christened in the same

parish on 22 May 1785.

Shortly after the birth of this child (1785-86) William and Mary moved to the

farming community of Rose Green, about two miles north of Pagham, in

Sussex County.  This was a move of less than twenty miles.  Why they

moved is unknown.  (There was another Bailey family in the Pagham area,

although we believe this other family was from Oving and we know of no

relationship between them.)

As residents of Rose Green they belonged to the Pagham parish.  There

we find the records of the christenings of the last seven children, as well as

some of their marriages and burials [GS: 918,478].  We believe William

and Mary Bailey had the following children:

Name           Christened     Parish

      William               abt 1781               Hampshire Co.

*   Joseph      16 Mar 1783   St. Andrews, Farlington

      Charles             22 May 1785         St. Andrews, Farlington

      Mary                   6 Apr 1787           Pagham, Sussex

      Charles             28 Jun 1789          Pagham, Sussex

      James               19 Jun 1781          Pagham, Sussex

      John                   8 Dec 1793          Pagham, Sussex

      Elizabeth            8 May 1796         Pagham, Sussex

      Martha              31 Mar 1799         Pagham, Sussex

      Harriet                1 Jan 1801          Pagham, Sussex

[Note: There is some confusion about the two Charles' listed above.  We

find a christening record in the both parishes for a Charles.  Normally, the

appearance of a second child of the same name within one family indicates

the death of the older child.  However, in later census records for Pagham,

Charles told the census-taker that he was born in Hampshire County and

his age indicates that he was born about 1785.  In-other-words, the older

Charles is the only one found in Pagham census records. 


This leads us to speculate that there was really only one Charles in the family

(the older one who was born in 1785 in Hampshire County).  However, we

think he may have been baptized at an early date just before the family moved

to Pagham.  A few years later, the Pagham parish priest may have asked the

parents if he was baptized and if they couldn't remember specifically, the

ordinance may have been performed again, "just to make sure".  If so, he

was about four years old when he was christened for the second time. 

This is the only explanation we can think of but we have shown him here as

two different people since we really don't know the story and have found

records for two baptisms.]

William, Sr., the father of this family, farmed in Rose Green until his death. 

He was buried in Pagham parish on 10 June 1821.  The parish register

indicated that he was 73 years old at his passing.  That would mean he

was born about 1748.

The 1841 census was the first conducted in England.  In that census, they

recorded the correct ages of minor children but the ages of all adults were

rounded to the nearest 5 years.  In the Pagham census of Sussex County,

Enumeration Dist. #9 in Rose Green, page 1, [GS: 474,674], we find the


     Name                             Age

    William Bailey                   60

* Mary Bailey        80

    Eliz.th Bailey                     45

William Bailey (Jr.) was living in the same home with his Mother, Mary

Bailey, age 80; and his sister, Elizabeth Bailey about age 45.  We have no

record of Elizabeth ever marrying and the above census record seems to

confirm that.

William had previously married Emily Richards Suter of Pagham on 11 Oct.

1817.  At that time, William Jr. would have been about 36 years old.  His

bride had been married before to a Mr. Suter.  Seven years later there was

a burial of an Emily Bailey (age 36) of Rose Green.  She was buried in

Pagham on 1 Aug. 1824.  This would mean that she was born about 1788

and was seven years younger than William Jr.  We know of no children for

this couple.


The Mary Bailey, listed above at age 80, was the mother of our Joseph

Bailey.  At the time of the 1841 census, she had been widowed for 20

years.  She lived for another 10 years and died shortly before the 1851

census taker came around.  She was still living in Rose Green at the time

of her death.  She was buried in Pagham on 20 Mar. 1851.  The register

indicates that she was 93 years old at her passing.  From this we learn that

she was born about 1757.

Joseph Bailey, the son of William Sr. and Mary Bailey, was born in

Wymering, Hampshire County, as previously discussed and he was

christened in the St. Andrews parish in Farlington.  He was just a young lad

when the family moved to Pagham where he spent most of his life.

On 14 Oct. 1807, Joseph married Mary Edwards, the daughter of James

and Susanna Edwards of Pagham.  They made their first home in

Lagness, another small farming community within the Pagham parish. 

Joseph farmed here until 1821-22.  He then relocated his family to

Nytimber, just north of Pagham.  Joseph and Mary (Edwards) Bailey had

nine children christened in the Pagham parish [GS: 918,478]:

     Name            Christened                Spouse                   Married at

     Harriet           9 Aug 1808

* Joseph   17 Apr 1814    Sally Horner     Pagham

     Henry            4 Aug 1816           Mary Bulbeck               Pagham

     Lot               11 Oct 1818            Emily Crees                 Pagham

     Stephen      10 Sep 1820  

     George        20 Apr 1823            Sarah Gardner            Pagham

     Mary              9 Jul 1826

     James         24 Aug 1828           Fanny Hampshire        Pagham

     Anne           10 Oct 1830

The children came along about every two years in this family.  The obvious

gap between the first two children seems to indicate two miscarriages in this

family.  Just over two years after the last child was born, the Mother, Mary

Edwards Bailey, passed away in Nytimber and was buried in Pagham on 26

Jan. 1833.  As was so common back then, it seems most likely that she

died while giving birth to another child.  If so, the child was also lost as

there was no record of a christening.


Eight years later, when the 1841 census was conducted, this family was still

living in Nytimber.  Many of the older children were grown and gone but, on

page 11 of the Pagham census, we find the following family.  Joseph was

listed as an "Ag laborer".  He was a widower but three of his children, a

daughter-in-law and a grandson were living with him:

     Name                                   Age


* Joseph Bailey         55

    Emely Bailey (wife of Lot)       20

    Mary Bailey                             15

    James Bailey                          12

    Lot Bailey                                20

    Alfred Bailey (son of Lot)          2

The 1841 census taker was not too accurate in recording the place of birth

of all the inhabitants.  He listed everyone as being born in Sussex County. 

We know that is not correct.  In 1851 the census taker did better but it was

still not totally accurate.  He listed Joseph as being born in Pagham.  We

find Joseph on page 8 of the Pagham census.  He was still living in

Nytimber and farming as an "Ag laborer".  His youngest son, James was

still single and farming with him [GS: 193,557]:

     Name                      Relation     Condition     Age

* Joseph Bailey   head    widower  68

    James  Bailey             son          unmarried     22

The 1861 census is more informative.  Joseph, then listed as a 77 year old

widower, was boarding with a family in Village Street in Nytimber.  His job

was as an "Almsman" and an Ag laborer.  His duties as an Almsman may

have been to collect money for the poor, which may have included himself. 

This time, Joseph told the census taker that he was born in "Wimmering",

(Wymering) Hampshire County [GS: 542,672].

Joseph died the following year in West Hampnett, a small village next to

Nytimber and in the Pagham parish.  He was buried on 1 Apr. 1862 at 79

years of age.


