Rebecca Bearce

Part 5

Chapter 20



[Note:While it does not appear that Tabitha Roberts was an ancestor of Rebecca Bearce, she was, nevertheless, the wife of Oliver Canfield, Rebecca's maternal grandfather.  This chapter provides a brief pedigree for Tabitha, (also see pedigree chart #3, at the beginning of is book.)]

Timothy Ford and his wife, Mrs. Ford, were original immigrants to this country and lived in the New Haven Colony, in Connecticut.  She died on 25 July 1661, and he died on 28 Aug 1664.  They had the following children (21: p.611-612):

          1.     Mary,       died before 1692;   m. 20 Nov 1662 Nathaniel Thorp. 

                            After her death, he married (2) on 10 Dec 1691 Sarah Brooks.  Sarah was born 9 Apr 1661, dau of John Brooks,        

                            and she was the widow of Benjamin Robbins, m. 29 Aug 1687.

          2.     Berthia,      d. 1687;   m. [1671] Matthew Bellamy

          3.     Samuel,      b. circa 1640;   d. 2 June 1712;   m. 27 Jan 1673 Elizabeth Hopkins.

          4.     Elizabeth,   m. (1) 23 Dec 1672 Joshua Culver;   m. (2) 31 Oct 1726 Eleazer Peck.

          5.     Matthew,    bpt (adult) 12 Aug 1688;   d. 3 Nov 1694;   m. 12 Jan 1674 Mary, dau of John Brooks,

                             she was born 5 Sept 1654,  bpt (adult) 16 July 1686;  d. 1712.

Mary Thorpe, daughter of Nathaniel and Mary Ford Thorpe, was born 1 Feb 1667/8, and married John McKay (Mackey) of Wethersfield, on 6 May 1692.  He was born c. 1640 and died 13 Nov l712.  They had the following children:(21: p.1158)

          1.     John,          b. c. 1694;   d. s. p. 15 June 1756;   m. 23 May 1725 Mary, dau of

                              John & Hannah (Thorpe) Cook, b. c. 1702; d. 1763.

          2.     Mary,         b. 16 June 1696, of Wethersfield, Conn; d. 3 July 1757;   m. 2 Dec 1718 Eli Roberts.

          3.     Samuel,       b. 25 June 1698;   d. 7 Apr 1699.

          4.     Elizabeth,    b. 20 Mar 1700;   d. 9 June 1764;   m. 25 Mar 1729 William Hendrick.

          5.     Anna,           b. 13 Nov 1702;   d. 6 Mar 1763;   m. 21 July 1730 Thomas Royce.

          6.     Daniel,         b. 11 Nov 1705;   d. 19 July 1761;   m. (1) Esther _______ who d. 4 Sept 1751;   m. (2) Jan 1753

                                Hannah dau of John & Sarah (Payne) Yale, b. 12 Feb 1712.

          7.     Samuel,        bpt 14 Dec 1707.

William Preston, son of Adam & Isabel (Braithwait) Preston, was bpt 23 Jan 1590/1, in Giggleswick, Co. York, England.  He died in 1647.  William married (1) 11 Oct 1613, in Chesham, Co. Bucks, Elizabeth Sale.  She was bpt 8 June 1590, in Chesham, and buried 22 Feb. 1634, also in Cheshem.  Shortly before coming to New England, William married (2) Mary, dau of Robert Seabrook.  Her "monetary assistance" enabled him to bring his family to America.  She was born circa, 1601, and died after 1680.  She married (2) Thomas Kimberly and moved from New Haven to Stratford, Conn. (18: p.490 & 21: p.1478-9)

"His son Edward, age 13, came [to America] in Mar 1634/5 in the [ship] 'Christian,' with the Stiles family, Thomas Bassett [of Fairfield] and others.  William, age 44, Mary [his wife], age 34, and Elizabeth, 11, Sarah, 8, Mary, 6 and John, 3, came in the [ship] 'Truelove,' Sept 1635." (18: p.491)

William Preston had the following children by his first wife, Elizabeth Sale, in Chesham, England: (21: p.1478-9)

          1.     William,            bpt 5 Oct 1614, Chesham;   bur. 4 June 1633, Chesham.

          2.     John,                  b c. 1617;   bur. 18 Nov 1623, Chesham.

          3.     Edward,             bpt 14 Nov 1619, Chesham;   d. 1699; res. New Haven & Boston;   m. Margaret Hurst, "wife

                                    of Edward" d. 28 Dec 1690.

          4.     Daniel,               bpt 3 Mar 1621, Chesham;   d. 10 Nov 1707, Dorchester, Mass.;   m. Mary

          5     .Elizabeth,           bpt 18 Jan 1623, Chesham;   d. 29 Aug 1693;   m. Joseph Alsop.

          6.     Sarah,                 bpt 16 Jul 1626, Chesham;   m. William Meeker.

          7.     Mary,                  bpt 13 Dec 1629, Chesham;   m. Peter Mallory.

          8.     John,                  bpt 4 Mar 1632, Chesham;  res.  Mass.

By his 2nd wife, Mary Seabrook, William had the following children, all born in New Haven, Conn. (18: p.491):

          9.     Jehiel,                bpt 14 June 1640;   d. 1684;   m. (1) Sarah, dau of Thomas & _____ (Seabrook) Fairchild, b.

                                   19 Feb 1641.  He m. (2) Temperance, dau of Isaac & Margery Nichols,   b. 17 May 1662. 

                                   She m. (2) 17 Apr 1688 Samuel Hubbell.

        10.     Hackaliah,         bpt 9 Apr 1643;   d. 20 Nov 1692;   m. 20 Apr 1676 Emm, dau

                                    of Thomas & _______ (Seabrook) Fairchild, b. 23 Oct 1653.

        11     .Eliasaaph,          bpt 9 Apr 1643;   d. 1707;   m. (1) Mary _________;   m. (2) c. 1675 Elizabeth dau of John & Mary

                                   Beach, b. 20 Mar 1652; m. (3) c. 1694 Martha dau of William & Alice (Pritchard) Bradley, widow of

                                   Samuel Munson, bpt Oct 1648.  She m. (3) Daniel Sherman

        12.     Joseph,               bpt 24 Jan 1645/6; d. at New Haven in 1733; m. Joanna, widow of Henry Stevens, and dau of

                                    Philip Leek, b. 22 Jan 1657.

"Peter Mallory took the oath of allegiance at New Haven, 5 Aug 1644.  He and his wife, recently married, were before the Court, 6 Feb 1648/9, and the record mentions that he was 'subject to distraction, haueing sometime bine distempered that way.' He bought a house, orchard and land from Nathaniel Seeley, 5 Aug 1651.  He died in 1696 or 1699; his wife Mary died Dec 1690.

"He probably married Mary Preston, daughter of William, baptized at Chesham, Co.  Bucks, Eng., 13 Dec 1629.  She was about 19 years old when Peter married, and no other marriage has been found for her.  Peter named his youngest son William, and some of the Mallorys followed the migrations of the Prestons to Stratford and Woodbury." (18: p.400)

Peter Mallory, of New Haven, Conn., d. 1698/9; m. Mary [dau of William & Elizabeth (Sale) Preston, bpt 13 Dec 1629, Chesham, Bucks, England.] d. Dec 1690.  They had the following 11 children: (21: p.1122-3)

          1.     Rebecca,              b. 18 Mar 1649/50;   m. Benjamin Bunnell.

          2.     Peter,                   b. 27 July 1653;   d. 1720; removed to Stratford;   m. (1) 28 May 1676 Elizabeth dau of

                          William & Elizabeth (Lamberton) Trowbridge, b. 5 Jan 1661/2; m. (2) Abigail ________

3.     Mary,                  b. 28 Oct 1655;   d. soon.

4.     Mary,                 b. 28 Nov 1656,   bpt 11 July 1663;   d. 17 Sept 1752, age 96;   m. (1) Eli Roberts;  

                          m. (2) 14 July 1696 Samuel Cook;   m. (3) 9 Apr 1705 Jeremiah How.

5.     Thomas,              b. 15 Apr 1659, bpt 11 July 1663;   d. 15 Feb 1690/1:  m. 26 Mar 1684 Mary, dau of

                          John Humphreville; she m. (2) 28 Nov 1694 Ebenezer Downs; she m. (3) 3 Nov 1713 Thomas Carnes.

6.     Daniel,                b. 25 Nov 1661,   bpt 11 July 1663;   d. after 1685.

7.     John,                   b. 10 May 1664,   bpt 17 May 1664;   m. 30 Dec 1686 Elizabeth, dau of

                          Nathaniel Kimberly,   bpt (adult) 19 Jan 1695/6;   she m. (2) Benjamin Barnes of Waterbury.

8.     Joseph,                b. 1666;   res at East Haven;   m. (1) Mercy dau of Thomas & Mercy Pinion,  

                          bpt (adult) 27 Sept 1696; m. (2) Joanna dau of Peter & Hannah (Wilcoxen) Farnum, widow of Thomas

                          Barnes, b. 1687; d. 13 Sept 1742.

9.     Benjamin,            b. 4 Jan 1668/9;   disappeared 1690.

10.    Samuel,               b. 10 Mar 1672/3;   d.s.p. 1711;   m. Mary dau of Azariah & Martha Beach;   she m. (2) _______

                          Reynolds of Branford.

11.    William,              b. 2 Sept 1675,   bpt 18 June 1676;   d. 1738;   res at Fairfield;   m. Anna _______;

                          she m. (2) Nathaniel Fitch.

