Captain Thomas Buck


Lionel Nebeker

22 Sep 2012

Taken from a letter explaining the relationships between several men by the same name (Thomas Buck) and particularly identifying the man known to us as “Captain Thomas Buck” written to:

Dear Cousin Gordon Bates,

Cast of Characters for this letter only: 

Elizabeth Buck Garlick (EBG) – This author’s 3rd Great-grandmother, and the daughter

of David Buck, Sr.  Born on 2 May 1795 in Providence Township, Bedford County,

Pennsylvania, personally knew most of the people in this paper and is a primary

source of information for this family.  She married David Garlick on 1 Oct. 1816; joined

the LDS Church on 10 Oct. 1837; sold their farm in Providence, PA on 11 Oct. 1839

(at the age of almost 40 years) and moved to Nauvoo, Illinois.  There she performed

‘temple work’ for many members of her family in 1841, which was recorded in the

Nauvoo temple records.  She watched her husband, David Garlick, die in Nauvoo

on 4 Nov. 1843.  She moved to Utah in about 1852 and settled in Springville. 

She again performed temple ordinances in the Endowment House in Salt Lake City

on 24-25 July 1872.  She passed away in Spanish Fork, Utah on 5 Sep. 1888 at the

age of 93, and was buried in Springville, Utah.

Thomas (1) Buck – Grandfather of EBG. Born about 1715 probably in either

Connecticut, or Massachusetts; husband of Elizabeth Scott; father of a large family

including: Thomas (2); Marsa; Elizabeth; David, Sr.; Jonathan; and Ichabod.

Thomas (2) Buck, the “Captain” – born 1740-41; son of Thomas (1) and Elizabeth Scott;

brother of David Sr.; Uncle of EBG; principle subject of this paper; father of: Sarah Buck

Akers, David Buck, Abigail Buck Jones, Richard Buck, and Thomas (3) Buck.

Thomas (3) Buck – Born about 1777 (roughly estimated); youngest son of Thomas (2)

Buck; and a 1st cousin of EBG.

Thomas (4) Buck – Born about 1795 (very rough estimate); Grandson of the Captain,

Thomas (2) Buck as the son of his son—David; 1st cousin once removed of EBG.

Thomas (5) Buck – Born 20 Mar. 1790 in Providence, Bedford Co., PA; grandson of

Thomas (1); son of David Sr.; brother of EBG; husband of Elizabeth Blue; nephew of

Captain Thomas (2); died 27 Feb 1863 in Van Buren, Pulaski Co., Indiana.

Other Thomas Bucks in the American Revolutionary War of Independence: 

Our relative, Thomas (2) Buck, as we will call him, or, Captain Thomas Buck, was the

oldest known son of Thomas (1) Buck and Elizabeth Scott.  But there were other men of

the same name who fought in the Revolution and so we should first distinguish some of

these so as to avoid sending people down the wrong path.  I have found records for the

following men (and there are likely others) by this same name: 

Private Thomas Buck of the 3rd PA Regiment in the Continental Army who was at

Valley Forge, PA but in tracking him down, I found that he was from eastern PA without

any known relationship to our family.  [Valley Forge, PA Muster Roll ID # PA09166 --

available on the internet] 

Several Thomas Bucks from Connecticut, including one "Captain Thomas Buck".


Captain Thomas Buck from VA, who led his company in the Shenandoah Valley, VA but

not a part of our PA family.  

Who was our Captain Thomas Buck?

His niece, Elizabeth Buck Garlick (EBG), daughter of David Buck, Sr, in her 1841

temple work in Nauvoo, IL, and in similar work performed by her in the Endowment

House in Salt Lake City, on 24-25 July, 1872, stated that she was a niece of this man;

and that she was the grand-daughter of Thomas (1) Buck and Elizabeth Scott--making

them the parents of Thomas (2) Buck (the "Captain") and of his brother, David Buck, Sr. 

Who were his parents?

We know from EBG's temple work listed above (and copies of that work can be viewed

in "Our Buck Heritage" that you and I worked on a few years ago, which is available on

my web-site mentioned above) the names of the Captain's parents (as given

above).  And, from the Glastonbury, CT vital records (see my write-up on "The Buck and

Scott Families of Connecticut" also on my web-site) that Thomas (1) Buck married

Elizabeth Scott, daughter of Thomas Scott of Glastonbury, on 4 May 1738. That

Elizabeth Scott was the daughter of Thomas Scott and Marcy Goodale, who was the

daughter of Richard and Mary Goodale of Middletown, CT. 

Thomas (1) Buck was probably born about 1710-15 somewhere in Connecticut or

Massachusetts.  The name of "David Thomas Buck" has sometimes been applied to

him, but there is no known rationale for this and it seems more like this was invented by

someone trying to connect him to his son, David Buck.  The name "David" should be

eliminated from this man's identity.  A great many genealogists have tried to connect our

Thomas (1) with another Thomas Buck who was born on 6 Sep. 1712 as the son of yet

another Thomas Buck and Sarah Judd in Hartford, CT.  That couple did have such a

little boy, but he grew up locally and married a woman by the name of Jane Pease on 1

June 1749.  This couple was having children from about 1750-1765 in Hebron

Township, Tolland Co., Connecticut during much of the same period that our Thomas

(1) and Elizabeth Scott were having their children elsewhere.  These are two separate

men with the same name and we should not continue to perpetuate this error. The

records of that Thomas Buck (son of Sarah Judd) can be found in a number of sources,

including: Buck History and Genealogy, by Samuel Buck, and in his Supplement to the

original book.

We have not yet been able to find a birth record that clearly ties anyone to our Thomas

(1) who showed up in Glastonbury, CT for his marriage there in 1738.  We have looked

at the vital records for this town and it does not appear that Thomas (1) was born there,

but must have moved into this village in his youth.  

After the marriage of our Thomas (1) and Elizabeth Scott they disappear from all

records that we have been able to search so far.  As a point of interest (and certainly

not proven) a hand-written note was entered on the temple ordinance records

performed by EBG in the Endowment House in July 1872.  On that form, as an after-

thought, and in a different hand-writing than the full record, there was a note by the

marriage of this couple that said: "Litchfield, Litchfield Co., CT".  No other explanation

was given.  We thought that their marriage must have been performed in this

community, but we have since found that the marriage was on the date given, but in

Glastonbury, CT, as stated above.  Why then would this other town be named on that

form?  One wonders if the young married couple, upon leaving Glastonbury shortly after

their marriage, may have migrated to Litchfield.   This is only speculation, but Litchfield

was pretty much on the edge of civilization in Connecticut being more inland and to the

NW of Hartford.  If their descendants knew that some of the older children were born

there they may have assumed that the marriage also took place up there.  There are

fewer vital records for the Litchfield area than there are for many New England towns,

but there were some Bucks up in that area at this time.  Sadly, we have not been able to

find our Thomas (1) and Elizabeth yet, either there, or anywhere else.

The Youth of Captain Thomas Buck

Thomas (2) Buck was probably born somewhere in Connecticut (but that is purely

speculation) in 1740-41 [See 1814 PA Tax List -- Bedford Co. which says he was 73

years old at that time.]  He probably spent his early years deep in the woods of

Connecticut, but at some point the family moved to New Jersey--specific location not

known [EBG in the 1880 US Federal Census record for Utah stated that the birth place

of her father, David Buck, Sr., was in New Jersey.  The date of David's birth is not

known for certain, but would have been sometime between 1750-55.  In the 1800 US

census for PA David stated that he was over 45 years at that time, meaning that he was

born before 1755, and he also had a brother, Jonathan, who was born on 12 Jan. 1755

(according to Jonathan's own family Bible) so David was probably born a couple years

earlier than that.  Also, his wife, Catherine Kirschman / Cashman, was born in 1752, so

it makes sense that he would more likely have been born within a couple years of

1752.]  This means that the family as living somewhere in N.J. in the early 1750s when

Thomas (2) was about age 10-15. 