Joseph Bailey II was born in Lagness and christened in Pagham parish

on 17 Apr. 1814.  He was almost 19 years old when his Mother died in

January 1833.  Later that year he married Sarah "Sally" (Horner) Binstead

on 7 Dec. 1833.  (Their marriage record does not give her maiden name.) 

Sally Horner had previously married Thomas Binstead but he died leaving

her a young 26 year old widow in 1832.  She had five children by her first

husband.  (See Chapter 9 for more on the Horner family.)

At age 19, Joseph took on a great responsibility with a new wife and her

children by her previous marriage.  At least two of her five children had

died by the time she married Joseph.  It was not long after their marriage

that a child of their own was on the way.  Between the years of 1834-48,

they had at least seven children of their own (perhaps 8).  Their first four

children were born while Jospeh and Sally were farming at Nytimber.  They

were christened in the Pagham parish:

      Name              Christened            Buried          Place

    Benjamin          29 Jun 1834      24 Aug 1841   Pagham

    Helen "Ellen"      1 May 1836

    Joseph III         14 Aug 1838      29 Aug 1841   Pagham

* Daniel     14 Jun 1840

It was just one year after the birth of this fourth child that the first census was

conducted in 1841.  At that time, this family was living in Nytimber

[Pagham, Enumeration Dist. # 9, page 12; GS: 474,674].  Again, this was

the census where the ages of all adults were rounded to the next 5 year

increment.  Joseph was listed as an "Ag laborer", born in Sussex.

     Name                                   Age

* Joseph Bailey         25

* Sally    "            35

    Benj.n          "                            7

    Joseph         "                           3

* Daniel   "             1

    Ellen            "                            5

    Fanny Binstead                       13


The Fanny Binstead listed above was a daughter of Sally Horner Binstead

Bailey, by her first husband.  We don't know where her other children were. 

Her son, William, lived and raised a family in Pagham.  Her youngest child,

Henry, died in 1832, just six months after his father.  Her second to the

youngest, Harriett, would have been just 11 years old at the time of this

census.  The fact that she was not living with her mother and is not

mentioned again, leads us to suspect that she too had died.  Sally's oldest

son, Thomas, would have been almost 17 years old and we don't know

what became of him.

Our ancestor, Daniel Bailey, was just learning to walk at the time of this

census, which took place on 8 June, 1841.  Just two months later, the two

oldest boys in this family, Benjamin and Joseph III both died and were

buried in Pagham in August.  

Early in 1842, Joseph and Sally had yet another child.  Eliza was born in

Pagham but the family was in the process of moving from the area so she

was not christened until they located in their new home in Selsey.  One can

imagine that with all the sickness and death this family had endured,

especially Sally, they were glad to move on to a new location and hoped for

a better future.  Selsey is a beautiful spot on the beach of the

southern-most tip of Sussex County.  It was a move of about four miles

from Nytimber.  Two of their children were christened in the Selsey parish

[GS: 919,098]:

     Eliza Bailey  21 Aug 1842

     Mary Jane Bailey  1 Sep 1844

The family then moved again.  About five miles north of Selsey and only

about two miles west of Nytimber, is the village of Sidlesham (pronounced --

Sigh-del-shum).  The Sidlesham parish register contains the christening of

one child for this family [GS: 919,100]:

     Stephen Bailey  24 Dec 1846

There is another interesting entry in the Sidlesham parish records.  On 31

Mar. 1852 there was a burial for a Charles Bailey, age 4 years, of

Sidlesham.  The only Bailey family that would have a young son of that age

would be our Joseph and Sally Bailey who were living there at that time. 


If young Charles was four years old in 1852 then he would have been born

about 1848, or about two years after the last known baby in this family.  We

find no christening record for him however.  Even more puzzling is that the

1851 census took place when young Charles would still have been alive

and about three years old.  We find the Joseph Bailey family listed in

Sidlesham but there is no Charles included in the family.  We will not list

him here as part of the family either but we wonder if he was another one of

Joseph and Sally's babies and if they had one more heartbreak when this

baby died.

Joseph and Sally seem to have finally found some measure of peace. 

They were close enough to visit their families back in Pagham but had a life

of their own in Sidlesham.  They both were still living there when the 1881

census was taken.  By then, Sally was 75 years old and Joseph was 67. 

Sally died sometime between 1881-85.  Joseph was buried in Sidlesham

on 1 Oct. 1885 at the age of seventy one.

Daniel Bailey was born in Nytimber and taken to the Pagham parish to

be christened on 14 June 1840.  He was the fourth child born to Joseph

Bailey and Sally Horner.  He was only 2 years old when the family moved

to Selsey and he was about 5 when they moved to Sidlesham.  He went by

the name of "Dan" throughout his life.  When he was old enough to seek

his fortune in the world, he worked his way around Chichester Harbour to

the hamlet of Chidham.  This tiny spot is on a peninsula that extends

southerly into Chichester Harbour and is about five miles west of the city of

Chichester.  Here Dan met and married Ruth Sparks on 4 Sep. 1859.

Ruth Sparks had a close relationship with her brother James Sparks and

their lives and families remained close.  This brother, James, and his

fiancée, Martha Maria Hutchins, were the witnesses at the wedding of Dan

and Ruth (Sparks) Bailey.  After the wedding, Dan and Ruth returned to

Sidlesham and began farming near his parents.  Their first two children

were christened in Sidlesham [GS: 919,100]:

     Name                               Christened         Buried

     Sarah Jane Bailey          12 Feb 1860     28 Aug 1862

     Daniel Bailey                  29 Sep 1861


The 1861 census for Sidlesham, was conducted on 13 Apr. 1861, prior to

the birth of the second child [GS: 542,672]:

     Name                Relation    Condition    Age     Birth

* Dan Bailey   head   married  20  Pagham

* Ruth Bailey  wife   married  22  Chidham

    Sarah J.                dau.                            1     Sidlesham

Just five months after this census, their second child was christened in

Sidlesham.  Within a year after that, their little girl, Sarah Jane died and

was buried there.

It seems that Ruth, like her Mother-in-law, didn't want to remain there after

the death of her little girl.  Her brother, James Sparks, had moved to

Portsmouth, Hampshire.  Dan and Ruth Bailey decided to follow him there

and seek a new life in the city.


In 1863, they located at #15 Kettering Terrace in the town of Landport in

Portsea, a suburb of Portsmouth.  They were members of the All Saints

parish.  Here they had at least four more children christened:

      Name                                Christened 

     William Bailey                   20 Mar 1864

     Emma Jane Bailey             4 Feb 1866

* Joseph Bailey      11 Dec 1870

     Kate Bailey                       11 Dec 1870

While it appears that Joseph and his sister, Kate may have been twins, this

is incorrect.  Joseph was actually born on 1 Feb. 1868 but his parents

didn't take him to be christened until his little sister was born and these two

children were christened together.

