Our Bartlett Family


Joseph, John, Caleb, Nicholas, Lucy


Lionel Nebeker

The following is a brief overview of our Bartlett family line in the early days of Massachusetts.  This family moved westward, intermarrying with our Morton ancestors and eventually resulting in us.  Some of the early documents of the family were had in the public records, as shown below, but very recently we were able to make the connection between our later Bartletts and those who came earlier.  References will be given for much of the information shown below, but the following two sources should be especially reviewed in conjunction with this family.

A Genealogy of the Descendants of Joseph Bartlett of Newton, Mass. For Seven Generations. By Aldis Everard Hibner. Rutland, VT; Tuttle Co. 1934.  

See also the Vital Records of: Cambridge, MA; Newton, MA; Southborough, MA; and Groton, MA.

Joseph Bartlett came from England.  Despite the fact that some Ancestral File & IGI submissions indicate that he may have been the son of a Richard Bartlett of Plymouth, MA, there is no confirmation of this, and in fact, it appears that he came directly from England and not from Richard Bartlett.  The book cited above gives his wife as Mary Waite (Wayte) and that is also confirmed in the Cambridge, MA Vital Records.   (Newton, MA was originally a part of Cambridge, known as Cambridge Meadows, until it separated from that town and changed its name to Newton.)  Joseph Married Mary Wayte on Oct. 27, 1668.  The Cambridge and Newton Vital Records list the births of their children—four daughters and two sons: Joseph & John.  Their children seemed to have remained in the Newton area.  (We will not give a full account of each of their children in this brief over-view, see the family group records for all of their family, available from the Family History Center in Salt Lake, Utah.  However, here we will list only our direct ancestors for each succeeding generation.)

John Bartlett, the youngest son of Joseph and Mary Wayte Bartlett, was born in Newton sometime after 1676 and died 9 Dec. 1721.  He married Patience (Pacenc) ______ (maiden name unknown, although some have speculated that her maiden name may have been Cady, but no one can give any proof for that and it seems to be more wishful thinking than provable reality.)  Newton, MA Vital Records list the births of their children (also the book mentioned above covers the genealogy of this branch of the family).  On Jan. 24, 1716/17 John purchased his brother’s interest in their father’s estate.  He and Patience had nine children born in Newton, MA.— 4 sons and 5 daughters.  (See Newton, MA Vital Records.) 

Caleb Bartlett, the youngest son of John & Patience Bartlett was born in Newton, MA on 17 Nov. 1716.  While most of the children of John & Patience remained in, or near Newton, Caleb disappeared from those records early and was not heard of again in Newton.  However, he showed up in Southborough, Worcester, MA, where he married Abigail Shattuck on 30 June 1738 (Southborough, MA Vital Records).  We are not absolutely sure of the names of her parents at this time, but the only other record in Southborough for any Shattucks was a record of the death of “Mary Shuttuck, widow of John” on 4 June, 1760 in Southborough.  We feel confident that this “John Shuttuck” was Abigail’s father, but his wife, Mary, could have been a second wife and not necessarily the mother of Abigail. 

Shortly after Caleb’s marriage he seems to have moved to Shirley, MA, where his two living brothers (Nicholas & William) had previously moved.  He is listed as the owner of a home in Shirley in 1742 in “Shirley Uplands and Intervals”.  He was still there on 1 Mar. 1747 when he signed his name to a petition to separate the town of Groton from Shirley at that time (see: Farwell Ancestral Memorial: Henry Farwell of Concord and Chelmsford, Mass and all his Descendant, by David Parsons Holtan. N.Y.  D.P. Holton. 1879; and also Gazetteer of Hampshire Co., MA. By W.B. Gay, Syracuse, N.Y. W.B. Gay & Co. 1879.  See also, History of Hadley by Sylvester Judd, Springfield, MA.  H.R. Huntting & Co., 1905). 

This date (1747) is critical as our next ancestor (Nicholas Bartlett, the son of this Caleb) says in his Revolutionary War Pension application (completed in 1832 in Onondaga Co., NY) that he was born in Groton in 1747, which works well since we know that his father, Caleb, was living there at that time.  Additionally, we know the children of Caleb’s two brothers, Nicholas and William and they do not include a Nicholas who was born in 1747.  In fact, Caleb’s oldest brother, Nicholas, died in 1743 in Groton; and the other brother, William, who had the births of all his children recorded in the records of Shirley, MA, had a daughter named Joanna, born 17 Feb. 1747 in Shirley, and no record of any son “Nicholas”, either in that year, or at any time.  This confirms that our Nicholas then, was the son of Caleb Bartlett of Groton, MA in 1747. 

Caleb then disappears from the records again.  By this time he probably had several children but no record for the births of any of them has survived.  He seems to have migrated westward to Amherst, MA, probably about 1750, and thereafter removed to Hadley, MA where he remained for the rest of his life.  There is a note in Judd’s History of Hadley that says “Caleb Bartlett came from Amherst in 1755, and had the care of the farm of the widow of Capt. Moses Porter a few years.  He afterwards built a house, which is still standing (in 1863) a little north of that of Deacon Jason Stockbridge.  David Stockbridge, an enterprising man, came in 1779, and lived in the house of his father-in-law, Caleb Bartlett.  Deacon Jason Stockbridge was born 1780 in the house built by Caleb Bartlett.”