We don't know where in N.J. they lived--or for how long.  There is a marriage record in

Cape May Co., N.J. on 9 Jan. 1771 for a "Thomas Buck" and "Judith Edmunds", both of

Cape May.  The dates would be a reasonable match for our Thomas (2) with him being

about 29-30 at that time, but there is no way we can be certain that this is the first

marriage of our "Captain".  There are other Bucks in the area, but again the names do

not match well enough to identify our close family ties.  

Additionally, the Captain's brother, Jonathan Buck, married Zuriah Covalt on 16 March

1775 [from Jonathan Buck's family Bible].  We do not know where the wedding took

place but she, and the Covalt family were from Sussex Co., N.J.  This is in the NW

portion of the state, whereas Cape May is in the SE so these do no substantiate each

other.  However, the Bucks, as well as the Covalts, came to Bedford Co., PA in about

1775.  With Jonathan's wedding taking place in March of that year, before the weather

was good enough to travel through the wilderness, one wonders if both families knew

each other in Sussex Co., N.J. where a blooming courtship could have taken place

before both families moved, or did both families come from different areas and

coincidentally meet for the first time in Bedford Co.., PA, where it was love-at-first-sight

for this young couple with a quick wedding?  It would seem that Sussex Co., N.J. would

be a good place for us to search for our Bucks, but then, again, this county was also on

the frontier of that colony and relatively few vital statistics have been found for its

residents, and nothing yet of our Bucks.

Bucks in the PA Militia from Bedford County

Now, let’s back-track to 1775 to follow the military records for this family.   Just one

month after Jonathan Buck's wedding, and about the same time that the Bucks first

arrived in Bedford County, the American Revolutionary War broke out in Lexington,

Massachusetts.  Many men from the thirteen colonies picked up their guns and

marched off to New England, but many more stayed home to tend their crops and

families.  Pennsylvania too sent troops to join the Continental Army to fight under

George Washington.  

By 1777 the English had begun using their Indian allies to raid and terrorize the settlers

in outlying communities.  Bedford County was on the edge of the wilderness and as

such became a target of these British led Indians.  Pennsylvania formed militia

regiments to defend the local residents. The governor could appoint the general officers

for such units, but the local fighting men elected their own captains from among their

neighbors whose personal leadership they knew and respected.  It was an honor to be

elected Captain of a Company, but on the other hand, most enlistments, for the private

soldiers, were either 3, 6, 9, or 12 months.  But for those willing to accept a captaincy

they were required to enlist for a three-year tour of duty.  

Bedford County was divided into three Battalions with six companies in the first battalion

and eight companies in the other two.  The First Battalion was drawn from men in the

northern part of the county, including Hopewell Twp.  The Second Battalion was from

the southeast corner of the county, which included Providence Twp.  And the Third

Battalion was made up of the southwest corner of the county.  For the period of 1777-

1780 the 1st Battalion was led by Col. William Parker, assisted by Lt. Col. Charles

Cessne and Major Robert Culbertson. The First Company within the Battalion was led

by Captain Thomas Buck, assisted by 1st Lt. Samuel Moore, and 2nd Lt. John Moore,

and Ensign Joshua Owens [see Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission--

Revolutionary Militia Overview--Bedford Co. available on-line.  See also: 2 PA Arch 14

at 644 & 668; and 5 PA Arch 5 at 63.]  These militia companies served near their homes

and were called up on short notice to defend their neighbors and families from Indian

attacks, which could be very gruesome.  Chasing the Indian fighters up and down the

forested mountains was not a job for an old man.  If Thomas (1) Buck was even still

living (and there is no record to support that) at about age 60-65 he would have been

way too old to be leading men on such forays.  Thomas (2) Buck, the "Captain" was

about age 36 at this time.  He was old enough to be respected as a leader by his peers

and still young enough to be a vigorous fighter.  It is clear that the Captain Thomas

Buck was the same man as our Thomas (2), and that will be made even clearer with the

record of his third marriage later on.  The Captain served his three-year tour of duty and

then seems to have retired at the end of 1780. 

Three new battalions were formed for a tour from 1781 to 1784 to replace the

discharged men.  It was in this second recruitment that our David Buck and his brother,

Jonathan Buck, both of Providence Twp enlisted to fight for a 1 year term under their

neighbor and friend, Captain George Enslow.  In this second enlistment, it was the 1st

Battalion that included Providence, and the 2nd Battalion now included Hopewell.  These

Buck brothers were in the 1st Battalion, 6th Company. [List of Revolutionary War soldiers

from Bedford Co., PA Arch 5 at 93; Bedford County in the American Revolution, by

James B. Whisker, 1985; Hartslog Society HL – They Came From Ireland, by F. W

Thorlton; Militia Officers Index Cards 1775-1780, available on the internet;  PA State

Archives – Revolutionary War Military Abstracts, Card File Series #13.50.  See

additional military documents for these men in Our Buck Heritage, by Lionel Nebeker

available on my web-site of]

These, and other militia records for PA, give a listing of the men who served.  The

record does not necessarily tell their exact terms of service, but instead they give the

dates, after their service, in which they appeared to claim their pay.  As such, a recap

from the last document listed above may be helpful: 

Buck, Thomas    Bedford Co.                   

                      Certif issued    7 April 1785  Militia Loan 1 April 1784 & 30 Mar. 1785.

Buck, David        Bedford Co. Providence twp 

                      Certif issued  12 July 1781   Pvt. 1st Batt. 7th class,   Capt. George Enslo

Buck, Jonathan   Bedford Co. Providence twp  

                      Certif issued   12 July 1781    Pvt. 1st Batt. 4th class,  Capt. George Enslo

Buck, Jonathan    Bedford Co.

                      Certif issued    12 April 1785    Militia Loan of 1 Apr. 1784 & 30 Mar. 1785

Buck, Joseph       Bedford Co. militia 

                       Certif issued    8 Sep. 1785     Militia Loan of 1 Apr.  1784 & 30 Mar. 1785

It appears that Jonathan Buck may have re-enlisted for a second term, and perhaps that

is why he was rewarded with a land grant in Tennessee.  David enlisted only once and

we are not sure who Joseph Buck was, but perhaps a relative of some sort.  

As a side note, we should mention that Captain Thomas Buck was a close friend with

John Piper and his family.  The Pipers were very patriotic and participated in the War in

various capacities—many of which are very interesting.  There was a father and son by

the same name, sometimes referred to as John, Esq, and John Jr., and most often by

merely John Piper.  We’ll want to keep that name in mind as it shows up from time to

time as a neighbor and personal friend of Thomas (2) Buck, the Captain when he

needed witnesses to sign various legal documents.  

Thomas Ferguson

Additionally, I would like to really deviate off on a tangent for a moment, but it has a

bearing on the militia fighting in Bedford County, as well as a possible link with our Buck

family.  A young man by the name of Thomas Ferguson, from Cumberland Co., PA

(which, at that time, was immediately to the east and adjacent to Bedford Co.) enlisted

in his local militia.  Instead of being sent east to fight the British, he was sent west to

help fight the Indians in Bedford Co.  We are fortunate that he lived long enough to

apply for a soldier’s pension which was granted by Congress in 1832, and paid in 1833

for any of the old soldiers still alive and in destitute circumstances.  Here is a

transcription of his statement given under oath in Fleming Co., KY where he was

residing at the time of his declaration.  

State of Kentucky, Fleming County ---- 

On this the 7th day of December 1833 personally appeared before the County

Court of Fleming, Thomas Ferguson, a resident of said County of Fleming and

State of Kentucky, aged seventy two years who being first duly sworn according

to law doth, on his oath make the following statement in order to obtain the

benefit of the pension made by act of Congress, passed June 7 1832 viz. that he

enlisted in the army of the United States in the year 1777 on the 23rd day of Dec.r

under Capt. John McDonald and served in the ___ Regiment of the Pennsylvania

line under the said Capt. McDonald whose Company was one of three raised by

Col. Piper & Maj. Cluggage to guard the frontiers of Bedford County,

Pennsylvania.  That said three companies were under the immediate command

of Maj. Cluggage.  That he enlisted to serve nine months – and served out his

term.  That after the expiration of the nine months, Col Piper informed Capt.