In the 1871 census for Portsea, Hampshire County, All Saints parish,

Enumeration Dist. #10, sub-dist. Kingston, page 3, [GS: 827,775] we find

our family still living at #15 Kettering Terrace.  Dan's occupation is difficult

to read but he was some kind of a laborer.  Most work in that area was

connected to the maritime work at the docks:




1871 Census:

     Name                    Relation      Condition      Age          Birthplace

* Dan Bailey     head    married   30     Sidlesham

* Ruth Bailey    wife    married   31     Chidham

    Daniel Bailey            son                                   9           Sidlesham

    William Bailey           son                                   7           Portsmouth

* Joseph Bailey  son                3     Portsmouth

     Kate                         dau                                  1            Portsmouth

From the above we see that not only are they missing the oldest daughter,

Sarah Jane, who died back in Sidlesham, but they are also missing Emma

Jane, who would have been about five years old at this time.

This census record is the last record we have found of this family.  With

little Kate being only one year old, and the parents in their early thirties, they

probably had additional children not known to us at this time.  However, we

searched the 1881 census and the family had moved from the area.  We

don't know where they moved next, what other children they may have had,

or what became of any of them except for their son, Joseph.  We also

wrote Portsmouth/Portsea to search the records of the old All Saints parish. 

They were unable to find any further mention of this family (christenings,

marriages or burials) other than what is shown above.

Joseph Bailey was born was born 1 Feb 1868 in Kingston, Portsea,

Hampshire County. [This date was recorded in his wife's family Bible, as

well as documented in the above birth certificate.]  He was almost three

years old when he was taken to the All Saints parish in Portsea, with his

younger sister, Kate, to be christened on 11 Dec. 1870 [Letter from

Portsmouth City Records Office, dated 27 Jan. 1993.]

Sometime in his youth, before 1881, Joseph moved away from

Portsea/Portsmouth with his family.  His parents had moved there to be

closer to his Mother's brother, James Sparks and his family.  James

Sparks moved to Southwick, Sussex Co., then to London for a short time,

and then back to Littlehampton in Sussex Co.  Perhaps the Baileys

followed them to that part of Sussex County.  We know that Joseph grew

up knowing his cousin, Sarah Sparks, the daughter of James and Martha

Maria Hutchins Sparks.  We have a photo of them taken in Littlehampton,

Sussex County just a few months prior to their marriage.



Joseph took a job in London as a train conductor.  He was living in

Battersea, in Wandsworth district, across the Thames River to the south of

Westminster when he was married to his first cousin, Sarah Jane Sparks,

on 16 Feb. 1889.  They continued to live in London, where their first two

children were born:

      Name                                    Birthdate          Birth place

     Joseph Reginald Bailey       23 Nov 1889     Kentish Town

     Fredrick William Bailey        11 Sep 1891     Malden Road

Joseph then changed jobs.  He became a steward on a ship that sailed

from London to Southampton and on to Liverpool; then back to London via

Southampton again.  Joseph realized that he could see his family twice as

often if they lived in Southampton as he would if he lived at either terminus. 

In about 1892, he moved his family from London to Southampton, where

they found a residence in Woolston, on the east side of the River directly

across from Southampton.  Here, their last two children were born:

     Name                                                   Birthdate              Birth place

     Leonard Harold Bailey                       29 Dec 1893         Woolston, Hamp.

* Lillian Florence Bailey    27 Feb 1896   Woolston, Hamp.

We are not certain what became of Joseph Bailey after that time.  The

children of Lillian Florence Bailey understood that Joseph was lost at sea

when his ship went down sometime around the turn of the century. 

However, the descendants of Leonard Harold Bailey had the family Bible of

Joseph's wife, Sarah Jane Sparks Bailey.  In it was a note that Joseph died

in New York Harbor in 1917.  If that is the case, then Joseph and his wife

did not live together for some time as she raised the children alone from the

time Lillian was about three years old.  (More will be given on this family in

the Sparks genealogy in Chapter 16.)  This Lillian Florence Bailey was the

grandmother of Bette McDonald Nebeker and was well known by her.



11                                                                                      HUTCHINS

[Pedigree chart #1]

The first record found of Thomas and Ann Hutchins (or Hutchings)

is for the christening of their son Thomas Hutchins in the St. Pancras parish

of the Church of England in Chichester, Sussex, England on 29 June 1789

[GS: 504,431].  We find no record of the marriage or birth of Thomas or

Ann but, we presume they grew up somewhere near the Chichester area.  

Chichester is the largest city in western Sussex County and it is a very old

town with a lot of history.  Anciently this area was occupied by the Regni

tribe before the Romans conquered "Britannia" and built their new town of

Noviomagus on the same site.

Following the Romans, the Saxon chief, Aella gave this ruined city to his

son Cissa.  It is believed that the city derived its name from "Cissa's

chester" (or Cissa's castle) which over the years became Chichester.  The

words: chester or caster (both of which are common endings of English

town names) meant "castle" or fortress.

From the hills along the South Downs, one can look down on Chichester

amid the fertile fields, marshes and wetlands along the eastern end of

Chichester Harbour.  Bishop Ralph, a Norman, began to build the old

cathedral here around 1091.  Its spire rises 277 feet high.  Still today, long

stretches of the original Roman wall can be seen around parts of the old


It was in this area that we have our Hutchins (or Hutchings) family roots. 

Within four years of the birth of their first known child, Thomas and Ann

Hutchins had moved from St. Pancras to a neighboring parish, St.

Bartholomew, but still in the city of Chichester.  Here they had three more

children christened.  We know of only four children for this family:


       Name                              Christened                   Parish in Chichester

*  Thomas Hutchins   29 Jun 1789        St. Pancras

      Elizabeth Hutchins          28 Sep 1793                   St. Bartholomew

      William Hutchins             18 Nov 1795                   St. Bartholomew

      Ann Hutchins                    1 Jul 1798                     St. Bartholomew

[A Thomas and Elizabeth (Briant) Hutchings (Huchings, Hutchens) family

was living in Selsey and Sidlesham parishes in the 1760s.  They had a son

named Thomas who was baptized in Selsey on 31 Jan. 1768.  This was

just 19 years before "our" earliest Thomas had his first known child

baptized.  However, this is just a wishful possibility and there is currently no

way to connect the Sidlesham Hutchings with our Thomas in Chichester.]

At this point, all we know of this first generation is that a Thomas and Ann

Hutchings had at least four children who were baptized in two different

parishes in Chichester.  They may have had additional children unknown

to us at this time.  Other than the registers kept by the various parishes

there were virtually no records of family relationships.  

Thomas and Ann’s oldest son, the young Thomas Hutchins (his name is

variously spelled but most often without the "g") grew up in Chichester during

the period of time that King George III was fighting bouts of insanity, the

French were rebelling against their monarchy and the Napoleonic wars were

devastating Europe.  To what extent these events involved him is not known

but all of Europe was affected and it is very possible that a young man of

fighting age may also have been taken far from his home.