Caleb Bartlett appears on a list of inhabitants with a valuation of 52 pounds, 3 shillings, 2 pence with two persons (“polls” – adults) in 1770.  (See History of Hadley: Including the Early History of Hatfield, South Hadley, Amherst and Granby, MA by Sylvester Judd.  Springfield, MA.  H.R. Huntting & Co., 1905, pp 424-425.)

Caleb had a daughter named “Patience” (named after his mother).  She married David Stockbridge.   They lived in Whatley, Franklin County, MA for a while but then lived mostly in Hadley, Hampshire Co., MA.  This Patience and our Nicholas are the only two children we know of for Caleb and Abigail Bartlett, but they surely had others. 

Nicholas Bartlett, the son of Caleb and Abigail (Shattuck) Bartlett, was born in 1747 while the family was still living in Groton (see his military pension application in Revolutionary Soldiers Resident or Dying in Onondaga County, N.Y.  by William Martin Beauchamp, Syracuse, N.Y.: McDonnell Co., 1913, p.200). 

As mentioned above (in the record of his father, Caleb Bartlett) the family left Groton about 1750.   At that time, Nicholas would have been a very young boy—about three years old.  They moved first to Amherst, MA where they lived for only about five years and then moved again to Hadley, MA in 1755.  Here Nicholas grew to manhood.  Here too he married Mary Morton on 14 Nov. 1771 (see vital records of Hadley, MA).  She was the daughter of Jonathan and Eleanor Smith Morton, and was born in Hatfield, MA on 15 Dec. 1747.

Nicholas and Mary had three little girls, followed by a son. The oldest child, Lucy Bartlett, was born in 1772 in Hatfield, MA.  The three daughters were born shortly before the beginning of the Revolutionary War, and the son was born during that fight.  It was this daughter, Lucy, who married a first cousin once removed, by the name of Elijah Morton, from whom we descend.  

It was only three and a half years after his marriage that the Battle of Lexington began the American Revolution.  Nicholas, along with many young men of his age, grabbed his rifle and, as one of the “minute men” hurried off to help defend the colonists from British aggression (see his application for pension for service rendered in this military effort—a transcript of which is attached in the Military records in the “Memorial Chapel” of this web-site).  Nicholas was about 28 years old when he volunteered for his military service.

Following the Revolutionary War, in the 1790 US Census for Hampshire County, MA, the name of Nicholas Bartlett appears in the town of Amherst, MA.  He had one male over age 16 (himself), one male under 16 (his 12 year old son, Caleb), and three females.  Also, in the same county is an Abigail Bartlett (probably his widowed mother) and a Samuel Bartlett living near Abigail (probably a brother of Nicholas and a son of Caleb & Abigail, but we have no documentation to prove that.)  They are both residing in the town of Wilbraham.  Additionally, there was also an Adoniram Bartlett in the same county, but in the town of Conway—relationship, if any, is unknown.

This Nicholas Bartlett (b. 1747, son of Caleb) had 4 children.  Two of them were named: Caleb & Abigail, the same names as his parents.  (See IGI)

After the war, he and Mary settled down in Hatfield for a time, but eventually, like so many other Americans, they began a westward movement that took them across the line into central New York.  Eventually they resettled to Pompei, Onondaga, New York, where they remained for the rest of their lives.  Mary died in 1826 and Nicholas outlived her by about ten years, and died there in 1836.   (See his military pension application in Revolutionary Soldiers Resident or Dying in Onondaga County, N.Y.  by William Martin Beauchamp, Syracuse, N.Y.: McDonnell Co., 1913, p.200.  A copy of his actual application for a military pension can be found on the Internet with access through local public libraries via “HeritageQuest” military records.) 

We also found a record of his burial/tombstone in Pompei (or Pompei Hill), Onondaga Co., NY.  There is a discrepancy between the birth date indicated by his tombstone and his military papers, but his burial record indicates that he was born sometime between 1745-48 in Groton, MA.  In his military pension application he specifically says that he was born in 1747 and that fits within the range provided above from his burial records so we believe he knew what he was saying when he gave that date in his pension application.

Both Nicholas and Mary were buried in a cemetery that is noted as being “2 miles SE of Pompei Hill, Onondaga Co., NY”. 

The History of Hadley, Mass, by Sylvester Judd lists this family on p. 9.  What we can't prove, is that his daughter, Lucy, is the same woman as the Lucy Bartlett who married Elijah Morton Jr.  She was much younger than Elijah but we believe her to be that woman.  He was in his early 40s when they married and she would have been only about 17-18 years old.  However, she must have been young at the time of their marriage as she had at least 13 children over a long time span.  We think these two "Lucy Bartletts" are the same person but can't prove it.  Another support is that her mother was Mary Morton and a cousin of this man.  In those days it was very common for people to marry close cousins.