Eli Roberts (7th child of Eli Roberts and Mary Mallory) was born 14 Feb 1691/2; and died 23 Sept 1754 at age 63.  He married 2 Dec 1718, Mary, dau of John & Mary (Thorpe) McKay.  She was born 16 June 1696 at Wethersfield and died 3 July 1757. Their children were: (21: p.1512)

          1.     Susanna,             b. 11 Sept 1719;   d. soon.

          2.     Peter,                  b. 1 Feb 1721;   m. 1 July 1746 Mary dau of Matthew & Elizabeth (Winston) How,   b. 21 Dec 1721.

          3.     Susanna,             b. 29 Sept 1722;   m. 8 Dec 1768 Deliverance Wakelee.

          4.     Benjamin,           b. 1 May 1724;   m. 15 Nov 1756 Ann Bostwick   b. 7 July 1733,   d. 29 Aug l789. 

                                     She m. (2) 30 Apr 1783 Ebenezer Hotchkiss

          5.     Lydia,                  b. 30 Mar 1726,   bpt May 1726;   m. (1) 31 July 1744 John Moss;   m. (2) James Bradshaw.

          6.     Anna,                   b. 31 Dec 1727,   bpt Feb 1727/8;   d. 8 June 1792;   m. 29 May 1746 Isaac Moss.

          7.     Eunice,                b. 21 Apr 1730,   bpt May 1730;   m. Simeon Chandler.

          8.     Tabitha,             b. 27 Nov 1732 ,   bpt Jan 1732/3;   m. 6 Mar 1755 Oliver Canfield.

          9.     Eli,                      b. 14 Apr 1736,  bpt May 1736;   d. 11 Feb 1805;  m. 31 May 1761 Abigail Durand, b. 12 July 1744.

         10.    Mary,                  b. 26 Nov 1738;   d. young.

More will be given on the Tabitha Roberts & Oliver Canfield family in chapter 22.

[Note:On 3 Apr 1704 a drawing was made for lots in the "Half Division" of New Haven lands, recorded in the volume of Proprietors' Records which is labeled 4, at pages 108-116.  This list gives the number of persons in the family of each proprietor, and hence is equivalent to a census.  The following heads of households, together with the number of residents in the family, appear on that list.] (21: p.1532-3):

Peter Mallary [Jr.]10

Nathall Tharp [Thorpe] Sr  7

Nathaniell Tharp [Thorpe] Jr  8

ely Robberts [Eli Roberts]  6

[Sources: 18,21,46]

Chapter 21



Thomas Bassett I, was born about 1598, and arrived in Connecticut, on board the ship "Christian" in 1635, at age 37.  He is credited with being a veteran of the Pequot War, although there is some question about the accuracy of this claim.  On 9 April, 1640, he was made a freeman in Windsor, Conn., and still resided there in 1644.  There is very little mention of him in the Windsor records, and no mention of a wife or children.

Puritan New England was a superstitious land.  Much has been written about the famous Salem witch trials in Massachusetts.  The same mania spread to Connecticut, where fewer witches were executed but, there were some.  One of these was the "Goodwife Bassett" or "Goody Bassett," as she was called.  The history and background of this woman is relatively unknown but most scholars feel she was the wife of Thomas Bassett I.  Goody Bassett was one of the few witches to ever confess her witchcraft at her trial in Stratford, Conn., in 1651.  One hundred and ninety-nine years later, in 1850, when unusual, and unaccountable "knockings" were heard in Stratford, these were declared, by the local citizens, to be Goody Bassett's ghost returning to haunt the place of her execution.  A large stir was created all over the east coast of the United States.  Newspaper writers, spiritualists and curiosity seekers made long treks to hear and speculate on the "Stratford knockings."

Connecticut Colonial Records, vol. 1, page 220: Court held 15 May 1651:  "The Governor, Mr. Cullick and Mr. Clarke are desired to go down to Stratford to keep Court upon the trial of Goody Bassett for her life, and if the Governor cannot go, then Mr. Wells is to go in his room."

New Haven Colonial Records, vol. 2, pages 81 and 85: (this is an excerp from a later trial of Mrs. Staples, in 1653, which refers back to the Bassett trial.)  “… Goodwife Basset, when she was condemned, said there was another witch in Fairfield that held her head full high, and then the said Goodwife Knapp stepped a little aside and told her (this deponent) Goodwife Bassett meant not her; she asked her whom she meant, and she named Goodwife Staples....  Elizabeth bid her do as the witch at the other town did, that is, discover all she knew to be witches." (21: p.953-4)

Goody Bassett was the only witch to be executed in Stratford.  The spot was known by the names: "Gallows Brook" and "Gallows Swamp."

Following the hanging of Goody Bassett, Thomas moved a short distance, to Fairfield, where he received a homelot of 2 1/2 acres, in August 1653 and was still in Fairfield in 1659, when he was declared free from military training, (presumably because he was then over 60 years old.)

Thomas remarried after 1656, Johanna, widow of Thomas Beardsley, of Fairfield.  She was born about 1634, making her 36 years younger than her second husband.  On 25 Nov. 1661, Thomas Bassett sold the house of Thomas Beardsley as his "successor."

"In May 1666 he testified, at age 68, in the Benfield case, and his wife Johanna, age 32, also testified.  This statement of his age identifies him with the Thomas who came on the 'Christian."' (18: p.35)

An inventory of his estate was taken 14 Jan. 1669/70, which lists a widow and children, but none of their names are mentioned.  It seems quite certain that Thomas Bassett (the 2nd) of Milford was probably the son of Thomas I and Johanna_____ the widow of Thomas Beardsley.

Dr. Thomas Pell, of Fairfield, in his will dated 21 Sept. 1669, forgave four "poor men" their debts to him.  One of these was Thomas Bassett, another was Roger Knapp.  Knapp's wife was known to have been hanged as a witch.  In that trial Pell's wife and stepdaughters testified against her.  This lends some additional strength to the likelihood of Goody Bassett being the wife of our Thomas, and if Mrs. Pell also testified against Goody Bassett, it may explain Dr. Pell's willingness to forgive these "poor men" their debts.  In another trial against a Mrs. Staples, Mrs. Pell again testified, that Goodwife Bassett said, "there was another witch in Fairfield."  This indicates that Mrs. Pell knew Goody Bassett and was probably present at her trial.

Thomas Bassett II, the son of Thomas I and Johanna _______, (15: p.62) was probably born after 1656, although no record of his birth has been found.  He died before 7 February 1736/7.  He married Sarah Baldwin, born 29 March 1668, at Milford, Conn., daughter of Josiah Baldwin and Mercy Camp, (see Chapter 15; also, Milford Land Records Vol. 12, p.6).

Thomas II was admitted to the church in Milford, 10 Oct. 1703.  Records show the following children were all baptized on 24 Oct. 1703 (Records of the First Church of Milford): (15: p.62; 18: p.35)

          1.     John,          d. at Milford in 1759;   m. Mary ________, who d. 23 Oct 1752

          2.     Josiah,        m. 25 Apr 1717, Alice Canfield.

          3.     Mercy,       m. 27 Feb 1719/20 Azariah Canfield, who was bpt 24 May 1695, son of Jeremiah &

                                                Alice Hine Canfield.  Removed to New Milford, Conn.

          4.     Abigail,

          5.     Sarah,         m. Nov 1728, Walter Lewis; d. 5 Aug 1779, age 81.

          6.     Thomas,      resided in Derby,   removed to Newtown;   m. 24 Aug 1727 to Sarah Pierson.

          7.     Jerusha

Mercy Bassett, daughter of Thomas II and Sarah Baldwin, was probably born between 1697-1702, and grew to womanhood at Milford, Connecticut.  Her name, at the time of her marriage to Azariah Canfield, on 27 Feb 1719/20, was incorrectly listed on the Milford Vital Records as "Mercy Baldwin" and has, therefore, been difficult to trace.  However, land records of a later date, clear much of the confusion, when they show the disposition of property owned by Thomas and Sarah Bassett.  On 7 Feb. 1736/7, John Bassett, Josiah Bassett, Jerusha Bassett, Walter Lewis and Sarah, his wife, all of Milford, Thomas Bassett of Derby, and Azariah Canfield and Mercy his wife of New Milford, conveyed their interest in land in Milford, from "our deceased Father Thos Bassett late of Milford." (Milford Land Records, vol. 9, p. 247.)

It is possible that the scribe at the time of Mercy’s marriage recorded the maiden name of Mercy's mother, Sarah Baldwin, instead of her own, Bassett.  Some have also suggested that perhaps Mercy was previously married to a Baldwin, at an early age and widowed, thus making her name Mercy Baldwin, at the time of her marriage to Azariah Canfield, but there is nothing to support such a supposition.  Whatever the reason for her name being shown as Mercy Baldwin, it seems relatively clear that it was, in actuality, Mercy Bassett who married Azariah Canfield on 27 February, 1719/20.  More will be given on this family in Chapter 22.

[Sources: 15,18,20,21,33,36]

Chapter 22




Thomas Canfield (also called Thomas Canfield Sr.), the original immigrant, by that name, was born in England.  Some researchers claim he was the son of another Thomas Canfield, "of Hill ende," who had the following children baptized at Minsden, in Hitchin, Co.  Hertford, England. (46: p.239):

          1.     Elizabeth,          bpt 30 Nov 1621

          2.     Thomas,           bpt   3 June 1623

          3.     Jacob,                bpt 14 June 1626

          4.     Jeremiah,           bpt 29 Dec 1636

          5.     John,                  bpt   1 May 1639

[Note:To support the position that this Thomas II, was the original immigrant, is the fact that several other very early immigrants to Milford, Conn. also came from Minsden, England.  Also, Thomas, the immigrant, named two of his children Elizabeth and Jeremiah; names that correspond with a brother and sister of the Thomas listed above.]