If events, such as military service, did not interfere, it was common for a

young man to marry in his early twenties.  We find no record of any

marriage for Thomas at that time but we do find a record of a christening of

a baby boy named Thomas Hutchings, who was the son of a Thomas and

Elizabeth Hutchings in "St. Peter the Lesser" parish in Chichester on 15

May 1811 [GS: 504,431].  We can't be certain that the young father was

our Thomas Hutchings but the place and date make it a possibility.  We

find no more mention of the wife, Elizabeth, nor of the baby.  Whether they

died due to some epidemic or what became of them is left to speculation. 

We find no record of any other children by this Thomas and Elizabeth.  


Assuming this man was "our" Thomas Hutchins, he soon found himself a

single man again after the early death of his wife, Elizabeth.  Thomas had

to make a new life for himself.  Being close to the sea, one wonders if

perhaps he may have joined the navy.  In his area it was not uncommon for

young men to take up the life of a sailor.  

No further mention is found of him for the next 24 years, or until the

christening of a daughter, Henrietta Hutchings on 17 Feb. 1835 in "St. Peter

the Great", Subdeanery, Chichester.  The baptismal record shows that the

baby's mother was named Mary.  The family lived in the West Lane street

and the father, Thomas, by then was a baker by trade [GS: 1,468,999.  p.79].

On 31 Jan. 1837 this couple had another daughter baptized in the same

parish.  This girl received the name of Martha Maria Hutchings and

was our ancestor [GS: 1,468,999, p.113].

Within the following two years the family moved to the St. Martins parish in

Chichester where another daughter, Emma Jane was baptized on 10 Nov.

1839 but sadness struck this family eight months later when this little girl

was buried in the same parish on 7 July 1840 [GS: 1,468,998, p.24, 18]. 

In the 1841 census, our family was living at #1 Shamble Alley in the St.

Martins parish of Chichester, Enumeration District #5 p.7,  [GS: 464,164]:

     Name                           Age     Occupation          Where born

* Thomas Hutchins   50     baker       Sussex

* Mary              25                 Sussex

    Harriett                             6                                      Sussex

* Martha             4                 Sussex

It is obvious that Thomas was quite a bit older than his wife.  This lends

support to the presumption that he probably had an earlier family.  The

ages of the parents are not exactly correct but were rounded to the nearest

five year increment.  The birthplace of the Mother is also wrong (as we will

see in the 1851 census).  The oldest daughter was listed here by the

nickname of Harriett, although her real name was Henrietta.


The 1851 census finds them still living in the same location although the

house number was then given as #24 Shamble Alley.  The other

information provided appears to be more accurate than the previous census

[GS: 193,558  p.25]:

     Name                            Age    Occupation       Where born

* Thomas Hutchings  62   laborer   Sussex, Chichester

* Mary              37             Portugal (British Subj)

    Henrietta                         16                            Sussex, Chichester

* Martha            14             Sussex, Chichester

    George                            9                              Sussex, Chichester

    Edward                            7                              Sussex, Chichester

    Caroline                           5                              Sussex, Chichester

    Clara                                2                              Sussex, Chichester

    Sophia                          3 mos                          Sussex, Chichester

From the 1851 census we see that Thomas Hutchings, the father, was born

in Chichester about 1788.  The only Thomas Hutchings (including various

spellings of the name) who was baptized in Chichester in that time frame

was our Thomas Hutchings, the son of Thomas and Ann Hutchings who

was baptized there in 1789, as discussed above.

His wife, Mary, shows her place of birth as Portugal with the added

comment that she was a "British subject".  We don't know whether this

means she was born a British subject while her parents were living in

Portugal, or whether she become a British subject after moving to England

and perhaps after marrying her husband, Thomas Hutchings.  No record of

their marriage has been found in Chichester.  They could have married in


[There is a record of a man by the name of “Thomas Hutchings” marrying a

“Mary French” in Portsea, Hampshire at about the same time that this couple

may have married.  There is some tie of our family to the Portsea area but we

cannot prove that that Thomas and Mary were the same as our Thomas and



So far we have been unable to find this family in either the 1861 or 1871

census in any parish in Chichester.  We are not sure where they moved or

if they had any other children in the family.  It seems likely that the Father,

Thomas, may have died before the 1861 census (by then he would have

been 72 years old) and Mary probably moved her family closer to some of

her relatives. 

In the St. Martins parish in Chichester we find the baptisms of each of the

five youngest children with the exception of Edward.  Perhaps Edward was

baptized in another parish but it is obvious from the census record shown

above that Edward was a member of this family.  The St. Martins baptismal

records list the following children [GS: 1,468,998]:

        Name                                   Christened 

        George Henry Hutchings         17 Oct 1841     p. 26

        Caroline Hutchins                    29 Mar 1846     p. 31

        Clara Elizabeth Hutchins          3 Dec 1848      p. 32

        Sophia Hutchins                      19 Jan 1851      p. 35

As mentioned above, after their disappearance from Chichester, the family

may have moved to the area of Portsea/Portsmouth, in Hampshire county. 

We have a record of the marriage of their daughter Martha Maria Hutchings

to James Sparks in St. Marys parish in Portsea on 21 April 1860.  We also

find the names of other Hutchins or Hutchings there with names similar to

those of our family.  However, with such common given names we cannot

be certain that these are the same people.

In the 1861 census [GS: 542,674  p.28] for the "All Saints" parish in

Portsea, borough of Portsmouth, town of Landport in Hampshire county, we

find the newly married couple:

     Name                     Age    Occupation       Where born

*  James Sparks           29     blacksmith      Sussex, Chidham 

*  Martha M. Sparks     26     beefshaker      Sussex, Chichester


Martha's occupation is difficult to read in the census but appears to be that

of a "beefshaker".  It is not clear what that job was.  It is possible that her

duty was to shake the curing salt off of the beef hides at the slaughterhouse. 

If so, this was a very difficult job.  Not only was it very physically demanding

but it would also have been nauseatingly smelly. 

We find her listed with her children in the 1871 census in Southwick, New

Shoreham, Sussex but at that time Martha M. (Hutchins) Sparks was shown

as the head of the household with no mention of James.  We're not sure

where he was at that time but he may have had a job away from home.  In

the 1881 census they were living in Wick, near Lyminster and

Littlehampton, Sussex County.

We're not sure when or where Martha Maria Hutchings Sparks died.  Her

grandson, Leonard Bailey, came back to that area at the end of World War I

to visit some relatives he hadn't seen since he was a young boy.  Here in

Worthing, near Littlehampton, he found a wife, Edith Stanford, and they

were married in 1917.  His grandmother may have been the one he was

visiting in that area.  If she was still living, she would have been eighty

years old in 1917.  (More on Martha Maria Hutchings' family will be given in

Chapter 15 in the Sparks genealogy.)