McDonald’s Company that their service would be required a few months longer &

beat up for volunteers for a (militia?) term of two months, that he together with all

the company enrolled for the two months, and served a few days over the term,

when he was regularly and honorably discharged on the 1st day of December

1778 at (Franktown?) Bedford County Pennsylvania, as will appear by the said

discharge, attached to this Declaration & signed by Capt. McDonald – having

served Eleven months and ten Days – that at the time of his enlistment for nine

months, he was a resident of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania – that he

marched thence into Bedford County & served to guard the frontier & protect the

inhabitants – that at the time he enrolled for the militia term, two months, he was

still a citizen of Cumberland in the said State and served both tours under the

same officers.   That whilst he was in the service of the United States he received

an injury in the right eye from a ball of an Indian, which has finally destroyed the

sight of the eye nearly.  That the discharge above described, and attached to this

declaration is the original discharge given to him by his Capt.  That he knows of

no one whose witness he can procure to prove his service.   That he was born in

the year 1760 in the County of Cumberland, Pennsylvania – that he has no

record of his age except in a family Bible in his possession, in which he has set

down his thots, he removed from Pennsylvania in1796 to Kentucky and settled

Mason County – From Mason he removed to Fleming County, in Said County he

has resided ever since, and now resides. That he (recollects?) the names of

Capt. Cluggage and Capt. Black who commanded the other two companies

under their command of Maj. Cluggage – that for a short time they were in the

13th (Narjenien?) Regiment, then under the command of (________) Regiment

was on its return from Pittsburg – that he’s known to John (Bates?) a sheriff of

Fleming, Stephen Philson, Wm.Cline, Ferdinand Venati, for (maintenance 5 yr?)

who can speak of his character. 

He herby relinquish his every claim whatsoever to a pension or annuity except

the present, and declares that his name is not on the pension roll of the agency

of any state. 

Subscribed in open court, the Court now sitting – this day and year aforesaid. 

      Thos Ferguson  (seal) 

Now, this declaration is interesting for a couple reasons.  First of all it verifies that the

Indian troubles in and around Bedford County were very real and soldiers were sent

from the neighboring county to help fight.  They were also severe enough that this man

lost most of the sight in his eye from a ball fired by an Indian enemy.   

Sadly, this man does not list any family members, or even state if he had any family. 

But, it will be remembered that Captain Thomas Buck and David Buck, had a sister

named either “Mercy”, “Marsa” or “Massa” (or probably “Marcy”) Buck, who married a

man by the name of Thomas Ferguson.  We have not been able to find any record for

such a name in Bedford County, PA either before or after the War.  But, if he came from

a neighboring county, he could have met “Massa” while stationed in Bedford Co., and

returned back to his home afterward his discharge taking his new wife with him; and then,

a few years later, left the entire state to reside in Kentucky.  If so, that may explain why

we have not been able to find him or his family.  We need to state here that we have

absolutely no proof that this man was the same Thomas Ferguson who was a brother-

in-law of our David Buck, but it is a possibility.  

Elizabeth Buck Garlick (EBG) did temple work for her Aunt Massa Buck Ferguson, the

wife of Thomas Ferguson, and also for: Benjamin, Thomas and another Massa

Ferguson, with each of these last three being listed as her “cousins”.  So, this Ferguson

family was living someplace and for a long enough period of time to raise a family.  Note

that this man was still living in Fleming Co., KY in 1833.  Surely we should be able to

find more information about him and determine something about his family.  But, so far,

we have not been able to find them anywhere, and more research needs to be done on

this branch of our Buck family. 

Bucks in Bedford Co., PA Tax Lists 

All of the above is merely prelude to the story we now need to tell for Thomas (2) Buck--

the "Captain".  The first mention of anyone by the name of "Thomas Buck" in Bedford

County comes in the 1775 PA Tax List for Bedford Co. [PA Arch. Series III. Vol.

XXII].  At that time a "Thomas Buck" was living in Colerain Township.  He was charged

7 pounds 6 for a tax on his goods and property.  He was the only one by that name in

the whole county.  There was no tax record for 1774, and he was not listed in the 1773

tax list.  So, it is possible that both families--Bucks and Covalts could have come there

in 1774, and Jonathan and Zuriah met at that time.  In 1776 (one year later) there are

just two Buck entries in the tax list: Thomas and Jonathan Buck.  Both men owned

property in Colerain Township in Bedford County.  This also confirms that Jonathan now

had his own family and land separate from his father.  There is no tax list available for

1777 & 1778.  In 1779 and the 1780 the tax lists we find the following--which is identical

for both years: 

     David Buck            50 acres     Colerain Twp

     John Buck            100 acres     Colerain Twp

     Thomas Buck       200 acres     Hopewell Twp 

The Thomas Buck living in Hopewell Twp is surely our Thomas (2)--the “Captain.” 

However, we are left wondering if the first Thomas Buck listed above in the tax lists for

1775 and 1776 might have been for his father, Thomas (1) Buck.  It may not be that

critical to know for sure, but it seems to make sense that they whole family may have

migrated to Bedford County together if their parents were still living and taking the

leadership role in the family.  If the parents did not come then it seems less likely that

all of the sons would have come together.  Also, if Thomas (2) owned the land in

Colerain Twp then there would be less likelihood of him selling that and moving to

Hopewell.  And, if Thomas (1) died there in about 1777-78, then it makes more sense

that David and John might have split up the family farm between them. 

Whether the Thomas Buck on the 1775 & 1776 tax list in Colerain Twp was Thomas (1)

or Thomas (2) is not too critical for our discussion here.  We know that Thomas (2)

claimed 200 acres in Hopewell Twp at about this time and spent most of his remaining

years on this property.  He owned land in that township near the confluence of Yellow

Creek and the Raystown Branch of the Juniata River.

In the 1784 tax list, Thomas (2) Buck was still in Hopewell and had a house with 4 white

people living in it.  Both David and Jonathan had taken up land in Providence

Twp.  David was listed as being a single man with 4 whites living in his house--not sure

who these were but it could have included his mother, and siblings.  Jonathan lived

nearby and had 5 whites in his household.  His family was growing fast--on the way to

having 12 children by 1800.  From other records it is apparent that both David and

Jonathan took up home sites near the mouth of Brush Creek in what was to become

Providence Twp before the original land survey was performed there.  At that time it

was recorded that these men, along with several others, had already been on their land

for some time and claimed that it was theirs, for which they were charge back-taxes and

allowed to stay.  

By 1785 Thomas (2) had acquired additional land and now owned 300 acres in

Hopewell twp.  Jonathan had 200 acres in Providence, which was described as being

on both sides of the mouth of Brush Creek where it empties into the Juniata River.  It is

interesting though that David is not listed at all on this roll.  It is possible that he was

simply overlooked and didn’t have to pay taxes that year, but that is not very likely.  It is

more probable that he had temporarily departed this county for a couple years in an

effort to find a wife, and he did not return until he had one (in 1789). 

On 28 Feb. 1787 Thomas Buck (surely the Captain) applied for 400 acres including an

improvement on the south side of Raystown Branch of the Juniata River on both sides

of Brush Creek, adjoining Allison’s survey, in Providence Twp.  [Early Land

Applications, Bedford Co., PA.]  This entry is very interesting as it is a good description

of at least Jonathan Buck’s land, and perhaps even David Buck’s land too.  We only

knew of 200 acres owned there by Jonathan, but this says Thomas (2) applied for 400

acres.  Both David and Jonathan were gone by then.  David returned in 1789 with his

new wife and her children by a previous marriage, and took up his old land on Brush

Creek; but Jonathan sold out and left the area permanently.  A direct descendent of

Jonathan’s, Burch Stevens, in his correspondence with me said, his ancestor, Jonathan

Buck, sold his land in Bedford Co., PA in 1787 before moving to Tennessee.  Actually,

we do find Jonathan stopping off in Quemahoning Township, Bedford County, from

1787 till after 1790, but he was in Tennessee by 1793, where he claimed land offered to

veterans of the Revolutionary War.