Others say that Thomas, the immigrant, was closely associated with Matthew Canfield, an immigrant to Milford, Conn. from Harlestone, Northamptonshire, England, and was surely a close kinsman, perhaps even a son, or a cousin.  He could not have been a brother however, as the brothers of Matthew are known and there was no Thomas among them.  It is even possible that both of the above accounts could be correct.  Thomas could have been the son of Thomas in Minsden, and a cousin to Matthew in Harlestone. (16: p.5-10)

"The Camp genealogy claims that Thomas was the son of another Thomas of Hitchin, Herefordshire (Hertfordshire), England , and that Thomas had a sister Mary, wife of Edward Camp in the New Haven Colony.  Her will refers to Thomas as 'overseer--brother Canfield."' (16: p.7)

Thomas arrived in Milford, Conn. before 1646, at which time he was awarded land.  He joined the Church 1 March 1656.  He was confirmed sergeant of the Militia Trainband of Milford, May 1669.  He represented the town as Deputy in the General Court at Hartford in 1673, l674, 1676, 1681, 1683, 1684.  Prior to 1650 he married Phebe________.  They had nine children.  Most of their descendants remained in Connecticut but some moved, with Matthew and his family, to Newark, N.J.

[Note--Many records give the name of "Phebe Crane" daughter of Jasper and Alice Crane, as the wife of Thomas Canfield.  There seems to be no factual basis for this, other than pure speculation.  In fact, one record states that it is impossible that Phebe Crane was the wife of Thomas Canfield, but neither does that account provide the sources or reason for its claim.    Phebe _________ Canfield was admitted to the Church on 4 May 1671.]

"The will of Thomas Canfield, Sr. (the immigrant,) dated 13 Feb 1687/8, mentioned his wife Phebe; three married daughters, Sarah, Phebe, and Elizabeth; (an unmarried) daughter Abigail; three (other) unmarried daughters (names not given); two sons, Thomas and Jeremiah; and son John Smith.  His inventory, taken 22 Aug. 1689, calls him Sergeant.

"The will of Phebe Canfield, made 28 July 1690, named her daughters Mary, Hannah, Mehitabel, Sarah Platt, Phebe Smith, Elizabeth Baldwin, Abigail Staples; son Jeremiah Canfield; with legacies to grandson Thomas Canfield and to Rebecca Canfield.  Proved 12 Nov 1690, and administration granted to her daughter Mary Canfield." (46: p.240)

Children of Thomas and Phebe Canfield, born at Milford were:

          1.     Sarah,          b. c. 1650, bpt 9 Mar 1655/6;   m. 2 Dec 1669, (Deacon) Josiah Platt, bpt Nov 1645,   d. at Milford,

                                                  5 Jan 1724/5.

          2.     Phebe,         b. c. 1652,   bpt 9 Mar 1655/6;   d. at Milford, 3 May 1730;   m. 23 Jan 1672/3 John Smith, who was

                                                  b. 27 Aug 1646,   d. 8 Jan 1732.

          3.     Thomas,       b. 14 Oct 1654,   bpt 9 Mar 1655/6;   d. (before 22 Aug) 1689;   m. 26 Feb 1679/80 Rebecca

                                                  Atkinson, who d. 28 Mar 1710/11.  She m. (2) 28 Apr 1695 (Lieut.) Samuel Camp b. c. 1645,

                                                  and he (Samuel Camp) d. 27 Jan 1736, age 91.

          4.     Mary,            b. 1 Jan 1656/7

          5.     Elizabeth,      b. 14 Feb 1659/60;   d. 16 May 1730 age c. 69;   m. (1) 8 Feb 1682 Theophilus Baldwin,

                                                  He was b. 26 Apr 1658; m. (2) 6 Jan 1704/5 John Merwin, b. c. 1650, d. 15 Jan 1727/8.

          6.     Jeremiah,      bpt 28 Sept 1662;   d. 16 Mar 1739/40,   m. Alice Hine 1687.

          7.     Abigail,          bpt 3 Dec 1665; d. before 1724;  m. John Staples, of Fairfield, b. c. 1663, d. 19 Feb 1747/8 in 88th year.    

          8.     Hannah,         b. 20 Nov 1667,   bpt 24 Nov 1667;  still living in 1728;   m. (1) (recorded at Stratford) 2 July 1695

                                                 John Gilbert,   b. at Springfield, Mass., 18 Oct 1657,   d. at Stratford in 1709;  

                                                 She m. (2) 20 Feb 1710/11 John Osborn of Stratford, who d. by 1728.

          9.     Mehitabel,     b. 2 Jul 1671,   bpt 9 July 1671;   m. (recorded at Derby) 12 Oct 1697 Stephen Pierson, who d. at

                                                 Derby in 1743/4.

Thomas Hine had a homelot in Milford by 1646 and died there early in 1698.  The wife of Thomas was Elizabeth (probably Lane).  She was admitted to the church in Milford in 1669.  Their children were born at Milford. (46: p.243)

          1.     Thomas,         b. last of Oct. 1653;   d. at Milford, Jan 1741/2 (will dated 8 June 1741, proved 19 Jan 1741/2);

                                                  m. (1) 13 Nov 1678 Rebecca Hyatt, dau of Thomas and Elizabeth of Stamford;

                                                  m. (2) 9 Nov 1689 Hannah Bristol, b. at New Haven 10 Dec 1663, dau of Henry and

                                                  Lydia (Brown) Bristol.

          2.     John,              b. 17 Mar 1656;   d. at Milford, 1 Apr 1739;   m. 4 July 1684 Mary Fenn,   bpt 7 July 1667,

                                                 dau of Benjamin & Mehitable (Gunn) Fenn.

          3.     Elizabeth [name now missing from birth record]   b. 3 Dec 1657;   m. (1) Joshua Webb, of Stamford, Conn.

                                                  and Bedford, N.Y., who d. early in 1694; m. (2) (Ens.) Daniel Simkins, of Bedford, who d.

                                                  before 9 Jan 1699/1700 (date of inventory of estate.)

          4.     Samuel,           b. 26 Jan 1659/60;   m. Abigail Miles,   b. at New Haven, 3 Jan 1669/70, dau of Samuel &

                                                  Hannah (Wilmot) Miles.

          5.     George,           b. 22 June 1662; bur. 7 Jan 1663.

          6.     Stephen,          b. 26 Oct 1663;   m. Sarah Bristol,   b. at New Haven in 1661 dau of Henry and Lydia (Brown) Bristol.

          7.     Alice,               b. 5 Oct 1666;   d. soon.

          8.     Alice,               b. 16 Dec 1667;   d. at New Milford, 4 Jan 1739/40;   m. in 1687 Jeremiah Canfield, bpt

                                                   28 Sept 1662;   d. 18 Mar 1739/40.

          9.     William,          b. 15 Aug 1670,   bpt 4 Sept 1670;   d. in 1697

         10.    George,            b. 29 June 1673,   bpt 6 July 1673;   bur. 7 Jan 1673/4.

Jeremiah Canfield, son of Thomas and Phebe Canfield, was baptized at Milford, 28 Sept. 1662, and died at New Milford, 18 Mar. 1739/40.  He married in 1667, Alice Hine, born 16 Dec 1667 at Milford, the daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Hine.  She died at New Milford, 4 Jan 1739/40.

"He resided in Milford until 11 Mar 1726/7, when he bought from Samuel Clark, Jr., land on Second Hill and also in what is now Bridgewater, in the town of New Milford.  He soon settled there, and joined the First Church in New Milford in 1736." (46: p.241)

Their children were all born at Milford, Conn. (46: p.241):

          1.     Jeremiah,         bpt 24 Mar 1695;   d. in service at Fort Edward, Sept 1756;   m. 24 July 1711 Judith Mallory,

                                                        b. 2 Sept 1689, living in 1760, dau of Peter and Elizabeth (Trowbridge)-Mallory.

          2.     Zerviah,           bpt 24 Mar 1695;   m. 12 Dec 1716 Daniel Terrill,   bpt 3 Feb 1688/9;   d. at Milford, between 1 Oct

                                                        and 2 Nov 1750.

          3.     Azariah,          bpt 24 Mar 1695;   d. in 1769.

          4.     Alice,               bpt 3 May 1696;   m. 25 Apr 1717 Josiah Bassett, who d. after 1767, son of Thomas and

                                                        Sarah (Baldwin) Bassett.

          5.     Mary,               bpt 9 Apr 1699;   d. young.

          6.     Samuel,            bpt 1 Feb 1701/2;   d. at New Milford 14 Dec 1754 in his 53rd yr; Deacon;   m. at New Milford

                                                        1 June 1725 Abigail Peck,   b. at Milford 25 Sept 1701;   d. at New Milford 14 Sept 1764.

          7.     Thomas,            b. 16 Sept 1704,   bpt 17 Sept 1704;   living in Milford 1776;   m. Abigail Smith,   she was

                                                         bpt 14 Mar 1708, and she was still living in 1779.

          8.     Jemima,            bpt 1 June 1707;   d. at New Milford 11 Oct 1795;   m. there 18 Jan 1732/3 John Bostwick,

                                                          He was b. 24 Mar 1715,   d. 17 Dec 1806 in 93rd yr.

          9.     Zerubbabal,       bpt 17 Nov 1711;  d. at New Milford 18 Aug 1770; m. 26 July 1733 Mary Bostwick, b. 8 Feb 1714/5.

         10.    Joseph,              bpt 17 Nov 1711;   d. at New Milford 25 Sept 1776 in his 66th yr; Captain;   m. 15 Jan 1736/7

                                                           Jerusha Bostwick, b. 15 July 1717, d. 23 Oct 1803 in her 88th yr.

Azariah Canfield, son of Jeremiah and Alice (Hine) Canfield, was born at Milford about 1692-3.  He settled in New Milford in 1727 and died there in 1769.  He married, at Milford, 26 Feb 1719/20, Mercy Bassett.