12                                                                                                     NASH

[Pedigree charts #1 & 7]

Westbourne is both a town and a parish on the very western edge of Sussex

County.  It's about seven miles west of Chichester and within ten miles of

Portsmouth, Hampshire County.  Westbourne parish is a large one that is

located on the northern rim of Chichester Harbour.  It boarders on two

small parishes to the south: West Thorney and Chidham.  Both of these

small parishes lie on peninsulas that extend southward into Chichester

Harbour.  Each of these parishes is important in tracing our family history.

In the Westbourne parish we find the christening records for five children of

Stephen and Sarah Naish (or Nash).  Since we have not found the

marriage record for this couple, we do not know if they had other children

before their arrival in Westbourne.  Nor do we know where either of them

came from before they lived here.  The parish record lists the following

christenings for this family [GS: 919,103]:

    Name                              Christening

    Rebeckah Naish            26 Dec 1757

    Stephen Naish               24 Feb 1760

* James Naish       3 Jan 1762

    Elizabeth Naish              26 Dec 1763

    Flora Naish                      3 Dec 1769

Nothing else is known of this family at this time except that their son,

Stephen Naish (Jr.) was married in Westbourne parish to Mary Petty on 26

May 1782.  The family probably remained in the area throughout the rest of

their lives.

In the same parish record, we find the baptisms for a Stephen and Mary

Naish in 1774 and 1780.  These occurred before the marriage of Stephen

Jr. and we wonder if Stephen (Sr.) might have had a second family.  We

have not found a record for such a marriage, nor for a burial of his first wife,



James Naish grew up in Westbourne but as a young man he met Mary

Stone and they were married on 12 Oct. 1783 in West Thorney, the parish

just to the south, on a peninsula in Chichester Harbour.  We have tried to

trace Mary's ancestry but we found a Mary Stone christened in Slaugham

and another in Felpham parish at about the same time (about 1763). 

There may well have been others by that same name.  Without more to go

on we have not been able to determine where our Mary Stone came from.

After their marriage, James and Mary returned to Westbourne and the

following ten children were christened there:

     Name                      Christening

    James Nash           10 Mar 1784

    Mary Naish             19 Jun 1785

    Ann Nash               15 Nov 1787

    William Nash          30 May 1790

    George Nash          12 Nov 1792

* Sarah Nash     8 Mar 1795

    Elizabeth Nash       14 May 1797

    Jenny Nash            14 Aug 1799

    Ann Nash                31 Jan 1802

    Emma Nash            30 Jun 1805

The oldest child, James (Jr.) lived only a few days.  He was buried on 20

Mar. 1784.  Their third child, Ann, lived for only a year and a half.  She was

buried in Westbourne on 19 May 1790.  It appears this family may have

had another baby boy who they names James.  This infant may not have

lived long enough to be christened as we find no record of that in the parish. 

However, we do find a burial record for another James, the son of James

and Mary Nash on 22 Apr. 1803.

Sarah (Jane) Nash presents a bit of a question mark in our research yet

we are confident we have the right person.  At her baptism (shown above)

she was listed only as "Sarah Nash" but we are confident this is the same

person who, throughout her life, went by the name of "Jane".  She grew up

in Westbourne where she met and married James Sparks (Sr.) on 8 Dec.

1818.  In her marriage record her name was given as "Jane Nash".  


After their marriage this couple seems to have moved briefly to Binsted

parish.  Here their first child, Maria Anne Sparks was born but instead of

christening her there, they returned home to have her baptized near their

families in Westbourne parish on 3 Oct. 1819.  The record contains a note

that the family was from Binsted [GS: 919,103].

At some point between 1820-29, the family then appears to have moved to

Chidham.  This is the town where James Sparks grew up and where his

family still lived.  Again, this is just south of Westbourne, on another

peninsula in Chichester Harbour.  The parish records for Chidham have

some large gaps and we are sure this family had some children during this

decade but we have been unable to identify them because of the missing

information in the parish register.

The first British census was conducted in 1841.  At that time this family was

living in Chidham.  We will provide more detail in Chapter 15 with the

Sparks genealogy but here we will only cover the wife, Jane Sparks.  In

1841 the ages of the adults were rounded to the next five year increment, as

previously mentioned.  Jane was shown as being 45 years old and born in

Sussex County.  Along with her husband, James Spark(e)s, four children

were listed ranging in ages from 12 down to 2 [GS: 474,674].

The 1851 census is much more helpful.  Here Jane was listed as a widow,

and the head of the household.  She was 56 years old and said she was

born in Westbourne, Sussex.  Five children were still living with her ranging

in age from 17 down to 9 [GS: 193,560].

The 1861 census agrees with the age shown above by listing her as a 66

years old widow who earned her livelihood as a "Charwoman" or a chore

woman, keeping house and performing other odd jobs to maintain the

homes of others.  One unmarried son was still living with her and working

as an "Ag laborer".  However, in this census she was shown as being born

in Binsted.  No other census records were found for her and she may have

died between 1861-71, and probably in Chidham.


From the information provided in the above census records, we knew that

"Jane" was born about 1795 in either Westbourne or Binsted.  (It should be

remembered that this family lived in Binsted for a short time after their

marriage.  It could be that she misunderstood the question and told the

census-taker where they lived just before coming to Chidham.)

We searched both parishes and found nothing in Binsted that came close to

our "Jane Nash".  In Westbourne, however, we found the Nash/Naish

families shown above, including the christening for a "Sarah Nash" on 8

Mar. 1795.  The time and place was right but the first names did not quite


We then noticed that this woman had two granddaughters named "Sarah

Jane" and we began to suspect that her name was also Sarah Jane. 

At her christening, only her first name was recorded but as she grew, we

believe, she may have chosen to use her middle name instead.  There is

still an element of speculation in this but we feel confident that our "guess"

is correct.

We looked next at the names she gave to her children.  It was common to

name children after one's own brothers and sisters.  Remember that we

have a gap of ten years in her family and do not know all the names she

gave to her earlier children.

        James Naish's Children             Jane Nash Spark's Children

            James                                            Maria Anne

            Mary                                               Mary

            Ann                                                James

            William                                           George

            George                                           Ruth

            Sarah                                            Emma





Most of the above names were fairly common, except for Emma.  But even

with such common names, these two lists match up surprisingly well.  This

does not prove Sarah Nash and Jane Nash were the same person, but we

feel confident they were.



13                                                                                     SANDFORD

[Pedigree chart #6]

Slindon is a parish on the north side of Walberton and Binsted parishes. 