In the 1790 US census a Thomas Buck (probably the Captain) was listed as living in

Bedford County (p.21 of that census), and David Buck had returned to Providence twp

(p. 20).  Their brother, Jonathan was found on p. 24, as he had moved into the far

western portion of the county briefly before departing for Tennessee.  Also not too far

away (on page 25 of the census) were the following Bucks: John, Joseph, William and

Samuel.  We cannot tie these men into our family but wanted to mention them as some

of them had previously been closely associated with our Buck family and may have

been cousins.  After this date Thomas was always listed in Hopewell Twp and he did

not seem to maintain any residence in Providence.  Instead, David seemed to be the

sole Buck living along Brush Creek and had probably either repurchased his land from

Thomas, or else was occupying the land previously owned by Jonathan.  Here, in

Providence, at the mouth of Brush Creek, David raised his family and resided for the

remainder of his life. 

There are other tax lists that contain the name of Thomas (2) Buck and we will mention

them only briefly here as most do not add much to our story—(other than the 1814 tax

list).  The 1808 list tells us that he owned 201 acres in Hopewell with 2 horses and 1

cow.  This list also contains another Thomas Buck who was living in Providence twp,

next to David Buck, and who owned no land but did own 1 horse and $20, which made

him taxable, but this man was not the Captain—instead, this is the oldest son of David

and we will refer to him as Thomas (4) Buck to differentiate him from the others of

similar name.  In 1809 Thomas (2) Buck paid $2.40 in tax.  He was listed near his

friends, John Piper and John Piper Esq., father and son. {John Piper (the elder) had

been listed in the Bedford County tax lists ever since 1768, even before the Bucks

arrived.  Back then John, and his brother, James, were both living in Colerain twp,

which is presumably where they first met our Buck family and became close friends.}

Then, in the 1814 tax list, Thomas (2) Buck is again listed and this time there is a very

interesting comment in the margin following his listing, which says that he was 73 years

old.  That is huge as it gives us his year of birth as being either 1840 or 1841.  He was

again listed in Hopewell in the 1817 tax list.  

The family of Thomas (2) Buck, the “Captain”

Before we go back and look at the various historical documents for Thomas (2) Buck,

let’s quickly refer to his will (a complete copy of which will be given later on.)  It was

written in 1821 and mentions no wife still living at that time, but it lists the following

children, some of which had also passed away but had children of their own.  Of course

no ages were given for his heirs, and since he does not list all the males first, as was

sometimes done, then we can assume that they were listed in their proper order of birth: 

Sarah, David, Abigal (sic), Richard, Thomas.  It is clear from the will that both Abigail

and Richard predeceased their father in death, but both left children. 

We do not know the ages of these children, but we know that the Captain was born

about 1740-41 and could have married anytime between about 1760-1775, and could

have had children from the early to mid-1760s on.  

We get some help from his daughter, Abigail, who married Levi Jones, from Bedford

Co., PA in about 1787 (no specific date has been found).  In time they moved to west to

Washington Co., PA, where Levi died in 1813, and Abigail died in 1817.  From this, we

know that she could have had children between the late 1780s until the death of her

husband.  Subtracting 20 years from her estimated marriage date would place her birth

at around 1767-1769 as a good approximation.  If she was the third of his five known

children, then the oldest one, Sarah, could have been born around 1762 or so.  That

would make Thomas (2) about 21-22 at the time of her birth.  That seems to fit within

the realm of reasonableness, and so we will estimate the births as follows: 

   Sarah           b. abt 1762

   David           b. abt 1765 

   Abigail          b. abt 1767 

   Richard        b. abt 1770 

   Thomas(3)   b. after 1776, and could have been several years younger—to 1786.  

Remember that Thomas (2) may have been away from home for much of the war

between 1777 and 1780, so this youngest son, Thomas (3), may have been quite a bit

younger than the other children.  

As mentioned earlier, we do not know the name of Thomas (2)’s first wife and the

mother of most, and perhaps all, of his children.  We recall that this family first came to

Bedford Co., PA in about 1775, so at least the older children would have been born

someplace else--perhaps in New Jersey.  The first that we find them in Hopewell twp,
was in 1777 when Thomas was elected Captain of his militia company, indicating that

he had probably lived there for at least some period of time prior to that event.  

We have no idea when Thomas’s first wife died but he eventually married 2nd, Mrs.

Margaret Long, the widow of Mr. Richard Long.  Other than the items given below we

have not been able to find any record of this couple prior to her marriage to Thomas (2)

Buck.  The Longs were early residents of this area but did not seem to have much

property there.  We find the following 3 records:

     “Richard Long of Hopewell Township.  Letters of Administration granted 14 Jan.

     1778 to Mary Long, widow of the deceased.”  [Source: Bedford Co., PA Will Book

     #1, p.22] 

     “Thomas Buck and Margaret Buck, late Margaret Long, widow and relict of

     Richard Long deceased, which Thomas and Margaret are administrators,

     reported expenditures of L50, 18s, 1d; this is exceeding the amount of the

     estate.”  [Source: Orphan’s Court Records, Bedford Co.,  PA, 21 Sept. 1795] 

     “On November 20, 1797, appearing before James Riddle, President, James

     Martin, Hugh Barclay and John Piper, Esq., Thomas Buck and his wife Margaret

     (formerly Margaret Long), administratrix of the estate of Richard Long of Bedford

     County, yeoman, deceased, petitioned the court that Richard Long died intestate

     seized 200 acres of land situated on the north side of Yellow Creek in Hopewell

     Twp.  It being part of land located on the waters of Yellow Creek.  They advised

     the court that the personal estate of Richard Long was not enough to pay the

     debts due against the estate and that they have paid out sundry debts of the

     deceased, already spending the sum of L56 18s 1d which exceeded the value of

     the estate.  They also stated that the administrators could not borrow money on

     mortgages to pay off the debts, and requested that the court make an order

     authorizing them to sell the tract of land in order to pay the debts agreeably to the

     Act of Assembly in such case made and provided, subject also to the interest of

     Margaret, the petitioner, for life of a certain moiety of the same.  (Signed by

     James Hamilton, the attorney for the petitioner).  It was ordered by the Court that

     all 200 acres should be sold at public venue on Friday the 15th of December next,

     at the house of William Smalls in Bedford at 11 o’clock in the forenoon.  I was

     also ordered that 6 notices of the sale by posted in the most public places of the

     county, and to be delivered at least 10 days before the sale to the Sheriff and

     that they should be posted at least 10 days before the sale.  The petitioners were

     ordered to appear at the next Orphan’s Court to be held in Bedford on the 4th

     Monday of January next.”   [Source: Orphan’s Court Records, Bedford Co., PA

     Docket 2, p.29]

The three above documents confirm that Richard Long owned 200 acres on Yellow

Creek, in the close vicinity from where Thomas (2) Buck lived and that he died there

prior to 1778, at which time his widow “Mary” (sic) {probably written “Marg” and

misinterpreted} was made the administratrix of his estate.  Sometime between 1778

and 1795 she married Thomas (2) Buck.  They were unable to pay Mr. Long’s debts

from the proceeds of his property and sold it for the benefit of the debtors.  So, Mrs.

Margaret Long (maiden name unknown) was the second wife of the Captain.  This is

presumably the Margaret Buck for whom EBG performed temple ordinances in the

Endowment House in SLC in 1872 and listed herself as the “niece” of that woman. 

Not knowing the date of this marriage we do not know if any of Thomas’s children

were by this woman, or if all of them were from his first wife.