[The Milford Vital Records show this as a marriage to "Mercy Baldwin" but, as discussed in Chapter 21, Azariah Canfield's wife was the daughter of Thomas and Sarah (Baldwin) Bassett.  Bearce, lists Azariah's wife as "Mary Baldwin" the daughter of John, Nauasee, Baldwin and his wife Mercy Caroline.  This, however, seems doubtful and has no supporting evidence, except for the misprinted entry in the Milford vital records, which shows the name as Mercy Baldwin."]

Azariah's will was dated 26 Nov 1766 and the inventory of the estate was received 13 June 1769.  The children of Azariah and Mercy (Bassett) Canfield, were as follows. (46: p.242):

          1.     Azariah,        b. at Milford, 25 Nov 1720;   bpt at New Milford 22 June 1729;   m. at New Milford 7 May

                                                          1763 Mary Hine; removed to Starksboro, Vt.

          2.     Freelove,       b. 29 Dec 1726;   bpt 22 June 1729;   d. at Laceyville Pa., 5 Mar 1801;   m. 15 Dec

                                                          1748 Ebenezer Lacey,   b. 19 Apr 1727,   d. 21 Dec 1807.

          3.     Oliver,          b. 5 Dec 1729;   bpt 7 Dec 1729;   m. 6 Mar 1755 Tabitha Roberts.

          4.     Israel,          b. 13 Mar 1733;   bpt 18 Mar 1732/3;   m. at New Milford 6 Apr 1758 Mary Sackett;

                                                          removed about 1775 to Arlington, Vt.

Oliver Canfield, son of Azariah and Mercy (Bassett) Canfield, was born on 5 Dec 1729 at either Milford, or New Milford, Conn.  He married Tabitha Roberts, (see Chapter 20) on 6 Mar 1755.

[Note:The vital records of both Milford and New Milford contain much information about the early births, marriages, etc., including such facts for many Canfield families in these towns.  It also contains a record of the marriage of Oliver Canfield and Tabitha Roberts on 6 Mar 1755 in New Milford.  But, for some reason, there are no entries for the births of their children.  It should be remembered that the vital records were public records kept by the towns, and not church records kept only for their members. Children, especially white children, born of a legal union, should be found in these vital records.

Franklin Elewatum Bearce provides an answer to this question for at least one of the Children, Freelove Canfield.  In his youth, he spent a great deal of time with his Grandfather, Iron Face Bearce, and his Great-aunt, Mary Caroline Bearce.  These two individuals were grandchildren of Freelove Canfield, and knew her personally.  He related the following information.

"Mary Caroline, sister of Iron Face with her older brother, James Monroe Bearce, went to live with their grandparents, Josiah 3rd and Freelove Canfield, at Penfield, N.Y.  At the age of 15 years Mary Caroline Bearce returned to New Milford, Conn., to live with her oldest brother Fredrick Canfield Bearce... where she only stayed a year, when she again went back to her grandparents at Penfield, where she resided until she married her cousin Elisha Roe, at the age of 18 years.  She knew all about the family history and was well acquainted with the facts relating to her white and Indian ancestry...  Freelove Canfield, wife of Josiah Bearce 3rd, was a 3/4 blood Schaghticoke Indian and was born on Long Mountain, New Milford, Conn.  She was the daughter of Oliver Canfield Sr. of Long Mountain and his house servant  Sarah Mauwee, dau of Joseph Mauwee who was Sachem at Choostown and his wife Ann Warrups of We-quan-dauch, Conn.  Tabitha Roberts, wife of Oliver Canfield Sr., was not the Mother of Freelove, of this fact I am positively certain...  Sarah Mauwee was born at Chooatown, Conn. and was both a Warrups and a Mauwee.  She afterwards married a Schaghticoke Indian.  I rememger my Grandfather, Iron Face and Aunt Mary Caroline talking in the Schaghticoke dialect on several occasions.  On one of these occasions I asked Aunt Mary Caroline what they were talking about and she said they were discussing Sarah Mauwee and Freelove Canfield and told me the history of Freelove's parentage." (9)

Although this account was relayed by word of mouth, it presents a strong argument for the case of Sarah Mauwee as the Mother of Freelove Canfield.  This may also explain why there is no record of the birth of Freelove Canfield in the vital records of Connecticut.  It does not explain why the other children of Oliver Canfield are not listed in the vital records unless they too were born out of wedlock.]

[Note:Some have wondered about the name "Freelove" and in light of today's meaning of the word, have supposed that it may have been a stigma given to children born out of wedlock.  This however, is not correct.  Freelove was a very common girls name of the time, similar to Charity or Patience.  Freelove was named after her Aunt, Freelove Canfield, sister to Oliver Canfield Sr.]

Most sources credit Oliver and Tabitha (Roberts) Canfield with the following four children but, with very vague dates.  This family group is provided, in this format, to give the basic information on the children, however, as discussed above, Sarah Mauwee was actually the Mother of at least one of these children (Freelove).  It is also listed in this manner as these children have been “sealed” in the temple to Oliver Canfield and his legal wife Tabitha Roberts. (10: p.681; 16: p.222):

          1.     Oliver,            b. c. 1756-60;   m. 27 Jan 1791 Sarah Bradley, Milford.

          2.     Freelove,        b. c. 1760;   m. 27 Mar 1781 Josiah Bass (Bearce).

          3.     Peter,              b. c. 1760-70.

          4.     Eli,                  d. young

Freelove Canfield was probably born sometime between 1755 and 1760 as the daughter of Oliver Canfield Sr. and Sarah Mauwee.  At the time the family resided at New Milford, Conn.  Here she grew to womanhood and on 27 Mar 1781 married Josiah Bearce III.  Josiah had served in the Revolutionary War and returned home, to New Milford, to make this his home.  They had ten children, born at New Milford, between 1782 and 1805 (see Chapter 15).

In 1797 Josiah was one of the surveyors with Moses Cleveland to go west to survey the Ohio region.  In the early 1800’s Americans were spreading out to the west, the Erie Canal was being dug across New York State, providing jobs for people willing to work hard.  In 1820, two of their daughters, Rebecca Bearce (and husband, John Reed) and Sarah Bearce (and her husband, Samuel Elliot,) moved to Penfield, New York where small communities were blossoming and the land was being cleared for farming.  In 1825, at age seventy, Josiah and Freelove sold their lands in New Milford and moved to Penfield, Monroe Co., New York, near Rochester, to be near their daughters, Rebecca and Sarah and their families.

Josiah and Freelove were extremely poor at this time and some of their grandchildren provided much of their support.  Josiah died at Penfield on 30 May 1845, just short of his 90th birthday.  Freelove then moved near Elyria, Lorain Co., Ohio, where she lived, with her daughter, Caroline Bearce Row, until 3 Aug. 1649, when she died, at about ninety years of age.

[Sources: 9,10,15,16,36,46,56]

Chapter 23


Rebecca Bearce was born 30 September 1785, in New Milford, Connecticut to Josiah Bearce III and Freelove Canfield Bearce.  She was named after her paternal grandmother, Rebecca Baldwin (the daughter of John Nauasee Baldwin and Mercy Caroline, the daughter of Waramaug.)  Rebecca's father, Josiah III was about 3/4ths Indian and 1/4 white; her mother, Freelove, was 1/2 Indian and 1/2 white; making Rebecca about 5/8ths Indian.

She grew up in New Milford where the Indian population was dwindling due to sickness, disease and poverty.  Most of the Indians had either moved farther west, intermarried and become part of the white man's world, or died.  Some of Rebecca's family continued to intermarry with Indians and retained their Indian identity for another hundred years, such was the case with her younger brother Gideon, the Great Grandfather of Franklin Elewatum Bearce.  Rebecca however, chose to accept the white man's ways and assimilate into that culture.

The cultural changes of her day were not only eradicating the New England Indian traditions but, at the same time, the old ways of the English colonists were also fading from memory.  The American Revolution, in which her father fought, ended just two years before her birth.  The Constitution was written, the Federal government formed and the first State, Pennsylvania, was admitted to the Union when she was only two years old.  She was four years old when George Washington was elected President.  This young country was melting English, German, Irish, Scandinavian, Dutch and Indian cultures together and creating America.

Sometime between 1800-05, Rebecca met and married John Reed.  John was born in Acworth, New Hampshire on 12 Oct. 1783, to Supply and Susannah (Byam) Reed (or Reade).  Supply Reed (6) was the son of John Reade (5), the son of Ralph (4), …John (3), …Ralph (2), …William Reade (1).  Supply was an American patriot and answered the call of the Minute Men on April 19th 1775.  He was a private under Col. Moses Parker of Chelmsford, Mass., about ten miles north of Concord, Mass.  Although he saw no action in the first day of the American Revolution, he was called out again on subsequent alarms for a total of 40 days in the first year and a half of the war.  Later, in 1780, when the military was asking men to sign up for six month terms Supply answered the call by enlisting for one of these six month tours.

John Reed was the second of thirteen children of Supply and Susanna.  At age six, however, his only older brother drowned making him the leader and example to his younger brothers and sisters.  As a young man, John found his way to New Milford, Connecticut where he met and married Rebecca Bearce.  They returned to Acworth, N.H. to make their first home near John's family. (22: p.4-7, 14-21)

Rebecca had black hair, John's was auburn.  He was not a tall man if he was built like his father, whose military papers list him at 5 feet 6 inches—which was in fact, “average height” for the English settlers at that time.  Yet John must have been a strong man, as he was a farmer in his younger years and later worked as a blacksmith.