Here lived Robert Sandford and Elizabeth Voke.  We're not sure

where they came from before arriving here but both of them would have

been born about 1690.  Our first record of them is for their marriage on 6

Sep. 1712 in Slindon.  The following children of this couple were christened

in this parish [GS: 919,094]:

      Name                                        Christening

     Mary          (dau)                        1 Aug 1714

* Sarah   (dau)         21 Feb 1718

    Jane           (dau)                      16 Dec 1721

    Ann            (dau)                      22 Jan 1723/4

    Jone           (dau)                      28 Sep 1725

    William       (son)                      16 Dec 1728

    Susan         (dau)                      15 Aug 1730

The last child, Susan, lived only about three weeks and was buried in

Slindon on 6 Sep. 1730.  The mother, Elizabeth Sandford, also appears

not to have been able to recuperate from the effects of this last birth.  She

was buried two months later, on 12 Nov. 1730 in Slindon.  

The Father, Robert Sandford, married a second time but we don't know

where.  His next wife's name was Mary _________ and they married

sometime between 1731-33.  They too made their home in Slindon where

the following children were christened:

    Name                           Christening

    Hannah     (dau)          4 Apr 1734

    Martha      (dau)         15 Jul 1736

    Richard     (son)          Mar 1737/8

    Thomas     (son)          2 Dec 1739

    Abraham   (son)         27 Jun 1742


Little else is known of this family other than the above information.  Robert

Sandford would have been in his early fifties at the time of the birth of this

last known child.  He probably remained in Slindon for the rest of his life.

Sarah Sandford, the second daughter of Robert and Elizabeth (Voke)

Sandford, was christened in Slindon on 21 Feb. 1718.  While she grew up

in this area with her other sisters and one brother, she had moved to

Chidham by the time she was 21 years old.  Here she met and married a

young man named Henry Wakeford III on 9 Oct. 1739 [GS: 919,103].  He

was probably a cousin of hers since his mother was a Mary Sandford, who

married Henry Wakeford II in Rumboldswyke parish, near Chichester on 20

July 1714 [GS: 504,434].  Two young children were born to Henry III and

Sarah Sandford Wakeford and christened in Chidham:

        Henry Wakeford IV          10 Jul 1740

        Thomas Wakeford           28 Jan 1741/2

Her husband, Henry Wakeford, then died and was buried there on 22 July

1742.  For two years she raised her two boys alone.  Then she met

George Sparks Jr.  He had recently moved to Chidham from Catherington,

Hampshire County.  They were married in Rumboldswyke parish on 16

Sep. 1744.  [Rumboldswyke was on the south side of Chichester and

Chidham parish was a subordinate parish connected to it.]  Her name was

recorded as "Sarah Wakeford" in the parish register at the time of this

wedding.  This couple had six children christened in Chidham:

       Joyce        Sparks                23 Dec 1744

*  George  Sparks III   2 Nov 1746

       William     Sparks                10 Feb 1748

       Mary         Sparks                27 Jan 1750/1

       John         Sparks                31 Oct 1753

       Robert      Sparks                11 Apr 1756

Sarah Sandford Wakeford Sparks lived to see both of her families raised. 

She outlived her second husband by 19 years and died in Chidham at the

age of 69.  She was buried there on 22 Oct. 1787.  (More will be given on

this family in the Sparks genealogy in Chapter 15.)


14                                                                                         DIAPER

[Pedigree chart #6]

For our earliest known Diaper and Sparks ancestors, we will again return to

Hampshire County.  The parish of Burlesdon is about four miles southeast

of Southampton.  Here we find the first reference to our Diaper ancestors

when Richard Diaper married Mabel Warner on 25 May 1687 [GS:

1,595,838 & 538,936].  {In the IGI (International Genealogical Index), this

marriage was incorrectly recorded as 1607 but in going to the original parish

record it is obvious that the date was actually 1687.}

The fact that they were only married here and then immediately began their

family in South Stoneham parish, just to the north, may indicate that Mabel

was from Burlesdon parish, and Richard may have been from South

Stoneham but no other references could be found in either parish for either

of their families.

Richard and Mabel (Warner) Diaper had the following three children

christened in South Stoneham [GS: 1,041,740]:

     Name                                  Christening

* Anne Diaper         14 Jun 1688

    Richard Diaper                    25 May 1691

    Mary Diaper                         14 Jun 1696

Just about a month before this last child was christened we find the

following burial record in this parish:

    Richard Diaper                    2 May 1696

Anne was just eight years old when her father died and Mary was a tiny

infant, if indeed, she was even born.  Mabel was now left as a young widow

with her children.


Mary, the youngest child, did not live long.  She was buried in South

Stoneham on 25 June 1696, when only a few weeks old.

We're not sure how Mabel supported herself and her two remaining children

after this time or if she remarried.  We find the marriage record of her son,

Richard (Jr.) on 27 Dec 1716 in Jesus Chapel in Southampton.  Here he

married Margaret Powell and they raised a family of five children there.

Anne Diaper found her way to Catherington, a small town and parish

about 12-13 miles to the east of South Stoneham.  It may be that she had

and uncle and cousins here who helped her get a start in life.  Five years

after her own marriage, we find the marriage of an "Elizabeth Diaper of this

parish" in Catherington.  We do not know of any close relative (sister) by

that name.

Catherington is only about four miles from the Sussex County line and the

parish of Westbourne, Sussex.  While living in this parish, Anne met the

Sparks family and fell in love with a young man named George Sparks. 

They were both about 25 years old when they married on 6 April 1713 in

Catherington [GS: 918,891].  (More will be given on this family in the

Sparks family genealogy in Chapter 15.)


15                                                                                                 SPARKS

[Pedigree charts #1 & 6]

The parish to the west of Catherington and just about five miles from the

Sussex County border, is Hambledon.  The village of Hambledon is

considered to be the home of the game of Cricket.  The Hambledon Cricket

Club, founded in 1760, plays on the "Broadhalfpenny Down" two miles

northeast of town.  Our Sparks family was living there about a century


Edward Sparks (or Sparkes) is our earliest known ancestor in this line. 

He was born about 1650-60 but we're not sure where.  We find him first at

his wedding in Hambledon, Hampshire County, on 11 Dec. 1680 where he

married Elizabeth (or Elisabell) Courtnell [GS: 1,041,205].

We have not been able to identify the parents of either of these two people. 

Since they married in Hambledon but moved immediately to Catherington,

which may be an indication that Elizabeth was from Hambledon, while

Edward was probably from Catherington.  They had the following seven

children christened in the parish at Catherington, Hampshire County [GS:


     Name                                   Christening

    Edward Sparks (Jr.)            12 Mar 1681/2

    Thomas Sparks                   30 Oct 1684

    Joseph Sparks                    24 Nov 1686

* George Sparks       22 Jan 1687/8

    Robert Sparks                     21 Jul 1689

    Elizabeth Sparks                 12 Nov 1693

    Richard Sparks                   24 May 1696

From the above record, one would guess that this family probably had

another baby, who did not survive long enough to be christened, in about

1691.  No record of any child exists however.  One can also imagine how

happy they were to finally have a daughter to go along with all those sons.