Note too that Captain Thomas (2) Buck called on his friend, John Piper, Esq to be one

of the witnesses to the third document given above.  

In the 1790 census, the first one conducted by the new United States of America,

Thomas (2) Buck had the following residents of his household: 3 males over the age of

16 (himself and presumably two older sons—born before 1884); 1 male under age 16

(born after 1884) and 3 females.  We only know of three sons for this man, but we

suspect that some of them were old enough to have left the family home before this

date.  So, we are not sure if these three are his only sons and younger than we thought,

or if some may have died before their father and were not listed in his will.  We also

don’t know if he had a wife at this time or not.  In his will (1821) Thomas only mentions

having two daughters who were either still living then, or who had living descendants. 

So, the third female in 1790 was either his wife, Margaret, or another daughter who did

not survive.  No ages were given in this census for any females.  

In the 1800 US census for Bedford Co., PA Thomas and David were the only Bucks

listed in the entire county.  Thomas (p. 425) had 1 male between 16-26, which seems to

correlate with the 1790 census indicating the possibility that this youngest son may have

been quite a bit younger than some of his other boys—and may even have been a son

of his second wife, Mrs. Margaret Long.  Aside from this one son, the only ones listed

were 1 male over age 45 (Thomas) and 1 female over age 45 (Margaret).  

In the 1810 census Thomas (2) and Margaret were the only two in the household in

Hopewell twp.  All of his children had departed their home.  Still living in Bedford County

in this year was the family of Levi Jones.  Both he and his wife (Abigail Buck Jones)

were listed as being between ages 26-45.  They had two young boys, ages 10-16, and

1 girl under age 10. 

Sometime in the next decade, Thomas’s second wife, Margaret died.  Additionally, his

son-in-law, Levi Jones, who had moved to Washington Co., PA, also died there in 1813,

and then Abigail Buck Jones died in 1817, also in Washington Co.  Levi and Abigail left

several orphans.  Since Thomas’s wife had also died, it appears that he packed up and

moved to Strabane twp, Washington Co., PA to help take care of his Jones grandchildren.   

Now we find the following interesting document from that area:  

     “Capt. Thomas Buck of Strabane Twp., and Elenor Lindsey of Canton Twp.,

     were married Dec. 30, 1819.  Marriage performed by Rev. Charles Wheeler.” 

     [Marriages taken from the Washington, Pennsylvania weekly newspaper; “The

     Reporter”, Washington Co., PA, Sept. 1814 -- Feb. 1820.]  

This document is important for several reasons: 

1.  It specifically refers to this Thomas Buck as the “Capt.” So we know we are

following the right person. 

2. It is in the same township where his daughter, Abigail, lived and died, and left

some orphans. 

3. It shows that our Thomas was still alive at this time.

4. It ties him to the Thomas Buck listed there in the 1820 US census (shown below)

It does not seem that Thomas (2) Buck, the Captain, enjoyed marital bliss for very long

with Elenor, he was about 79 years old at the time of this wedding, and, presumably,

she was of a similar age.  She probably died within the year.  

Just one year later, the 1820 census is very interesting, and it appears that Thomas (2)

Buck moved back to his home in Hopewell during that summer, but just at the right time

to be counted twice.  Notice the similarities between the following two records.  The first

is from page 170 for Strabane Twp, Washington Co., PA; and the second is for

Hopewell Twp., Bedford Co., PA.  There are some differences but it seems rather

obvious that Thomas packed up his grandchildren that summer, after being enumerated

in the census in Washington Co.; and moved them back to his home in Bedford County

just prior to that census taker coming through his neighborhood. 

                                                Males                                         Females

                                         10    16     16     26                              10    16    26    

                              <10   <16  <18   <26  <45    45+          <10  <16  <26  <45   45+     


Buck, Thomas          1       1       0      1       1      1                0      1      0      0      0   

Buck, Thomas          1       1       0      1       0      1                1      1      0      2      0 

Thomas (2) Buck was the single male over age 45.  In Washington County, (listed first

above) he had no wife, but did have one female (grand-daughter) between ages 10-16. 

Besides himself, he had four other boys/men living with him.  One of these was over

age 26 and old enough to be out on his own.  The others were younger than 26.  It

appears the oldest boy did not return with him when he moved to Hopewell, but the

other three younger boys, and the little girl did go back with him.  At his residence in

Hopewell, there were two other grown women living there and they had a small girl

under age 10.  We don’t know who these were but it would be good to remember that

the Captain had another daughter, Sarah Buck Akers, and she could have been living

here with some others.  We don’t know who these were but this is surely the family we

have been tracking.  

By this time Thomas (2) was getting old—about age 80, and was probably starting to

feel the signs of age over-take him.  His brother, David Sr., had made his will in Bedford

Co., in 1814, and had probably died very shortly thereafter.  Now, on 9 Feb. 1821

Thomas (2) Buck made his will, which was proved on 7 April, 1821 in Hopewell Twp.,

Bedford Co., PA, and is given as follows:  

     “I Thomas Buck of the Township of Hopewell in the County of Bedford, in State of

     Pennsylvania yeoman being of sound and disposing mind and memory knowing the

     uncertainty of life and that it is appointed for all men once to die do make and ordain this

     instrument in manner and form following that is to say I order all my just debts if any

     should be at my decease to be paid by my Executor herein after named. 

     Item.  I give and bequeath to my daughter Sarah intermarried with William Akers the

     sum of one hundred pounds if living, if not her heirs or children to William Akers equally

     divided in full for her share of any estate. 

     Secondly I give and bequeath to my son David Buck my lands in the State of Ohio and

     all the property therein belonging to me if he is yet living if he comes to claim the same

     and if he is deceased to his son Thomas Buck you.. (younger?)

     I give and bequeath to the heirs of my daughter Abigal deceased intermarried with Levi

     Jones one hundred pounds to be equally divided

     I give and bequeath unto Richard P. Buck son of Richard Buck deceased the one half of

     all my lands in Hopewell Township Bedford County and State of Pennsylvania

     I give and bequeath to Thomas Buck Jur. The other one half of said lands and Thomas

     Buck Jur to ay Richard P. Buck fifty dollars to be paid out of my personal estate and my

     land in Hopewell Township to be (rented?) until the will sell for two thousand pounds in

     the first to be rented for three years and the tenant to have them first year for improving

     the place to be continued to be rented three year ach time until sold and tenant to have

     one year of the place for repairs as aforesaid and when the rents are collected to be

     divided equally divided between Richard P. Buck and Thomas Buck Jur.  

     I desire that Richard P. Buck shall have all my outstanding debts and after paying my

     heirs equally to this my last will pay out the balance in land in the State of Ohio and the

     land he purchases with my money not to have the privilege to sell until he is thirty five

     years of age. 

     I desire that my personal property shall be sold and the money arising from the sale to

     pay my heirs as far as it will go.

     I desire that four dictionaries to be divided Richard P. Buck and Thomas Buck Jur and

     the residue of all my books to Richard P. Buck. 

     I desire that Richard P. Buck shall have three doskin (doe skin) bottoms which all

     belonged to my son Richard and one large truck and all the wearing apparel and all

     military implements and all the personal property that did belong to Richard Buck his

     father. And I do by these present nominate make and ordain constitute and appoint

     John Piper Esquire Executor of this my last will and testament and giving to them all 

     lawful power as executor should or of right ought to have in the premises.  In testimony

     whereof I the said Thos Buck have hereunto set my hand and seal this ninth day of

     February Anno Domino 1821. 

     Signed Sealed Published and dictated by the testator Thomas buck s and for his last

     will and testament in presence of us John Piper, David Wishart, Char Hanna. 