This young couple wanted a family and anxiously awaited the arrival of their first child.  Excitement built as the months passed but, the anticipation was replace with sorrow as their first baby was stillborn.  Again and again they tried to have a child but, after the first four babies were all stillborn, the couple became discouraged and felt they would never have a natural child.  They decided to take in a young baby by the name of Thomas Henry Green, who was born 15 May 1808.  "Henry", as he was called, was less than one year old when John and Rebecca received him to raise as their own.  They must have been delighted to finally have a child.  It was not long thereafter that they realized they were about to have another one of their own.  They surely would have felt a great deal of anxiety as the months rolled by but their fear was changed to joy as the baby was born healthy and strong.  Over the next seven years they had four children born in Acworth, N.H.:

          1.     Lee,            b. 27 Jan 1810,   d. 15 Jan 1895 at Farmington, Ut;   m. (lst) 15 Dec 1828 at Rome, Ohio, Nancy Babcock.

                                            They separated,   he m. (2nd) Eliza Jerls,   b. 15 Dec 1828 near Raleigh, N.C.,  dau of Henry and

                                            Penny (Grey) Jerls;    d. 23 Mar 1911 at Charlotte, IA.

          2.     Caroline,     b. 1 Nov 1812,   d. 23 Apr 1872;   m. (lst) 2 Dec 1831 Ira Beckwith, b. 27 Jan 1800,

                                            d. 7 July 1838 at New Lyme, Ohio;   m. (2nd) Dec 1643 Hezekiah Platt, b. 2 Oct 1794, d. 2 Dec 1863

          3.     Clarissa,     b. 18 Dec 1814;   d. 17 Jan 1860 at Salt Lake City, Ut.   m. (1st) 29 Mar 1833 Levi Ward Hancock,

                                            b. 7 Apr 1803 at Springfield Mass. son of Thomas and Amy (Ward) Hancock;   d. 10 June 1882

                                            at Washington, Ut.  They were separated,   she m. (2nd) 11 Apr 1854 at Salt Lake,

                                            Thomas Jones White,   b. 17 Jan 1823 at Dorson, Herefordshire, England,   d. 17 July 1885

                                            at Harrisville, Ut.

          4.     William Willard,    b. 11 Mar 1617,   d. 17 Feb 1887;   m. (lst) Eleanor Schafer,   b. 19 Mar 1816 at Arcadia, N.Y.

                                            d. 23 Oct 1904.  They separated,   he m. (2nd) Talutha _______.    b. c. 1851, they separated,

                                            he m. (3rd) Skippie A. Lyons 23 June 1859

In the early 1800’s, families were pushing out of New England into the frontier of western New York and Ohio. The construction of the Erie Canal led the way, followed by artisans of various trades and then by farmers looking for new lands to cultivate.  Rebecca and John decided to leave their home, and John's family, in Acworth, N.H. and make a new life in upstate New York.  They traveled first to New Milford to visit Rebecca's family and talk to them about the opportunities of the opening frontier.  Rebecca's sister, Sarah Elliot and her family, moved to Penfield, Monroe Co. (near Rochester) N.Y. about 1820, which was about the time that Rebecca and John also moved there.  Rebecca's parents followed them to Penfield about 1825.  It was probably in New York that the next two children were born.  The records were not well kept on the frontier as they had been back in New Hampshire:

          5.     Susanna,       b. ________ ,   died at about two years of age from scalding.

          6.     John,             b. ________ ,    m. Henrietta Meade,   they had one dau who died at birth.   John died Oct. 1646

                                             at Keokuk, Iowa.

Rebecca and John did not stay long at Penfield.  Perhaps the tragic death of their little two year old daughter made them feel like moving on to a new location.  From upstate New York, pioneers were spilling over into Ohio.  John and Rebecca next moved to Rome, Ohio, where four of their remaining five children were born: (22: p.7)

          7.     Joel Goss,    b. 22 Apr 1824,   d. 26 Feb 1899 at Camden, Ark;   m. (1st) 25 June 1845 in St. Louis, Mo.

                                             Harriet Louise Steed, b. 20 Nov 1826 in Great Malvern, Worcestershire, Eng., d. 25 Nov 1887 at

                                             Carrollton, Ill.; she was the dau of William and Hannah (Turner) Steed.  He m. (2nd) 10 Dec

                                             1891 Tillitha Steed, sister of his first wife, she was b. 22 Mar 1838 in Great Malvern, England.

          8.     Lydia,          b. 15 May 1827,   d. 17 May 1912 at Farmington, Ut;   m. 16 Aug 1845 at Nauvoo, Ill.  Henry Steed,

                                             He was b. 24 May 1817 at Mathon, Worcestershire, England.;   d. 8 Oct 1890 at

                                             Farmington, Ut.  Henry was the son of' Ann Steed and ________.    Henry and Lydia were married

                                             by her brother-in-law, Levi Ward Hancock.  This was a second marriage for Henry.

          9.     Laura Lucinda,       b. 22 May 1829,   d. 22 Nov 1903 at Farmington, Ut.   m. 13 Dec 1846 at Keoku , Iowa,

                                             Thomas Steed,   b. 13 Dec 1826 at Great  Malvern, Worcestershire, England. son of

                                             Thomas and Charlotte (Niblett) Steed.  He died 26 June 1910 at Salt Lake City, Ut.

In November 1830, there began to be considerable excitement in the area around Rome, Ohio, on the subject of religion.  A man, by the name of Parley P. Pratt, in company with a few other young men, was traveling through the countryside telling of a book that was the history of Christ's visit and teachings to the ancient inhabitants of the American continent.  The book was called the Book of Mormon and those who believed in it were referred to as “Mormons”.  Many converts stepped forward requesting baptism into this new Church.  One of these early converts was a well known and respected young man of the community by the name of Levi Ward Hancock.  He was baptized in November of 1830 and ordained an Elder a few days later.  He began immediately to preach the gospel throughout the countryside.

Levi's home was in Rome, Ohio.  Here, he was well known and respected by John and Rebecca Bearce Reed.  As Levi began to preach the gospel, members of the Reed family were some of the ones to listen intently to what he had to say.  The date of their baptism is not known but it appears they were probably baptized, by Levi, sometime in 1831.

Just six months after the Church was organized, its leaders felt a concern for the “Lamanites” or native American  Indians.  As a result, Section 32 of the Doctrine and Covenants was given to the Prophet Joseph Smith.  In it Parley P. Pratt, Oliver Cowdery, Peter Whitmer and Ziba Peterson were sent on a mission, to the west, to preach to the Indians.  En route, they stumbled on a very receptive group, in the area of Kirtland, Ohio.  Soon there was a larger congregation here than there was back in New York, where the Church had been organized.  It was while these men were in Ohio that Levi Ward Hancock, and others, joined the Church.  While the four original missionaries continued on toward the Mississippi River, to preach to the Indians, Levi, a newly ordained Elder, converted Rebecca Bearce, perhaps one of the first Indians to join the Church in the latter days.

As one of the first, if not the first, Indian (Lamanite) to join the Church, Rebecca, in part, helped to fulfill the prophecies and intent of the Book of Mormon as stated by Moroni when he said it was a "record of the people of Nephi, and also of the Lamanites--Written to the Lamanites, who are a remnant of the house of Israel... by the spirit of prophecy and of revelation--Written and sealed up, and hid up unto the Lord, that they might not be destroyed--to come forth by the gift and power of God unto the interpretation thereof... to show unto the remnant of the House of Israel what great things the Lord hath done for their fathers; and that they may know the covenants of the Lord, that they are not cast off forever--And also to the convincing of the Jew and Gentile that Jesus is the Christ, the Eternal God, manifesting himself unto all nations." (Book of Mormon title page)

Rebecca and John were so happy to receive the news of the restored gospel of Jesus Christ that they named their next baby after the bearer of that glad message:

          10.     Levi Ward,        b. 15 Nov 1831;   d. 30 Nov 1893 at North Point, Ut.   m. (1st) 1852 Matilda Eve Pettit

                                         (marriage performed by Samuel Alger, a brother-in-law of Levi Ward Hancock). 

                                         She was b. 4 Apr 1837 at Hempstead, N.Y.;   d. 20 Mar 1869 at Salt Lake, Ut.    She was the

                                         dau of Ethan and Margaret (Ellsworth) Pettit, and sister to Margaret Pettit, the wife of Ira

                                         Beckwith Reed.  He m. (2nd) 8 May 1679 at Salt Lake City, Ut, Augusta Larson, b. 8 June

                                         1851 at Hjelsted, Sweden;   d. 25 Aug 1923 at Fairfieid, Id. 

In early 1831, Joseph Smith, Prophet of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, moved with the Church to Kirtland, Ohio.  Soon thereafter, Levi Hancock was sent on a mission to Missouri and after his return home, in May 1832, he records in his journal that he "went to Rome, lived a while with John Reed, then went to Chagrine and stopped with Solomon (Hancock, his brother) for a few days when the Prophet Joseph Smith sent for me...  I told Joseph how I had felt on the way.  I also told him about the girl that I left and how sorry I had been that I did not tell him before I went.  He said not to mind, that the Lord had a girl for me that would suit me better than she would if I had of married her.  'I hope you will not marry soon.  I want you to do some work for me.'  I told him I would do the work and was soon to work building his desk and room. (47: p.50-51)

During this time, one of Rebecca and John Reed's daughters, Clarissa, was working in the home of Joseph and Emma Smith, in Kirtland, Ohio helping out with the housework.  No doubt, Levi knew Clarissa as he was well acquainted with her family in Rome but, as she was eleven years younger than he was, he had probably not given her much thought. In 1832, Levi was 29 and Clarissa was almost 18.

It seems Joseph Smith was somewhat of a matchmaker for this couple and arranged to bring them together.  Levi Ward Hancock continues, "About this time Joseph called on me to go to Rome with a hired girl by the name of Clarissa Reed, who had been living with him.  I went and returned with her in about two weeks ...