Ten years after the birth of this youngest child, we find the burial record of

Elizabeth, the wife of Edward Sparkes, on 31 March 1706 in Catherington

parish.  Eight years after that, in the same parish, was the burial of Edward

Sparkes on 2 May 1714.

It appears that suddenly, all the Sparks family, except for George Sparks,

moved from the area.  We don't know where they went but it may have

been south, to Gosport, near Portsmouth.  There was an Edward Sparks

who was married there in 1706.

George Sparks is the only one of the children of Edward and Elizabeth

(Courtnell) Sparks, who we can trace.  George remained in Catherington. 

Here he eventually married Anne Diaper on 6 April 1713 (see Chapter 14).

George and Anne (Diaper) Sparks had nine children christened in


     Name                                         Christening

* George Sparks (Jr.)    10 Jan 1713/4

    Anne Sparks                             16 Oct 1715

    Elizabeth Sparks                       19 Jan 1717/8

    Mary Sparks                                8 Nov 1719

    John Sparks                              18 Feb 1721/2

    William Sparks                          13 Dec 1724

    Sarah Sparks                              7 May 1727

    Thomas Sparks                         30 Jan 1729/30

    Edward Sparks                          20 Aug 1732

We're not sure what became of George (Sr.) and Anne Sparks, nor of any of

their children, except for George (Jr.).

George Sparks (Jr.) was born in Catherington about January 1714. 

As a young man he left home and found his way to Chidham, Sussex

County, about four miles west of Chichester.  Here he met Sarah Sandford

Wakeford, a young widow with two small children (see Chapter 13). 

Although George was 31 years old, we don't know of any earlier marriage or

family for him. 


He and Sarah fell in love but instead of marrying in Chidham, they went to

Rumboldswyke parish, on the south side of Chichester, to be married on

16 Sep 1744 [GS: 416,749 & 504,434].  Their marriage entry indicates that

both husband and wife were from Chidham at that time.  After the wedding,

they returned home to Chidham where their six children came along in rapid

succession [GS: 1,364,153]:

     Name                                      Christening

    Joyce Sparks                         23 Dec 1744

* George Sparks (III)   2 Nov 1746

    William Sparks                       10 Feb 1748

    Mary Sparks                          27 Jan 1750/1

    John Sparks                           31 Oct 1753

    Robert Sparks                        11 Apr 1756

The oldest child, Joyce, died and was buried in Chidham on 12 July 1754

not yet ten years old.  We don't know what became of William and Mary. 

The two youngest boys both married girls in the neighboring village of

Bosham in 1780.

When little Robert was 12 years old, his father, George Sparks Jr. was

buried in Chidham on 23 Jan 1768.  He was 55 years old when he died. 

Their mother lived for another 19 years and died in Chidham at age 69. 

She was buried on 22 Oct. 1787.

George Sparks (III) was born in Chidham in 1746.  He spent his

entire life there.  He married first, Mary Plat (Platt) on 17 Apr. 1774.

[We tried to trace the Plat/Platt genealogy and felt we had great success for

about two centuries in the Westbourne parish.  Then we discovered there

was another Mary Platt christened there who married a man named William

New in Westbourne in 1776 and died in childbirth that same year.  We

believe this was the Mary Platt we were researching and a different person

than our Mary Plat.  Plat/Platt was a common name in the Westbourne area

and we suspect we are related to that family but have not been able to identify

"our" Mary Plat properly so will not give any information on that family here.]


George and Mary (Plat) Sparks had the following eight children baptized in

the Chidham parish:

     Name                                    Christening

    George Sparks (IV)              18 Dec 1774

    Henry Sparks                         7 Jul 1776

    William Sparks                     18 May 1778

    Mary Ann Sparks                   4 Jun 1780

* James Sparks        23 Jul 1781

    Ambrose Sparks                    6 Jun 1784

    Thomas Sparks                   27 Aug 1786

    Joseph Sparks                     25 Jul 1790

The oldest child, George (IV) was buried in Chidham on 11 June 1781 at

age six and a half.  The other children appear to have lived to adulthood. 

Most of them married in Chidham or Westbourne and remained close by.

The Mother, Mary (Plat) Sparks was buried in Chidham parish on 23 Feb.

  1. 1800. George then lived alone for 11 years before he married again on

19 June 1811 in Chidham.  His second wife was Hannah Wheeler of

Aldingbourne.  This couple had one daughter, Hannah Sparks, who was

christened in Chidham on 14 July 1811.  George was almost 65 years old

when this little girl was born.  We don't know what became of George after

this date.

James Sparks, the son of George (III) and Mary (Plat) Sparks was born in

Chidham in 1781.  Here he grew to manhood but when it came time to

seek a wife, he went to the neighboring parish of Westbourne where he

married "Jane Nash" on 8 Dec. 1818 (see Chapter 12).

James and Jane (Nash) Sparks made their first home in Binsted parish for

a very short time.  Here, their first child, Maria Anne Sparks, was born but

they brought her back to her Mother's parish to have her christened in

Westbourne on 3 Oct. 1819.  The record notes that the family was from


We think this family then moved back to Chidham, where James' family still

lived.  The Chidham parish records have a large gap in them during the

next few years.  We find nothing further on this family for the space of 22



During that time, their oldest child, Maria Anne, and perhaps others,

could have grown to maturity.  Many English children left home to join the

work force by their mid-teens.

The next record of our family was in the 1841 census of Chidham

[Enumeration Dist. #6, p.11 -- GS: 474,674]:

     Name                        Age         Work                  Place of Birth

* James Sparkes   55     Ag labor     Sussex

* Jane     "      45                  Sussex

     Mary           "              12                                       Sussex

* James    "       8                  Sussex

    George        "                5                                       Sussex

* Ruth     "       2                  Sussex

Mary, the oldest child still living at home, was 12 years old in 1841.  That

means she was born about 1829.  Since we know they had their first child,

Maria Anne, in 1819, there is a gap of ten years we know nothing about. 

Children over the age of 15 or 16 could have been working out at other

farms away from home.  We are sure there would have been other children

born during those ten years but we don't know their names, nor how many

of them survived.

Just two pages later in the 1841 census, there was a young girl named

Sophia Sparkes, age 20, living with another family.  We are not sure where

this young girl fits into our Sparks family but it is very possible she may have

been a daughter of our James and Sarah Sparks.  [In the next generation,

young James Sparks Jr. named one of his daughters "Ethel Sophia".]

In the 1851 census for Chidham [GS: 193,560], we find the family still living

in the same area with some changes:

     Name                    Relation   Age       Work           Place of Birth

* Jane Sparks   widow   56            Sux, Westbourne

* James Sparks   son    17  Ag labor  Sux, Chidham

    George Sparks         son         15    Ag labor         Sux, Chidham

* Ruth Sparks    dau    12            Sux, Chidham

    Emma Sparks          dau           9                          Sux, Chidham


From this we learn that the father, James Sparks, died sometime between

1842-51, probably in Chidham.  He also had a daughter, Emma born about

1842 in Chidham, listed here for the first time.  Jane, his widow, gave her

age and place of birth.  As discussed in Chapter 12, her name was given

as Sarah Nash, at her christening but was probably Sarah Jane Nash in

reality.  She went by "Jane" throughout her life.