     Thos Buck

     Bedford County.  Before me the Subscriber Register for the probate of wills and

     granting letters of administration in and for said county personally appeared John Piper

     Esquire and Doctor David Wishart two of the subscribing witnesses to the foregoing

     instrument of writing and being duly sworn according to law deponents say that they

     were personally present and saw Thomas Buck the Testator sign and heard him declare

     the foregoing instrument of writing to be his last will and testament and that at the time

     of doing thereof the said Thomas Buck was of sound and disposing mind memory and

     understanding according to best of Deponents knowledge and that Charles Hanna

     whose name appears as Subscriber as a witness also signed the same and that they

     together with the said James Hanna signed the same in presence of Testator and at his


     Yeomen to the Subscribers                                              John Piper

     This 7th April 1821                                                            David Wishard

     Before me

     Benjm Burd (Burk?) 

{Note.  Comments inside of parenthesis in the above, punctuation and paragraph

separation were added by this transcriber, Lionel Nebeker, to assist in the reading and

understanding of this will, which was virtually one long sentence with very little


This document provides us with a great deal of information about the Captain’s family. 

There was no mention of any wife.  He clarifies that his daughter Abigail Jones, as well

as his son Richard Buck are both dead, but left children behind.  He owns land some

place in Ohio, presumably given to him for his service in the Revolutionary War, and

which was to devolve upon his son, David, but sadly, he is not sure if David is even

living, which indicates that that son was not in the immediate area and may have

already gone to Ohio, or elsewhere, but Thomas requires that he must return to claim

his inheritance, which leads one to wonder if they might have been a bit estranged and

out of contact with one another.  His daughter Sarah is still living, as is his son, Thomas

(3) Buck—or “Thomas Buck Jur.”  There is no indication that Thomas (3) Buck yet has

any family.  His grandson, Richard P. Buck was living, but we have found no documents

to confirm his existence beyond this will.  He was to inherit several military items that

had previously belonged to Richard Buck.  We have not been able to find any

documents for that son, Richard, but it sounds as if he served in the military, and

perhaps in the War of 1812.  We have made some effort to find records for him in that

engagement but have been unsuccessful so far.  Thomas’s oldest daughter, Sarah

Akers may have lived locally.  In the 1820 census we find five different Akers

families listed, with each of them living in Providence Twp of Bedford County.  They are:

Ephraim, John, Ralph, Robert and Uriah.  One of these is likely to be the Father-in-law of

Sarah, but we have not yet tracked this family down.  In the 1800 census the list of

Akers in Bedford County contains most of the same names: Abiah, Ephraim, Ralph,

Stephen, and Uriah.   Note too that once again Thomas turned to his friend, John Piper,

who may have been the son of the very first John Piper that we found back in 1773, but

this is just one more thing that helps to tie this Thomas Buck to several other references

about Captain Thomas Buck to help substantiate that we have been following the right

man throughout this history.

This concludes our presentation of the life and documents for Captain Thomas Buck

(1740-1821).  We feel it is a compelling argument of who this man was, and who he

wasn’t, and may help the reader eliminate a great deal of confusion with other men who

had the same name.


Lionel Nebeker  


Addendum -- 3-28-14

Another letter written by Lionel Nebeker to cousin, Gordon Bates

On Friday, March 28, 2014 12:24 PM, Lionel Nebeker <> wrote:

Hello Gordon!

How have you been doing lately?  Hope all is well with both of you. 

I've been thinking about our Bucks some more and with the help of the Internet I have stumbled onto a few interesting things that I wanted to share with you.

Let's start with Massa, Mercy, Marcy Buck Ferguson--From EBG's 1872 Endowment House baptisms, we know that she (and her children) performed baptisms for some of the Fergusons, and she listed "Massa" as her aunt, with: Benjamin, Zillah, Thomas and another "Massa" Ferguson as her cousins.  For a long time we thought that the "Zillah" was another sibling in this family until we found the record of land being sold by Benjamin Ferguson and his "wife" Zillah (Zella, Zilla) to his uncle, our David Buck, Sr.  That kind of clarified that Zillah was not a daughter of Massa Buck Ferguson, but rather a daughter-in-law, but still a "cousin" of EBG.  Yesterday, while looking for some of Captain Thomas Buck's children (specifically Abigail & her husband Levi Jones--but still coming up empty) I found a very interesting document.  It ties in with two of our Buck families.  I came across a family history of the Akers family.  You may recall that the Captain's oldest daughter, Sarah Buck, was listed in his 1821 will as being the wife of "William Akers."  We searched and found several Akers families (all closely related) in Providence Twp, but could not find a "William Akers" among them.  Well, in this Akers family history (which was found on the Internet in a listing for the Lysinger Family, of which the Akers are a cadet line) I found a listing of about three Akers brothers who went together to Bedford County in around 1790.  This document gave a listing of all the children of each of these brothers.  One of them, Ralph Akers, Sr. had a son named "William Akers" and he was born on 23 Jan 1764, which was within about a year of what we estimated Sarah Buck's birth to be.  Now that we have a listing of all of the children of each of these three Akers families in Bedford Co., and since this is the ONLY one who had a child named William, and he is of the right age and in the right place, I'm sure that is the same man as the husband of Sarah Buck, as listed in her father's will.  The Akers family information had his (William's) name and specific date of birth, but then had no more information about him.  It dose not show any spouse or death date, which kind of indicates to me that he probably moved away from that area shortly after his marriage.  Her father (Captain Thomas Buck) knew of them in 1821 when he made his will, but they may not have been living in the immediate area at that time. 

Now, actually, this was the second point I was going to share with you, but I guess I got too excited about this and blurted it out first.  So, to get back to the Fergusons, the really exciting thing was to look at the very next child in this family of Ralph Akers, Sr, and just two years younger than William Akers, was a daughter, named Zillah Akers, and it gives her specific birth date of 12 Jan. 1766 (by the way, these Akers children were born in Loudon County, VA, not far, but due south of, Bedford Co., PA, just across the isthmus of Maryland.)  Then the record went on to say that this Zillah Akers married a man by the name of Ferguson!  It gave no first name for her husband, but again, her date of birth was within a year of what we had estimated for Benjamin Ferguson--and the name of “Zillah” was uncommon enough to draw attention to itself.  Her maiden name would have been Zillah Ferguson, which is a perfect match for our Zillah Ferguson in Providence Twp of Bedford Co., PA.  This Akers family lived in the very same township, just a few miles up-stream on a tributary of Brush Creek.  Remember again that this Benjamin Ferguson owned land on lower Brush Creek as he is the one who sold that land to his uncle David Buck, and it was located next to his other uncle's Jonathan Buck's property on the mouth of Brush Creek.  When Jonathan moved away, he sold his parcel to his brother Thomas Buck (the Captain) who mostly lived in Hopewell Twp (to the north) but who may well have spent more time on Brush Creek after he bought that from Jonathan Buck.  That may explain how his daughter, Sarah, came to meet William Akers of that area.  Anyway, I thought that was pretty exciting.  This record (and I'll try to attach a copy of it, along with some Akers wills that I found) did not list any children of either of these two couples--Akers or Ferguson.  Perhaps they didn't have any children, but I think mostly that the family lost track of them as they most likely moved away from this area.  I kind of have some very weak hints that the Fergusons may have moved to Kentucky but I can't find anything definitive on that.  I have no idea where Sarah Buck and William Akers may have moved.

Now, just today, I was playing around in the Ohio 1850 census, and found something else that may connect to our family, but I can't yet tell for sure.  Here is what I found in Wood County, Ohio, in the community (township) of "Milton.” 

     Thomas Buck      born in PA  1792    age 58

     Elizabeth Buck                   OH  1806           44

     William Buck                      OH  1833           17

     Levi Buck                           OH  1835           15

     Thomas Buck                     OH  1838           12

     Rachel Buck                       OH  1840           10

     Sophiah Buck                     OH  1843            7 

     Loisa Buck                          OH  1847            3

     William O. Buck                  OH   1847           3

     David Buck                        NJ   1772          78

I found this very interesting.  Note that this Thomas Buck had an elderly gentleman living with him by the name of David Buck, who was 78 years old.  Now, here is what makes this family so interesting... besides the presence of the names of Thomas and David, both of which figure prominently in our family, if we go back to the family  of Captain Thomas Buck (in his 1821 will) you'll remember that he said he owned land in Ohio (which was a payment for his service in the Revolutionary War.)  And, as one of his bequests he said:

    "Secondly I give and bequeath to my son David Buck my lands in the State of

     Ohio and all the property therein belonging to me if he is yet living if he comes

     to claim the same, and if he is deceased to his son Thomas Buck."