"It is now March, 1833, and we had not a place to worship in.  Jared Carter went around with a subscription paper to get signers.  I signed up two dollars.  He made up a little more than thirty dollars and presented it to Joseph.  The Lord would not accept it but gave a command to build a Temple.

"I helped my father to move to Kirtland.  I had married Miss Clarissa Reed on the 29th of March 1833.  I had obligations against the estate of three hundred dollars.  I told my folks to sell and send the money to Zion on all they could spare.  They did it and I gave up the note.  Father bought a place in the town of Kirtland.  My wife and I lived with them.  I signed a note for fifty dollars toward the Temple and went to work on the Temple whenever I could...  In the fall I had to guard the Temple walls for some men had threatened to tear it down and at times it grew worse and worse." (47: p.52-53)

At this time, John and Rebecca Reed also moved from Rome to Kirtland, Ohio to work on the Temple.  John did the blacksmith work on the Temple between 1833 and 1836.  While living in Kirtland, Rebecca, who was just three months short of her fiftieth birthday gave birth to their youngest child.  He was named after a son-in-law, Ira Beckwith, the husband of their oldest daughter, Caroline.

          11.     Ira Beckwith,     b. 25 June 1835 at Kirtland, Ohio;   d. 8 May 1872 at North Point (SLC) Utah;   m. 18 June 1858

                                     at Mona, (or Clover Creek) Utah to Margaret Pettit,   She was b. 1 May 1844 in Lee Co., Iowa

                                     and d. 16 Feb 1923. (12: p.20)

Devoted converts to the Mormon religion, John and Rebecca (Bearce) Reed endured the hardships of anti-Mormon prejudice in Kirtland, and moved with the Saints to Nauvoo, Illinois.  Here, for a short time, peace seemed to be possible and the family enjoyed spending time together.  Rebecca, and some of her daughters, would gather at her home, or at one of the homes of her married daughters and spend many enjoyable hours conversing as they carded wool, spun thread on an old spinning wheel and made their own cloth and clothing.

The peace was not to last long however.  In 1844 the Prophet Joseph Smith and his brother Hyrum were assassinated and the mobs threatened the destruction of any Mormons who remained in Illinois.  Not wanting to leave their beautiful city before the completion of the Nauvoo Temple, men and boys were put on armed guard around the town to allow the workers to continue building.  Boys, too young to build, were formed into the "Whistlin’ and Whittlin’ Band."  As suspicious looking strangers came into town to spy on the Mormons, these young boys would open their pocket knives and begin carving on a stick and whistling a tune.  They would casually follow the stranger around town whistling and whittling as they went.  Different tunes were recognized to have various meanings to the other boys in the Band, who would then open up their knives, pick up a stick, begin whittling and following the stranger as they joined in on the same tune.  It could be argued that this was not a very hospitable way to treat strangers but, at this point in their history, they could not afford to be as hospitable as they had previously been.  The Saints knew they would soon have to leave their homes and much work was needed to complete the Temple before they wanted to leave.  At least one of Rebecca's grandsons, Mosiah Hancock, was a member of the Whistlin' and Whittlin' Band, and it is likely that her two youngest sons, who were about the same age as Mosiah, would also have been members of this humorously famous group.

Even before the Temple was completed, Temple work was begun on a rush basis.  Families were sealed together and other ordinances performed.  Eventually, the mobs were so threatening that a decision was made, by Brigham Young, to leave Nauvoo in the bitter cold of February 1846, rather than to wait till the more moderate spring.  The Mississippi River was frozen over, which was a blessing in disguise as it allowed many of the fleeing Saints to cross over in the middle of the night.  In a short time, the residents of Nauvoo had to choose whether they were going to move on with the Church or stay and rely on the mercy of the merciless mobs.  Nauvoo, at this time, was the largest city in the state of Illinois.  Moving this many people in an organized manner, in the dead of winter, with little time to prepare, and in the face of angry enemies was a monumental task.

The first goal of the Church was just to get the Saints out of Nauvoo safely and across the river.  Few people had adequate provisions on such short notice, to last them more than a couple of weeks at the most.  The first night of the exodus, February 4, the temperature was below freezing.  Thousands were homeless with only the thickness of a canvas tent, or less, between them and the elements.  Nine babies were born and other sick and elderly people died.  Within a month, Brigham Young had the first wagon train, of over 500 wagons, moving across southern Iowa.  Short on provisions, many of the men would stop briefly to work for local farmers in exchange for food supplies.  Fences and bridges were quickly built, fields plowed, rocks cleared from land by this army of workers.  Some of the advanced party stopped to plow and plant grain on the public land where later follower would tend it as they passed and, eventually, yet other pioneers, would harvest it and bring it with them as they came.

As the first wagon train began to move in March 1846, the ground was still covered with snow and mud.  Progress was slow.  They moved five miles on the first day before stopping to make camp.  Slowly the Saints began to make their way across Iowa and, by summer, some of the earliest wagons were arriving on the Missouri River at Council Bluffs.  Here, they stopped to form a more permanent camp, and to organize a rendezvous point for all the pioneers who would follow.  The Church leaders planned to spend a year in preparing the people for the long and difficult march to the Rocky Mountains.

As summer passed and the level of the rivers dropped, the stagnant water bred various bacterial diseases and fevers.  Thousands died and nearly everyone was effected to some degree, by Cholera and other terrible illnesses.  People were so ill that at times they could not keep up with the task of burying all of the dead.  Mothers were seen, weakly waving towels to keep the flies off of their dead babies, whose bodies were decomposing in their tents.

These diseases lasted throughout the summer particularly, and into the fall.  Eventually, as the weather cooled down, the diseases abated.  The Reed family had not yet made much progress and they were especially hurt when Rebecca's husband, John, became ill and then died from the dreaded disease Cholera in October 1846.  He was buried at Bonaparte, Iowa, on the Des Moines River, only a short distance from Nauvoo.  He was 63 years old at the time of his death and Rebecca was 61.  She was left a widow with two young boys, ages 11 and 15, and a 17 year old daughter, alone, on the plains, in eastern Iowa.

Still, she did not give up.  Rebecca looked forward to continuing her trek west with the Saints.  Her son-in-law, Levi W. Hancock, looked after her and her family as they laboriously made their way across Iowa and eventually reached Council Bluffs.  Soon, however, the U.S. Army came to ask for volunteers to march to Mexico and fight for the country they were now leaving behind.  Levi was asked to go with this army, known as "The Mormon Battalion."  As a member of the First Quorum of the Seventy, Levi was the only General Authority on the march, and as such, acted as their Chaplain as well as being the musician.  This noble cause left, not only his own young family, but also his Mother-in-law's family, without a guardian.

On 13 December 1846, Rebecca's youngest daughter, Laura Lucinda, was married to Thomas Steed at Keokuk, Ia., leaving only the two youngest boys in her immediate care.

In the spring of 1847, as the first wagon trains of Saints began to embark on their long journey west, Rebecca and her family had to remain behind.  She, along with her young children and her married daughter, Clarissa, continued to make plans and preparations for the following year.  Surely they would be able to go in the spring of 1848.

This was not to be, for the same diseases which had plagued the camp the previous year, continued to take their toll on the pioneers in the summer and fall of 1847.  Rebecca contracted Cholera and suffered from this illness until her death, on February 10, 1848, in Pottawatemie Co., Iowa.  She was 62 years old at her passing and left her two young sons, ages 12 and 16 behind in the care of their older sister.

Even though Rebecca did not reach the Salt Lake Valley, her dream was realized, in November 1848, when these two boys, together with her daughter, Clarissa, arrived in the Salt Lake Valley to make a new home and bring up her descendants in the love, peace and religion that she wanted to give them.

The bravery of John and Rebecca must be admired.  Over the age of sixty and with relatively young children, to give up their home and the comforts of civilization, to make a long and difficult trek across one thousand miles of unknown wilderness, and to know they would face hardship, privations and disease, would be a difficult decision to make.  It is one thing to talk about and romanticize today but, quite another for those courageous souls who met the challenge and gave everything they had, including their lives, to push on and never give up.

Rebecca Bearce; a young Indian girl from New Milford, Connecticut, embodied all of the noble heritage of her great American native forbearers; wrestled with the conflicts of two opposing societies and chose the ways of the new Americans; lived a life of joys and tragedies on the frontier of and expanding country; responded enthusiastically to the familiar doctrines of the restored Church of Jesus Christ and faithfully followed its leaders throughout the remainder of her life.  She died in an obscure location on the Great Plains outside the boarders of her country.  But, the decisions she made changed the lives of thousands today, who have descended from this great woman.

In the Book of Mormon, Nephi recorded a vision he had concerning his, and his brothers’ descendants.  He saw their civilization break down and their people degenerate into a lowly state.  He saw them fight among themselves and lose their lands to the Europeans.  But, he also saw the restoration of the gospel of Jesus Christ and the coming forth of his record of their ancestors, and he knew that many of them would recognize and accept the religious history of their people.  He said,

"And now, I would prophesy somewhat more concerning the Jews and the Gentiles.  For after the book of which I have spoken (the Book of Mormon) shall come forth, and be written unto the Gentiles, and sealed up again unto the Lord, there shall be many which shall believe the words which are written; and they shall carry them forth unto the remnant of our seed.

"And then shall the remnant of our seed know concerning us, how that we came out from Jerusalem, and that they are descendants of the Jews (or House of Israel.)

"And the gospel of Jesus Christ shall be declared among them; wherefore, they shall be restored unto the knowledge of their fathers, and also to the knowledge of Jesus Christ, which was had among their fathers.