We descend from two of the children in this family: James (Jr.) and also

from his sister, Ruth.  These census records are very important in proving

our family ties, particularly in light of the missing parish records in Chidham.

The 1861 census was the last to list Jane (Nash) Sparks.  At that time, she

was a 66 year old "Charwoman" living with her single son, George.  He was

an Ag (farm) laborer.  They were living next to the "Railway Gate House" in

Chidham [GS: 542,674].  Jane probably died sometime between 1861-71.

Ruth Sparks (1839) was the daughter of James Sparks and Sarah Jane

Nash.  She was born and raised in Chidham.  When she was twenty years

old, Daniel Bailey from Sidlesham (see Chapter 10) came to Chidham and

they were married on 4 Sep. 1859.  The witnesses for their wedding were

her brother, James Sparks and his future wife, Martha Maria Hutchings.  It

appears that Ruth and her brother, James, were quite close throughout

their lives.

As discussed in Chapter 10, Ruth and Dan Bailey went first to Sidlesham to

live but after the death of their child they left that area and moved to

Landport, near Portsmouth, Hampshire County where her brother, James

and his wife were living.

One of her children was a son named Joseph Bailey who was our direct

progenitor and the father of Reginald, Fredrick, Leonard and Lillian

Florence Bailey.

James Sparks (Jr.) (1832-34) was born in Chidham, the son of James

and Sarah Jane (Nash) Sparks and the brother of Ruth Sparks.  James

met and fell in love with Martha Maria Hutchings of Chichester.  They were

probably engaged in 1859 when they were asked to witness the marriage of

his sister, Ruth.


At about that time, the Hutchins/Hutchings family seems to have moved

from Chichester to Portsmouth (see Chapter 11).  James followed after his

fiancee' and they were married on 21 April 1860 in St. Marys, Portsea,


In the 1861 census for Hampshire County, Borough of Portsmouth, town of

Landport, in All Saints parish, p.28 [GS: 542,674] we find this young couple

with the following information:

         Name                  Relation   Age      Occupation            Place of Birth

*   James Sparks  head   29   blacksmith    Sux, Chidham

*   Martha M. "   wife   26   beefshaker(?) Chichester

With a marriage in 1860, we might expect their first child to have been born

about 1861 but no record of such has been found.  The first known child of

this couple was born in 1863 so there would have been time for an earlier

child who may not have lived long enough to be christened.


It also seems that this family may not have been quite as diligent in having

their children baptized.  While their first known child, Henry James Sparks,

was born in Portsmouth in 1863, he was not taken to the church for his

baptism till they lived in Southwick, Sussex County, two years later.  We

can also find a record of baptism for the first three children only and none

others [GS: 919,098]:

     Name              Date & place of birth                          Christened

    Henry James                    1863  Portsmouth           22 Jan 1865 Southwick

    Henrietta Maria                 1865  Southwick             22 Jan 1865 Southwick

* Sarah Jane   6 Jul 1866 Southwick     5 Aug 1866 Southwick

    Frederic W.                       1869  Southwick

    George                              1872  Southwick

    John "Jack"                       1875  London

    Edward Louis       30 Jan  1878  Littlehampton,  East Preston

    Ethel                                  1880  Wick, Sussex

The information of the other children in this family came from the 1871,

1881 and 1891 census records.  From the above listing, we see that the

family did not stay in Portsmouth for long.  Sometime between 1863-65

they moved to Southwick, Sussex County where they stayed for about ten

years.  They then made a short stop in London for a couple years and

returned to Sussex County but lived for a time in Littlehampton and then in

Wick (or Lyminster parish).

In the 1871 census we find them living at #227 White Rock Rd. in the town

of Southwick, New Shoreham district [GS: 827,503 p.36]:

     Name                Relation    Age              Place of Birth

* Martha M.    head    35      Chichester, Sux

    Henry J.                son            8              Portsmouth, Hamp

    Henrietta               dau            6             Southwick, Sux

* Sarah J.      dau     4      Southwick, Sux

    Frederic                 son            2             Southwick, Sux

There is no mention of the father but he must have been away working

someplace at this time.  In subsequent census records he was again found

living with his family.


In the 1881 census, the family was living at 197 East Town Villas, in the

village of Wick (near Arundel), in the parish of Leominster (Lyminster) and

as shown below [GS: 1,341,274]:

      Name    Relation        Age        Occupation          Place of Birth

* James   head     47    Blacksmith   Chidham, Sux

* Maria   wife     44                 Chichester, Sux

    Henry         son            18           Sawyer               Portsmouth, Hamp

    Fred.k        son             12          Scholar               Southwick, Sux

    Geo.          son               9              "                      Southwick, Sux

    John          son               6              "                      London, Mddsx

    Edw.d        son               3              "                      Wick, Sux

    Ethel         dau               1               "                      Wick, Sux

Our Sarah Jane Sparks, who would have been about 14-15 at that time was

not listed with the family.  However, back in Littlehampton, Sussex

[Enumeration Dist. #10. p.75 - GS: 134,274] we find a Samuel and Ruth

Smith running a boarding house.  Living with them is a 14 year old girl

named "Sarah Sparks", an unmarried house servant, born in Southwick,

Sux.  We know that our family lived in Littlehampton for a time and Sarah

probably made the acquaintance of this family.  Wick, where her parents

lived, was not a long ways away but, for a 14 year old girl to be living away

from home and working as a domestic servant in a boarding house, seems

to be a tough life by today's standards.

In the 1891 census, the family was in Lyminster parish, near Littlehampton

[GS: 6,095,948 #3 of 4].  They are on page 6 of this census, living at #27

Beaconsfield Road:

     Name      Relation    Age      Occupation              Place of Birth

* James   head    57   Shop smith     Chidham, Sux

* Maria   wife    57                  Chichester, Sux

    John          son           16        apprentice               London

    Ethel          dau           11       scholar                     Lyminster, Sux

    Edward      son           13       not employed           Lyminster, Sux

We do not find them again after the 1891 census.  They may have stayed

here until their deaths.  As mentioned in an earlier chapter, their grandson,

Leonard Bailey (son of Sarah Jane Sparks Bailey) came back to this area

after he fought in World War I.  He found a wife, Edith Stanford, and was

married on 24 Dec. 1917 at Worthing, less than 10 miles east of Lyminster. 

If his grandparents were still living then, they would have been about 80-84

years old.  It seems likely that Leonard came to this area to visit his

Grandparents or his Uncles and Aunts.


Sarah Jane Sparks Bailey

Sarah Jane Sparks Bailey

Dressed in her nurses uniform