From this we know that the Captain had a son named David, who then in turn, had at least one son, and his name was Thomas Buck.  He didn't know if David was still alive or not, so David was not anywhere close to him in Bedford Co., PA at that time, although David's son, Thomas, may have been living in, or near, Bedford Co. That is just not clear.  Perhaps David was off in Ohio clearing the land for his family when his father made out that will.  We just don't know.

But, the next item of interest is that the David Buck (above) says he was born in 1772 in New Jersey.  Census records are not always accurate as to ages particularly, but let's assume this is right.  You'll also remember that "OUR" David Buck, Sr. was born in New Jersey (according to EBG's 1880 Utah census record) and we estimated his birth to be about 1752.  We know that the whole Buck family first showed up in Bedford Co., PA in about 1775.  We don't know where they came from most recently, but they had lived in NJ sometime prior to that arrival time.  Here, this David Buck (above) says he was born in NJ in 1772.  That could be exactly right, and if he is the son of the Captain Thomas Buck, then the family was still living in NJ just very shortly before moving to Bedford Co., PA.  Note too that David’s son, Thomas, in the census shown above, said that he was born in 1792 in PENNSYLVANIA!  Just exactly where we would have expected him to be born.  I just wish he would have said that he was born in Bedford County!  But, he didn’t. 

We had estimated that the Captain's son, David, may have been born sometime around 1766.  That was very rough, but even that is within 6 years of when this man says his birth was (1772.)  And, we had then 'estimated' that David’s son, Thomas Buck, may have been born about 1795 (even rougher estimate, because now we are compounding one estimate on top of another.)  But, that 2nd estimate is within 3 years of what the above Thomas Buck says his birth year was.

Sadly, this is not "proof" of a firm connection of this Ohio family to our PA family, but it is at least worth thinking about and trying to research more on this family to see if we can figure out just where they came from in PA (and in N.J.)   It would also be good if we could figure out for sure just where in Ohio the Captain's land claim was located.

Anyway, I am excited to take off on a new search and see what I can find, if anything, and I thought I'd share this with you too. 

Take care. 

Lots of love.                  Lionel "Bucky" Nebeker 

Two Exhibits Given as Attachments:

Exhibit #1

Akers family of Bedford Co., Pennsylvania

William Akers  md. Sarah Buck

Zillah Akers md. Benjamin Ferguson

Found in:

“Lysingers, PA Bedford “

Found on  on the Internet:

Ahnentafel, Generation No. 5

28. Ralph AKERS was born 20 OCT 1728 in Hunterdon Co. NJ, and died 1817 in Providence Twp. Bedford Co. PA. He was the son of 56. Robert AKERS and 57. Sarah HART.

29. Hannah (AKERS) was born 29 MAY 1733, and died AFT 1817 in Bedford Co. PA.

Children of Hannah (AKERS) and Ralph AKERS are:
14. i. Ephraim AKERS was born 22 MAR 1761, and died 14 MAR 1817 in Bedford Co. PA. He married Rachel HANKS OCT 1784, daughter of William HANKS , Jr. and Sarah BENSON. She was born 12 DEC 1761 in Loudon Co. VA, and died 1 APR 1842 in Bedford Co. PA.
ii. William AKERS was born 23 JAN 1764.
iii. Zillah AKERS was born 12 JAN 1766. She married ____ FERGUSON.

iv. Sarah AKERS was born 6 JUN 1768. She married ____ COPELAND.
v. Robert AKERS was born 24 SEP 1771, and died 29 DEC 1838 in Providence Twp. Bedford Co. PA. He married Nancy HANKS 24 DEC 1799, daughter of William HANKS , Jr. and Sarah BENSON. She was born 4 OCT 1769 in Loudon Co. VA, and died 17 JUN 1835 in Bedford Co. PA.
vi. Jane AKERS was born 9 JAN 1774, and died in Monroe Co. OH. She married Daniel AKERS, son of Abiah AKERS and Phoebe (AKERS). He died in Monroe Co. OH.
vii. Ralph AKERS was born 16 FEB 1777 in Loudon Co. VA, and died 12 JAN 1854 in Akersville, Fulton Co. PA. He married Sarah HOLLINGSHEAD, daughter of James HOLLINGSHEAD , Sr.. She was born 6 JUN 1784 in Loudon Co. VA, and died 29 JUL 1860 in Akersville, Fulton Co. PA.

Exhibit #2

Wills of 3 Akers families of Bedford Co., Pennsylvania:

From: Pennsylvania USGenWeb Archives ; Bedford County Wills;  Will Abstracts Complete Transcribed Wills.  File name ake0001.txt  contributor—Michael Caldwell, 1997.  (On-line on the Internet)

Wills of Robert Akers, whose wife was “Sarah”. 

Wills: Of Robert, Ralph Sr, & Ralph Jr Akers, 1791-1850: Providence Twp,

Bedford Co and Fulton Co

Contributed for use in USGenWeb Archives

by Michael

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               and libraries is encouraged, as long as all notices

               and submitter information is included. Any other use,

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               permission from the submitters PRIOR to uploading to

               any other sites. We encourage links to the state and

               county table of contents.


Three AKERS wills.  Robert was the father of Ralph, Sr., who was the father of Ralph, Jr.

In the name of God I Robbirt Akers Seaner Now an inhabbiter of the township of Providence in the County of bedford State of pensalvaney

being in perfect memmery and full Strength of Reason Do make And

publish this my last will and Testement Viz-

First tis my will and Appointment That My funeral Charge Be paid and all just Debts Dues Or Demands Next I give and Bequeath unto my beloveod Wife the hole benefits of all my lands With the buildings and appurteniances thereunto be longing During Her Natural Life and that in lew of the lawfull Dowrey unto her belonging

And also I give and bequeath unto My Son Ralph Akers my black hors And Crosscut Sawe And My Largest Iron kittle and the benefits Of all My Lands as abovesaid After The Death of My beloveed Wife to the benefit and Use of him and his present Wife During Their Natural Lives then at the Expiration of these above Named Lives I give and bequeath unto my Grandson Robbirt Akers Son of my Son Ralph the hole of all my lands to him and his Hairs for Ever.

Next I give and bequeath unto My Son Abiar Akers My Greay Mair and further I Give and bequeath unto my Beloveed Wife a black and white pide Cow which Now Give milck Durin her Natral life and then tis my will that my Grand Daughter Tillah (Zillah) Akers Daughte of my Son Ralph Akers Shall have the Cow above mentioned for her One property

further I Give and Bequeath unto My Daughter Naomi Joanes My Brindel Cow And pide heffer to be her property at the Death of My beloved Wife who Shall have the benefit of them till her Death

Further it is My will and Order that my Grandson Robbirt Akers who hath my lands when they fall into his hands pay unto His Brother Ralph Akers the Sum of teen pounds or help him Cleare teen Acors of Land on his place As Robbirt may Choose 

Also I Give and bequeath unto My Daughter Naomi Joanes at the Death of my beloveed Wife one feather bead and beding to Furnish the Same then After the Death of My beloved Wife Who Shall have the use of all my household goods During life Then all the Surpeles of my Real or persional Estate Shall be Eaqually Devided Amongst my Sons and Daughter

Lastly I Appoint My Sons Ralph and Abiar Akers to Be my Lawfull Executors-

This My last will and testement As Witness my hand And Seal This twenty

Secont Day of June in the year of our Lord Ano Domi - one thousand Seven

Hundred and Ninety one - - - 1791

Signed & Sealed                                        Robirt Akers

In the presents of

Thos Runyan


Sarah  X  Akers


Bedford County ss.