"And then shall they rejoice; for they shall know that it is a blessing unto them from the hand of God; and their scales of darkness shall begin to fall from their eyes; and many generations shall not pass away among them, save they shall be a white and delightsome people.” --Nephi (2 Nephi 30: 3-6)

"Many generations" have not passed away since the time Rebecca Bearce recognized the gospel of Jesus Christ and was restored unto a knowledge of her fathers.  And we, her descendants, are the fulfillment of this prophesy.

[Sources: 9,22,47,48]

Appendix #1


     1.     Massasoit (Ousamequin--Yellow feather; Sachem of the Pokanoket Tribe and Great Sachem over the Wampanoag Federation) M. five wives.

1.Amie--m. Tuspaquin (the Black Sachem; Assawampsetts Pond Sachem)

1.William (Soquontamouk, Mantowapuct)

2.Benjamin Tuspaquin (Benjamin Squinnamay, Squamnaway; Squin, sachem of Momenet) m. Weecum daughter of Wetamoo

1.Esther Tuspaquin m. Tobias Sampson.

2.Hannah Tuspaquin m. Quam

1. Hope

2. a son

3.Mary Tuspaquin m. Isaac Sissel (Momenet Sachem)

1.Mercy Sissel

2.Mary Sissel m. Josiah Bearce I. They had 11 children.

3.Arbella Sissel

4.Benjamin Tuspaquin Jr. m. Mercy Felix (dau of Felix and his wife Assowetough--the dau of John Sassomon.)

1.Lydia m. Wamaley

1. Zerviah

2. Paul

3. Phebe

4. Jane

5. Benjamin

3.other children

2.Alexander (Wamautta, Mooanam; Sachem of Pokanoket and Great Sachem of the Wampanoag) m. Weetamoo (Namumpuum, Tatapanum; Squaw Sachem of Pocasset) dau of Corbataunt (Pocasset Sachem.)

1.Weecum (Squaw Sachem of Pocasset) dau of Weetamoo--not certain who her father was. m. Benjamin Tuspaquin (See above.)

2.two other sons (?) (Not certain who their mother was.)

3.Philip (Pometacomet, Metacom; Sachem of Pokanoket and Great Sachem of Wampanoag after his brother) m. Wootonekanuake dau of Corbitant (Pocasset Sachem.) 1. a son

4.Sunconewhew (a son)

5.a daughter (?)

2.Quadaquinna (a Pokanoket Sachem)

1.Margaret m. Gabriel Wheldon

1.Ruth Wheldon m. Richard (Taylor) of Yarmouth




4.Martha Taylor m. Joseph Bearce--son of Austin & Mary Hyanno They had 8 children




2.Henry Wheldon

3.John Wheldon

3. Akkompoin

(Sources previously discussed in this book.)

Appendix #2


Tashtasuck (Great Sachem of Narragansett before the English arrived.)

1.Canonicus I (G.S. of Narragansett) m. his sister

2.a dau. m. her brother Canonicus 1, by her father.

1.Canonicus II (G.S. of Narragansett at the time the Pilgrims first landed in America

1.Maxanno (Mixan, Meaksaw, Mriksah, Meika) m. Magnus (Sunk Squaw, Old Queen, Quaiapen, Mantanuc--sister of Ninigret

1.Scuttup (a son)

2.Quequaquenuit (Gideon; a son)

3.Quinimiquet (a dau)

2. a son

3. a son

4.Mascus (a son-- robably died before the Pilgrims.)

1.Miantonomo (Miantonomi; G.S. of Narragansett with his uncle Canonicus II) m. Wawaloam.

1.Canonchet (Nanuntenoo, Quananchit; G.S. of N with his uncle Pessicus.)

2.Mansecup (a son)

1.Asquattuca (a dau)

2.Coiquos (a son)

2.Pessicus (Maussup, MoosaE,, Suc uansh, Quissucquansh, Weemosit, Canonicus; S. 02 N. after his brother's death until Canonchet was old enough to become the G.S.)

3.Otash (Yotaaah, a son)

4.Coginaquand (Cojonoquant, Cashanaquant, Tassarono, Tasconohut)

1.Quinipin (Quano en, war captain under Miantonomo) m. Onyx, Young One, Weetamo the dau of Corbatant. 1.two papooses by “Young One”.

2.Aloqudoomut (a son)

3.Sunkee3unasuc (a son)It is not known if Cogina-

4.AAhamattan (a son)quand actually had 8 sons

5.Nanauhcowenot (a son)or whether some of these

6.Tountoshomon (a son)are duplicate names for the

7.Caugontowauset (a son)same sons.

8.Nonxpwomet (a son)

5.a daughter m. the Sachem of Eastern Niantics before Pilgrims.

1.Momojoshuck (Sachem of Eastern Niantics at time of Pilgrims) m. a Pequot Princess

1.Wequash (a Pequot sagamore) d. 1642

1.Weenamoag (a son)

2.Cashawasset (Wequashcook, Herman Garrett; Pequot sachem, and Governor of half of the Pequot survivors)

1.Catepazet (a sachem and descendant of Nukquadowaus, the Pequot G.S.)

1.Joseph Garrett (Eastern Niantic Sachem)

Ninigret (Eastern Niantic Sachem after his brother) m. two wives: one was a daughter of Momojoshuck.  By one he had one daughter who became the Squaw Sachem after him.  By the other he had:

1.a dau

2.a dau

3.Anquawas (Ninigret II, Ninigred, Ninicroft)

1.Charles Augustus Ninigret

1.Charles Ninigret

2.George Ninigret m. Sarah--dau of Thomas (half brother to Ninigret II by a common mother.)

1.Thomas Ninigret (King Tom) b. 1736, d. 1770 m. Mary Whitfield.


2.George Ninigret

3.Esther Ninigret

1.George (Ring Georqe; last Eastern Niantic Sachem) d. age 20-

2.Mary b. 1767, m. John Harry.  Had daughters.

3.Wepiteamoc (a son)

1. a son

4.Magnus (Matantuck, Quaiapen, Sunk Squaw, Old Queen) m. Maxanno--son of Canonicus II (see above.)

6.a daughter (?) m. Highyannough (Mattachee Sachem of the Cape

tribes. [This is possible but, not certain.]

"Huchinson has the following account of an old Indian tradition: 'The ancient Indians among the Narraganaetts reported when the English first arrived, that they had in former times a Sachem called Tashtassuck, incomparably greater than any in the whole land, in power and state, that he had only two children, a son and a daughter, and not being able to match them according to their dignity, he joined them together in matrimony, and that they had four sons, of which Canonicus, who was Sachem when the English came, was the eldest.  This is the only piece of Indian history or tradition of any sort from the ancestors of our first Indians, I have ever met with.'

"Canonicus, the great Sachem.  This seems to be the English form of the name, Qunnouns probably represents the sound of the Indian word more truly.

"Meantonomy, or Miantonimo, or Meeumeh, was the son of Mascus, youngest brother of Canonicus.

"What was the precise relation as to authority, in which Meantonomy and Canonicus stood to each other is doubtful... Wawaloom is mentioned in 1661 as the widow of Meontonomy in the deeds of the Sosoa purchase in Westerly.

"Meika, Mriksay, Meaksaw, or Maxonno was son of Canonicus.  He was probably the same with Mishammo, who witnessed the Indian deed of Aquethnick.  His wife was Magnus, Matantuck or Quaipen, afterwards called the Sunke Squaw or old Queen of the Narragansetts.  She was Ninigret's sister and it is said that she was afterwards married, about 1675, to Ninigret's eldest son.  She was taken prisoner by a party of Connecticut troops, July 2, 1676 and was put to death.

"Meika had two sons, Scuttop and Quequaquenuit, alias Gideon, Sachems, and a daughter, Quinimiquet.  The two latter died young.  Scuttop is probably the same with Kaskotap who... is called Sachem of Bassokutoquage in Narragansett.  Meika is supposed to have died about 1667.

"Canonchet, or Nonno, or Nonnuntennew.  He is called Nawnawnoantonnew alias Quananchit, the eldest son now living of Miantonomo and chief surviving Sachem of Narragansett.

Cojonoquant, or Cachanaguant, or Tassarono, or Tasconohut, or Tesiquant was a son of a brother of Canonicus…

"In the plea of William Harris, Ninekela, Cusanyquant, Cussuquans, Scuttop and Quequaquenuet are mentioned as grandsons of Canonicus.

"In a short history of Narragansett Meantonomy, Cususquench and Cojonoquond are mentioned as sons of the brother of Canonicus.

"Aloqudoomut is mentioned as son of Cojonoquond.  In one of the Pettaquamscut deeds...  Nanauhcowemot, Tountoshomon, Caugontowuset and Nonxpwomet are also mentioned as his sons.  And in another of these deeds Mossecup and Saccohan are mentioned as nephews of Cojonoquand.

"Quanopen or Sowagonish was a son of Cojonoquond and a chief in the war of 1676.  He was shot to death at Newport in August, 1676.  His two brothers, Sunkeejunasue and Ashamattan were tried at the same time.

"Otash or Yotuesh was a brother of Meantonomy.

"Pessacus, Maussup, Canonicus, Sucquans, or Quissucquansh was a brother of Meantonomy, born about 1623 and about 20 years old when Meantonomy was put to death.  Pessacus was killed by Mohawks in 1676, about 20 miles above Piscataqua, and was buried by order of Major Waldron.

"In the deeds of the Sosoa purchase in Westerly, Cojonoquand and Quissucquansh are called brothers.  In the same deeds Pishicus alias Maussup, alias Sucquansh calls Cononicus his uncle and Miantonomy his brother.  Tassaquanawit is mentioned as brother of Pessacus.

"Niniclade, Ninigret or Ninicroft.  The last sylable was probably gutteral.  This will account for the different ways of spelling it.  He was related to the family of Canonicus.  He is said to be the son of the sister of Canonicus  (II)…  In the plea of William Harris he is called grandson of Canonicus (I).

"His other names were Janemoe... alias Wanaconchat, Sachem of Neanticoet.  In the history 1692, he is called Anquawas.  [Note: This would have referred to Ninigret II as Ninigret I died in 1677.]

"He is somewhere called brother-in-law of Meantonomy.  Hermon Garret disputed Ninigret's title to the Nyantic lands before the commissioners in 1662.  It was proved before them that Ninigret was the younger brother of Garret's father, that Ninigret having married the sister of Garret had succeeded in preference to him on account of Garret's mother having been a stranger.  Ninigret's title was not disturbed.  (60: p.171-174)

"The Ninigret who died about 1722 had a half brother, Thomas, by the mother's side, whose daughter Sarah was married to Sachem George.  The Indian genealogy here given is from a case in the Washington County Common Pleas Court, tried about 1746, where Thomas Ninigret brought ejectment against a grantee of Charles Ninigret, and the dispute turned on the title of the Sachems.

"Young Charles was alive, I believe, in 1753.

"Common Pleas Court Records, February, 1743.

"Charles Ninigret brought ejectment against George Ninigret, but discontinued his action.

"February, 1754.  In an action of ejectment, Charles Ninigret vs.  Christopher Champlin, Thomas Ninigret was summoned in to defend the case, and proceedings were stayed by act of assembly to await the issue of an appeal from a judgment in favor of Thomas Ninigret then pending before the King in Council, and involving the same question.

“May 15, 1760.  Charles Ninigret to Thomas Ninigret quit-claims all the Sachem's lands.  Charlestown Records, Book 1. p. 457.

"Thomas Ninigret, Sachem of the Indians, was married to Mary Whitfield, of Newport, in 1761, by Rev. Gardner Thurston.

"King Tom died at Newport; was taken ill while riding near the stone mill; had the day before dined with the Governor, Stephen Gould. (Was dead in 1770.)

"Burying place, Charlestown, Fort Neck.  'Here lyeth the body of George, the son of Charles Ninigret.  King of the natives, and of Hannah, his wife.  Died December 7. 22, 1732, aged 6 months.'

"George, last King, was brother of Mary, wife of John Harry.  Mary was supposed to be about 66 years old in 1832.  Mary was daughter of Esther and granddaughter of George Ninigret.  Mary was sister of King Tom.  The last Sachem George died aged about 20.  Mary has daughters, but no sons." (60: p.360-1)

Appendix #3


The pedigree of Uncas, Great Sachem of the Mohegans, was recorded in March 1679. There appear to be some errors in the way it was recorded.  It seems to list both, Uncas's mother, Muk-kun-nup II and his father, Owaneco, as children of Woipequand.  This is not correct.  Only his mother was a child of Woipequand.  There are other errors and ambiguities as well but, it does provide some helpful information and was recorded during the lifetime of Uncas.

Below is a schematic diagram which represents this author's opinion of the ancestry of Uncas, and of Sassacus, Great Sachem of the Pequots.  It is taken from "The Pedigree of Uncas" (57: p.227-8) which is also given on the next page in its entirety.  The written record is not absolutely clear on ihe relationships of these individuals but, the following chart represents the possible ancestry of Uncas.

Sassacus, Puppompogs and Tatobem were sons of Woipequand but the identity of  their mother is not known.  Muk-kun-nup II was the daughter of Muk-kun-nup I, but her brothers may well have had different mothers.

The same is true of Uncas's brothers.  They are listed here as sons of Owaneco but they may not have been the sons of Muk-kun-nup II.

"The Genealogie and Lineage of Uncas Sachim of Monheag beginning at Tama-quawshad who was granfather to the said Uncas his father, and so Bringing it down to Uncas and his Successors, in which is also shewed his native right to such lands with their respective boundaries as are hereafter mentioned.

"The above named Tamaquawshad had many relations which lived above Queenabaug River, and also up the Nipmuck Contrey who were never priveledged by Marriage into the Royall Stock, for the said Tamaquawshad had decreed to keep the Royall blood within the Realm of Moheags and Pequotts.

"The great Granmother of said Uncas was a great Queen and lived at Moheag her name was Au-comp-pa-chauge-Sug-gunsh.

"His mothers Granfather was the Chief Sachim of the Pequot Countrey in his time and lived at Au-cum-bumsk in the heart of the Countrey and was named Nuck-quut-do-waus.

"Uncas his Granfather was the sonne of Nukquut do waos above named and was the chief Sachim of the Pequot Countrey and lived at Aukumbumsk above named, and was named Woipeguund.

"His Granmother was the daughter of Weeroum the chief Sachim of the Narragansetts and her mothers name was Kesh-ke-choo Walt-ma-kunsh the chief Sachims Squaw of the Moheage.

"And she was neece to Ahadon who was the sone of Nuckquutdowaus and she was Sister to Aucomppachaug Suggunsh.

"Uncas his father who was wholly of the Royall blood, his name was Owaneco, and he was the sonne of Woipeguund, and the said Woipeguund and Uncas his mother had both one mother the said Uncas his mother was callled Muk-kun-nup and her mother before her was called by the same name, Tatobems fathers name was Wopegworrit.

"The said Uncas further declareth that about the time of his fathers decease his said father moved to Tatobem who was then the great Sachim of the Pequotts countrey for a match between his eldest sonne and said Tatobems daughter, the said Tatobem did readily imbrace the motion abovesaid and gave his free consent.  Alledging that by this conjunction they should keep their Lands entire from any violation either from neighboring or forreign Indians, but before the consumation of this match, the said eldest sonne died, and then by the determination of the Indian Councill both of the Pequotts and Moheegs, it was concluded and joyntly agreed, that Uncas the next brother to the deceased should proceed in the said Match, which thing Uncas accepted, and was married to her, about ten years before the Pequott warres, and had three children by her, two of which died Owaneco only surviving.

"Further the said Uncas doth declare, and looks upon it a thing which may be easily proved from the contract of the great Sachims (viz.) his father and the Sachim of the Pequot Countrey upon the making of that match above specified, that his right to the Pequott countrey was good and unquestionable who although she was of the Pequott blood, she neither would nor did forsake him in the time of the warre and also he himselfe though in such affinitie unto the said Pequitts yet his wife and he shewing their fidelitie unto the English, himselfe adventuring for their assit in that warre, that it would look hard to him by this unhappy warre to be deprived of his true and legall right to that countrey, which if it shall seem good to my good friends the English to my successors so farre as reason shall appear to maintain, it will without doubt be a friendly though not a costly requitall of former or later adventuring myselfe in my own person with the lives of my Subjects for their assistance in offence of the enemies of my good friends the English I shall thankfully accept it from their hands.

"Uncas also declares that his granmother and Momohoes great granmother were owne sisters, and that Cattuppessit by Usorquene and Mau-gau-wan-mett of Long Island are both derived of the lineage Nukguutdowaus, and being of the Royall blood he desires the English would respect them as such." (57: p.227-8)

Appendix #4


Nanepashemet (Great Sachem of Mass; was killed in 1619 in a war with the Tarratine Indians from Maine.) m. Squaw Sachem (Great Sachem after the death of her husband.  She d. 1667.)

1.Wonohaquaham (Sagamore John; Sachem of Winnisimmets; d. 1633)

1. a son

2.Sagamore James (Sachem of Saugus; d. 1633)

3.Yawata (daughter) m. John Oonsamog

1.Muminquash (James Quannapowitt, James Rumney Marsh, James Wiser; b. at Rumney Marsh, (Chelsea), Mass. 1632.) m. Mary Ponham of  Natick Tribe.

1. Israel

2. Joan

4.Wenepoyken (Sagamore George; Sachem of Naumkeag; b. 1616, d. 1684.  Upon the deaths of his two brothers he became Sachem of their lands as well.) m. Ahawayetsquaine (Ahawyet or Joane; dau of Poquanum, alias the Black Sachem of Nahant.  He was hanged by the English in 1632)  They had one son, and three beautiful daughters who were called Wanapanaquin (Little feathers.)  All three of the daughters were wounded in King Philip War.

1.Petagunsk (Cicely)

2.Wattaquattinusk (Sarah)

3.Petagoonaquah (Susannah)

4.Manataqua (a son)

1.Nonupanohow (David) Kunkshamooshaw

2.Wattanoh (Samuel) Kunkshamooshaw



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2.     Handbook of North American Indians; Vol. 15 Northeast. by Wm. C. Sturtevant.  Smithsonian Institute.  Wash.  DC. 1978

3.     The History of Cape Cod: The Annals of Barnstable Co. Vol. I. by Frederick Freeman.  Geo. C. Rand & Avery, Cornhill, Boston 1860

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49.     The History of the Old Town of Derby, Connecticut. by Samuel Orcutt & Ambrose Beardsley.  Springfield Printing Co. Springfield, Mass. 1880

50.     The Proprietors of Ridgefield, Connecticut. by Glenna M. Welsh.  Candatowa Press.  Ridgefield, Conn. 1976

51.     History of the Town of Stonington. by Richard Anson Wheeler.  Lawrence Verry Inc., Mystic, Conn. 1966

52.     Cape Cod Series Vol. 1--History and Genealogy of the Mayflower Planters and First Comers to Ye Olde Colonie   by Leon Clark Hills.  Hills Publishing Co. Washington D.C: I 36

53.     History of Ancient Wethersfield Vol. II. By Henry R. Stiles.  New Hampshire Publishing Co. Somersworth. 1975

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55.     Genealogies of Connecticut Families From the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Vol. 1. Genealogical Publishing Co. Inc. 1983

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58.     Samson Occom. by W. DeLoss Love, Ph.D. The Pilgrim Press.  Chicago, Ill. 1899

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