On the nineteenth day of December Anno Domini one thousand Seven hundred and ninety one, Before me David Espy Esquire Register for the probate of Wills & granting letters of administration in and for the County of Bedford in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Personally came the above named Thomas Runyan one of the Subscribing Witnesses to the within Instrument of writing & being duly sworn according to Law did declare & say that he was personally present & heard & saw the above named Robert Akers Sign Seal publish pronounce & declare the aforegoing Instrument of Writing as and for his last Will & Testament, that at the time of doing the same the said Robert was of sound & disposing mind & memory according to the best of this deponent's knowlege & belief,- that Sarah Akers the other subscribing Witness was also present at the Execution of the said Instrument of Writing, & that she made hir mark, & he this Deponent subscribed his name, thereto in the presence of each other, & in the presence of the Testator & at his request - -

Sworn to & subscribed the same                         Thos Runyan

Day & Year - Coram

David Espy,


Bedford County, ss.

On the third Day of January in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven

hundred and ninety two Sarah Akers one of the Subscribing Witnesses to

the aforegoing Instrument in Writing proporting to be the last Will and Testament of Robert Akors deceased, came personally before me the Subscriber Register for the Probate of Wills & granting Letters of Administration in and for the County of Bedford aforesaid in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and being duly Sworn according to Law, on her Oath declareth and saith that she was personally present and saw and heard the said Robert Akors the Testator as afore mentioned sign, seal, and as hir Act and Deed deliver the before mentioned Instrument in Writing as and for his last Will and Testament, That at the Time of doing the same the said Robert Akors was of Sound and disposing Mind and Memory according to the best of this Deponent's Knowledge and Belief and that she made her Mark thereto as a Witness of the same in the presence of the Testator and at his Request.

Sworn to and subscribed the                                     her

Same Day and Year aforesaid                               Sarah  X  Akers


      Coram   David Espy,


Same Day Ralph Akers & Abia Akers Sworn as Executors - - - -

Recorded and compared June 6, 1956.

                Robert H. Hammer



In the name of God I Ralph Akers Senior being sound in reason although weack in body do macke and publish this my last will and testement as follows Viz.   

First I do give and bequeath unto my beloved wife Hannah the use and

benifits of all my estate real and personal during her nattral life that is to say as far as is nessacery for a comfortable support and next I do give and bequeath unto my sons William and Ralph all my lands to be equally divided between them quantity and quallity to be theirs free from all demands at the decease of my beloved wife their mother but as my son William is at this time far of that I know not whether alive or dead it is my will that if my son William should be dead before he git in possession of this part herein appointed him then that shall be equally divided amongst his children but further more it is my will that should my son William be alive to possess the part given to him and would not choose to live on the said lands then my other son Ralph shall have the hole of the land and pay then unto William the sum of two hundred and fifty dollars or if William should be dead and his children shall not wish to live on said land Ralph shall have the hole by paying the before mentioned sum to William's children to be equally divided amongst them also I give unto my three daughters Zillah, and Sarah, and Jeane all my beds and beding and all my puter to be equally divided amongst them at the death of my beloved wife their mother also I give unto my son Robbirt my weavers lumbe and also I give unto my sons Robbirt & Ralph my wagen and little hatchet for their use each, equall part to be their at the death of their mother and also I give unto my son Epheram my big iron cittle to have at the death of his mother also I give unto my son Ralph my wheat fan and brass cittle and little iron pot to be his at the death of his mother also I give to my son William a small iron pot at the death of his mother also I give unto my grandson Ammiriah my small desk which shall be his property at the death of my beloved wife his grandmother and all the rest of my property that may be found at the death of my beloved wife shall be equally divided between all my children sons and daughters, whose names are herein mentioned also I do order and appoint my son Ralph to tacke care of his mother seeing that she hath comfortable support out of the substance left in her hands for that purpose also I do appoint and macke my sons Robbirt and Ralph my executors to execute this my last will and testament made this twenty ninth day of July in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seven In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seale the day and year above written.

Test                                                                            Ralph Akers {Seal}

{The following words were underlined before signed be dead use Ralph}

Thos. Runyan            Samuel Jackson

John Hollenshead        George Barton

Bedford County SS. Personally appeared before me the subscri Register for

the probate of Wills and granting letters of administration in and for said County Samuel Jackson and George Barton two of the subscribing witnefses to the foregoing instruments in writing who being duly sworn do depose and say that on or about the 26th day of March last they subscribed their names as witnefses to the foregoing instrument in writing in presence of Ralph Akers, the testator, that the said testator declared the same to be his last will and testament and also declared that the name "Ralph Akers" thereto subscribed was his the said testators own hand writing. that the time the deponents subscribed as witnefses the said testator was of sound and disposing mind memory and understanding according to the best of the deponents knowledge and belief - Sworn and subscribed the 2nd day of June A.D. 1817.

   Coram                                               Samuel Jackson

D. Mann Register                                       George Barton

Filed and Registered 2nd June A.D. 1817

Be it remembered that on the 2nd day of June A.D. 1817 letters testamentary was granted to Robert Akers and Ralph Akers Executors in the foregoing will named they having been first duly sworn according to law.


The last Will and Testament of Ralph Akers, of East Providence township in

the county of Bedford:  I Ralph Akers, considering the uncertainty of this

mortal life, and being of sound mind and memory, do make and publish this my last will and testament, in manner and form following (that is to say) First, I give and bequeath unto my wife Sarah Akers, all my personal and real estate during her natural life, or while she remains my widow, and in the event of her death, or marriage, I give to my two sons Amariah Akers, and Azariah Akers their heirs and assigns, all that messuage or tenements, situate, lying, and being in East Providence township and county aforesaid, together, to hold to them the said Amariah Akers, and Azariah Akers, their heirs and assigns forever.  I wish them to divide it as near equally, and amicably between them as they can.  And further, I require them to provide a comfortable living for their mother and me during our natural lifetime, and to pay after their mothers death to my daughter Hannah Martin the sum of twenty dollars each, and I further give and bequeath to said Hannah Martin after her mother's death, her mothers bed and bedding.  It is my wish that my two sons should remain on the place with me as they are now situated, And lastly, as to all the rest, residue and remainder of my personal estate goods, and chattels, of what kinds and nature soever, I give and bequeath the same to my son Azariah Akers, whom with his brother Amariah Akers, I hereby appoint sole executors of this my last Will and testament:  hereby revoking all former wills by me made.  In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and seal, the seventeenth day of April, in the year of our Lord, one thousandeight hundred and fifty.

                                    [signed] Ralph Akers    {Seal}

Signed, sealed, and declared by the above Ralph Akers, to be his last will

and testament, in the presence of us, who at his request and in his presence, have subscribed our names as witnesses thereunto.

                                    [signed] Israel Akers

                                    [signed] J. Benson Akers

                                    [signed] John Akers


Fulton County SS.       On the 21st day of January AD 1854.  Personally appeared before the Register for the Probate of Wills and granting Letters of Administration, in and for said county, Israel Akers and John Akers two of the subscribing witnesses to the within and foregoing Will, who being duly sworn doth depose and say that they were desired by the testator to sign the same as witnesses thereto and heard him pronounce, publish and declare said Instrument of writing to be his last will and testament and that deponent John Akers signed in the presence of Israel Akers, and they believe to the best of their knowledge the testator was of sound, disposing mind memory and understanding.

                                     [signed] Israel Akers

Sworn & Subscribed                   [signed] John Akers

Before Jacob Reed Register

Be it remembered that on the 21st day of January AD 1854 the will of Ralph

Akers deceased, was admitted to Probate and Registered, and that Letters

Testamentary thereon were issued to Azariah Akers and Amariah Akers Executors therein named.

                                     Jacob Reed Regr.